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仁爱版8年级上 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section D学案

仁爱版8年级上 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section D学案
一. 学习内容
二、学习要求
1.必会主要生词和短语
2.必会主要句型
三、本节课的学习要点及考点
一.重点词语
1. share…with 与……共享
2. play with 玩弄,玩耍
3. in danger 在危险之中
4. feed on 以……为食
5. think about 考虑,思考
6. enjoy nature 享受自然
7. at night 晚上
8. in the daytime 白天
9. summer vacation 暑假
10. thousands of 成千上万
11. in fact 事实上
12. find out 查明,发现
13. in nature 在自然界
二.重点句型
1.Plants are more beautiful than animals. 植物比动物更漂亮。
2.The plants stay green longer there. 那儿的植物能更长时间保持绿色。
3.The rainforests are very important to us. (热带)雨林对我们很重要。
4.Water is necessary for all plants.It is the most important thing to all living things,we must save every drop of water. 水对所有植物是必需的。它对所有生物都重要,我们必须节约每一滴水。
5.Isn’t it interesting? 是不是很有趣呀?
6.It is one of the most dangerous fish in the world. 它是世界上最危险的鱼之一。
7.It is so strange! 太奇怪了!
三.语法学习
(一.)形容词的比较级和最高级的构成
1. 规则变化:
(1.)一般在词尾加—er或—est.如:fresh—fresher—freshest.
(2.)以字母e结尾的形容词,加r或st,如:late—later—latest.
(3.)以重读闭音节结尾的词,词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应双写这一辅音字母,再加er或est.如:big—bigger—biggest.
(4.)以辅音字母+y结尾的双音节词,先改y为i,再加er 或est.如:happy—happier—happiest.
(5.)部分双音节词和多音节词前面加more或most构成比较级或最高级。如:careful—more careful—most careful,beautiful—more beautiful—most beautiful.
2.不规则变化:
good/well—better—best,little—less—least,many/much—more—most,bad/ill—worse—worst,far—farther/further—farthest/furthest.
(二.)形容词的比较级和最高级的用法
1. 比较级A<B或A>B,经常与than搭配,或给出比较的二个内容。可用much和a little修饰.
2. 三者或三者以上比较用最高级,一般给出比较范围.如:of(in)+…。
(1)例句:①I’m happier than you. 我比你更快乐。
②Plants are much more beautiful than animals. 植物比动物漂亮的多。  
(2)例句:①The boy is the tallest in my class. 这个男孩是我们班最高的。
②Lesson Two is the most important of all. 第二课是所有中最重要的。 
四.交际用语:学习如何用英语描述和谈论我们生存的自然环境
Do you like plants or animals?
What are you thinking about?
Why do you think so?
What kind of wild animal is the most dangerous,the tiger,the snake or the bear?
Why must we save every drop of water? 
四、学习过程
(一)课前预习
1.课前预习课本P83—84.
2. .课前预习 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section D练习
(二). 提高 拓展的练习
Ⅰ. 词汇,根据汉语和句意完成单词。
1. Do you like plants or (动物)?
2. They are (美丽)like flowers.
3. Plants and animals are (重要)for us.
4. We (分享)the world with plants and animals.
5. In spring, it returns to the (新鲜的)water stream to lay eggs.
6. Paul is very k . He likes to help other people.
7. Baseball is a p sport in the USA.
8. First, you need to cut two p of bread.
9. Christmas is a f on December 25th.
10. Animals are our friends. They give us j .
Ⅱ. 单项选择。
( )1. Would you please some salad me?
A. to buy, for B. buy, for
C. buy; of D. buying, to
( )2. Our English teacher enjoys basketball.
A. play B. to play
C. playing D. played
( )3. I a famous basketball player last week.
A. met B. won C. watched D. had
( )4. My school is far the bus station.
A. along B. away C. from D. close to
( )5. It’s late now. it’s to take a bus.
A. best B. easy C. hot D. better
( )6. I like doing the dishes because it’s .
A. boring B. interesting C. exciting D. difficult
( )7. —Could I please use your computer?
— . I’m going to work on it.
A. Sure B. Yes C. Sorry D. OK
( )8.—Do you like to make your bed?
— .
A. No, not really B. No, I can’t
C. Yes, I can D. Yes, I like
( )9. Can you help me my English?
A. to B. for C. in D. with
( )10. My parents and I vacation tomorrow.
A. am going to B. are going on
C. am going to D. are going to
Ⅲ. 改错。
1. Will you please to drive me home?

2. My boyfriend would like to take me out a show tonight.

3. I will have my tooth take out.

4. Could I borrow you phone?

5. There are not class today.

6. I always help my mom do the dish.

7. I usually clean my room two times a week.

8. It’s your turn to take the dog for walk.

9. The cat is feeding fish in the room.

10. I have some favors ask you.

Ⅳ. 完形填空。
Swimming is very popular in summer. People like swimming in summer because water makes them 1 cool. If you like swimming but swim in a 2 place, it may not be safe. These years, more than ten people 3 while they were enjoying themselves in the water and 4 of them were students. But some people are 5 not careful in swimming. They often think they swim so 6 that nothing can happen to them in water. Summer is here again. If you go swimming in summer, don’t forget 7 better swimmers have died in water. They died because they were not careful, not because they 8 swim. So don’t get into water when you alone. 9 there is a “No Swimming” sign, don’t get into water, 10 . If you remember these, swimming will be safer.
( )1.A. felt B. feel C. feeling D. to feel
( )2.A. difficult B. small C. big D. unfifly
( )3.A. difficult B. die C. have died D. will die
( )4.A. much B. most C. lot D. more
( )5.A. yet B. already C. still D. even
( )6.A. fast B. often C. well D. hard
( )7.A. what B. that C. which D. who
( )8.A. couldn’t B. wouldn’t C. needn’t D. mustn’t
( )9.A. Because B. Though C. Whether D. If
( )10.A. either B. nor C. also D. too
Ⅴ. 补充对话。
Man: 1
Linda: I’m going to be a teacher who works with little children.
Man: 2
Linda: I’m going to work harder in school this year. I’m going to study and get good grades. I’m going to get a part time job.
Man: 3
Linda: I want to put some money in the bank. 4
Man: What kind of job do you want?
Linda: 5
Man: That sounds great!
A. Why are you going to get a part-time job?
B. Linda, what are you going to be when you now up?
C. I want to work with computers.
D. How are you going to do that?
E. I will need the money for college.
参考答案:
Ⅰ. 1. animals 2. beautiful 3. important 4. share 5. fresh
6. kind 7. popular 8. pieces 9. festival 10. joy
Ⅱ. 1—5 B C A C D 6—10 B C A D B
Ⅲ. 1. to 删去 2. out 后加 watching 3. take - - taken 4. borrow- - lend 5. class - - classes 6. dish - - dishes 7. two times - - twice 8. for 后面加a 9. feeding - - eating 10. ask 之前加 to
Ⅳ. 1—5 B D C B C 6—10 C B A D A
Ⅴ. 1—5 B D A E C


(三)课后复习
1、复习课本P83—84.
2、完成 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 1 Section D练习
(四)自学问题记录:

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