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仁爱版8年级上 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section D学案

仁爱版8年级上 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section D学案
一. 学习内容
1.复习反意疑问句。
2.复习长,宽,高等量的英语表达。
二、学习要求
1.必会主要生词和短语
pull down, be worn out, join… together, from then on, regard … as …
2.Review the usage of measurement learned in this topic:
(1) The Xi’an City Wall is about 13.7 kilometers long.
(2) It took about 100, 000 people over 20 years to build it.
3. Review the usage of Tag Questions.
4. Talk about cultural relics and symbolic buildings.
三、本节课的学习要点及考点
一. 重点词语
1. more than 超过
2.pull down 推倒,拆毁
3.heavy traffic 交通繁忙
4.wear out 磨损,用坏
5.used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
6.do one’s best 尽(某人)最大努力
7.live models 真人模型
8.the ancient world 古代
9.be made up of 由……组成
10.join…together 把……连在一起
11.regard…as… 把……看作
12.be worn out 被损坏
二. 重点句型
1.Lots of them were pulled down in the 1960s. 他们当中许多在二十世纪六十年代被拆毁。
2.People thought them useless. 人们认为它们没有用。
3.It’s really too bad. 这太遗憾了。
4.We are doing our best to protect and rebuild the old city walls. 我们正在尽全力保护并重建老城墙。
5.It is one of the“seven wonders”of the ancient world still standing. 它是现存的古代“七大奇迹”之一。
6.It took 100,000 people over 20 years to build it. 修建它花了10万人二十多年的时间。
7.Since then,people regarded the Great Wall as a symbol of the Chinese nation. 从那以后,人们就把长城看作是中华民族的象征。
8.Every year many people find great pleasure visiting the wall.每年有许多人参观长城,从中得到极大乐趣。
三. 语法学习
反意疑问句:由陈述句(或祈使句、感叹句)加一个简短问句构成的疑问句叫反意疑问
句。实质是前面陈述句的反问句。
一般对应规律:前肯后否;前否后肯。即陈述部分为肯定形式,附加问句用否定形式;陈述部分为否定形式,附加问句用肯定形式。如:
There are many pyramids in Egypt,aren’t there?在埃及有许多金字塔,不是吗?
Sally visited the Great Wall last month,didn’t she?萨莉上个月参观了长城,不是吗?
He doesn’t realize the importance of saving water,does he?他没有意识到节约用水的重要性,是吗?
特例点拨:①I’m your good friend,aren’t I?我是你的好朋友,不是吗?I don’t think you can rebuild the house,can you?我认为你不能重修这座房子,是吗?(I don’t think…主要在说think后的内容,故按从句变化)。
②陈述部分有nobody,nothing,never,no,few(没几个),little(几乎没有),hardly(几乎不)等否定或半否定词时,仍视为否定句。根据反意疑问句对应规律,疑问部分用肯定形式。如:There is nothing in the room,is there?屋子里什么也没有,是吗?
Maria never surports me,does she? 玛丽亚从未支持过我,是吗?
He had few apples,did he? 他几乎没有苹果,是吗?
③祈使句的反意疑问句:无论肯定或否定,通常在祈使句后加上will you?如:
Please close the door,will you?请关门好吗?
Don’t tear down the old walls,will you?不要拆毁古墙,好吗?
但以Let’s开头的祈使句用shall we?如:
let’s make a survey,shall we?我们做个调查,好吗?
四. 交际用语:学习用英语描述和谈论中外名胜古迹。
How many great wonders of the world do you know?
I know some wonders.
Do you know these places of interest?
What is it?
Where is it?
Why is it famous?
Do you know any more information about it?

四、学习过程
(一)课前预习
1.课前预习课本P99—100.
2. .课前预习 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section D练习
(二). 提高 拓展的练习
I.完形填空。
In recent years, computer games have become more and more popular in many cities and towns. A lot of small shops and restaurants along busy 1 have changed into 2 game houses in order to get more money. These places are always crowded with 3 , especially young boys.
In the computer game houses, people 4 a lot of money competing with the computerized machines. It’s 5 for one to win against a computer, but one can make 6 after trying again and again. People have a kind of gambling psychology when they play computer games. The more they 7 , the more they want to win, and at last they even can’t live without it. For school boys, they have no 8 for their lessons. When class is over, they rush to the nearby computer game houses. Some of them can get enough money from their parents. But some of them are not 9 enough to get the money. They begin to steal 10 students’ money and become thieves.
( ) 1. A. rivers B. cities C. markets D. streets
( )2. A. small B. big C. computer D. sports
( ) 3. A. people B. boys C. women D. girls
( ) 4. A. take B. win C. cost D. spend
( ) 5. A. easy B. hard C. important D. wonderful
( ) 6. A. mistakes B. money C. progress D. rich
( ) 7. A. miss B. lose C. play D. make
( ) 8. A. different B. secret C. mind D. duty
( ) 9. A. bad B. angry C. difficult D. lucky
( ) 10. A. other B. others C. another D. the others
II.阅读理解。
(A)
We are all busy talking about and using the Internet(因特网), but how many of us know the history of the Internet?
Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At that time, computers were large and expensive. Computer networks(网络) didn’t work well. If one computer in the network broke down, then the whole network stopped. So a new network system (系统) had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working, information(信息) could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working all the time.
At first the Internet was only used by the government(政府), but in the early 1970s, universities(大学), hospitals and banks(银行) were allowed(允许) to use it too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software(软件) that made “surfing”(浏览) the Internet more convenient(方便).
Today it is easy to get on-line(上网) and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day. Sending e-mail(电子邮件) is more and more popular among students.
The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people’s life.
( ) 1. The Internet has a history of more than ___ years.
A. sixty B. ten C. thirty D. twenty
( ) 2. A new network system was set up to ____.
A. make computers cheaper B. make itself keep on working all the time
C. break down the whole network D. make computers large and expensive
( ) 3. At first the Internet was only used by ______.
A. the government B. universities C. hospitals and banks D. schools
( ) 4. ______ made “surfing” the Internet more convenient.
A. Computers B. Scientists C. Software D. Information
( ) 5. Which of the following is true?
A. In the 1960s, computer networks worked well.
B. In the early 1970s, the Internet was easy to use.
C. Sending e-mail is now more popular among students than before.
D. Today it’s still not easy to get on-line.
(B)
Toby went to China for a holiday with his father this summer. Their first destination(目的地) was Beijing. They arrived in Beijing on 8th, August.
According to the travel plan, can you guess what they did in Beijing?
Four days Beijing Tour for $ 280 each
Day 1
(L) Arrive in Beijing. Take a bus to the hotel. Have a city tour to the Summer Palace.
Day 2
(B, L) Full day trip to the Tian’anmen Square, the Palace Museum, and the Temple of Heaven(天坛). See Beijing Opera(京剧) in the evening.
Day 3
(B, L, D) Full day trip to the Great Wall, Ming Tombs and Beihai Park. Enjoy a famous Beijing Roast Duck Banquet(宴会) for dinner.
Day 4
(B, L) Visit Hutongs and Xiushui Street. Take the afternoon flight to the next destination.
(B: Breakfast L: Lunch D: Dinner)
( ) 6. They paid ________ for the Beijing tour.
A. $190 B. $280 C. $470 D. $560
( ) 7.On which day did they see Beijing Opera in the evening?
A. The first day. B. The second day.
C. The third day. D. The fourth day.
( ) 8. How many places of interest did they go to on their third day?
A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four.
( ) 9. On the fourth day, they visited ________.
A. Hutongs B. Xiushui Street C. Beihai Park D. A and B
( ) 10. When did they leave Beijing?
A. 10th, August. B. 11th, August. C. 12th, August. D. 13th, August.
I. 1--5 DCADB
6--10 CBCDA
Ⅳ. 1--5 CBACC
6--10 DBCDB
(三)课后复习
1、复习课本P99—100.
2、完成 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section D练习
(四)自学问题记录:

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