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八年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳

八年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳
Unit 1 Playing Sports ]
Topic 1 What’s your favorite sport?
重点词语:
1. almost(反义词)never 2.win(过去式)won(名词)winner
3.ski(现在分词)skiing 4.famous(比较级)more famous
5.arrive(同义词)reach 6.leave(过去式))left
7.popular(最高级)most popular 8.healthy(同义词)fit(名词)health
(1) 词组
1. during the summer holidays 在暑假期间
2. between…and… 在两者之间
3. cheer sb. on 为某人加油
4. prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事
5. quite a bit/a lot 很多
6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事
7. have a skating club 举办滑雪俱乐部
8. go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking 去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足
9. arrive in 到达
10. play against… 与……对抗/较量
11. for long 很久
12. leave for… 动身去…
13. the day after tomorrow 后天
14. places of interest 名15. 胜
16. play baseball 打棒球
17. at least 至少
18. be good at 善于做某事
19. take part in 参加
20. all over the world 全世界
21. be good for 对……有益
22. a good way 一种好方法
23. keep fit/healthy 保持健康
24. relax oneself 放松某人自己
重点句型
25. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么?
26. Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运动?
I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.
27. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗?
28. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在体育馆.
29. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping.
她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.
30. What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动?
重点语言点
31. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程,常与every day; often等连用.
see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行.
如: I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays.
I often see him draw pictures near the river. 我常看见她在河边画画.
I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路
I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路.
[类似的有watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.]
32. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起”
join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”
take part in 表示 “参加/出席某个活动”
如: Will you join us?
I will join the skiing club.
She is planning to take part in the high jump.
33. arrive in + 大地点
arrive at + 小地点
get to + 地点 = reach + 地点
如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.
I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall.
注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home
34. leave… 离开……
leave for… 动身去…/离开到…
如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京.
They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本.
35. a few “几个;一些” 修饰可数名36. 词
a little “一点点” 修饰不数名词
如: There are a few eggs in the basket.
There is a little water in the bottle.
37. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.
how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的频率.
如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing?
He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball?
7.be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事
如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.
8.make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态
keep …sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态
如: Playing soccer can make your body strong.
Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.
重点语法
一般将来时:
(一)be going to 结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用be going to表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。
如:I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.
我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。
She is going to buy a sweater for her mother.
她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。
②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。
如:Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了!
(二) will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来事实,常与表将来的时间状语如:tomorrow, soon, later, next time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll.
表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划,是临时的一种决定。
如:a. ----Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的东西收拾好。
----I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。
b. ----Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶?
----I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。
c. Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。
表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。
如: I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。
Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。
表示许诺。如: I’ll do better next time. 下次我会做得更好的。
I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。
句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon.
否定句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon.
一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon?
回答:Yes, I/she/he/they will. No, I/she /he/they won’t.
(三)动词plan, come, go, leave, fly等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事.
如: I’m coming. 我就来。
He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。
We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。

Topic 2 Would you mind saying sorry to Michael?
一、重点词语:
词形转换:
(1) adj. + ly → adv.
loud → loudly soft → softly quiet → quietly
clear → clearly angry → angrily easy → easily
(2)过去式:
fall → fell break → broke lose →lost throw → threw feel → felt
(3) 1.ill (同义词)sick (名词)illness 2.start(同义词)begin
3.far(反义词)near 4.smoke(现在分词)smoking
5.careless(反义词)careful 6.important(比较级) more important 7.Russia(公民)Russian 8.enjoy(现在分词)enjoying
9.invent(名词)invention;inventor 10.indoor(反义词)outdoor
11.century(复数)centuries 12.coach(复数)coaches
13.feel (名词)feeling 14.tiring(近义词)tired
(二) 词组:
have a soccer game 进行一场足球赛
fall ill 病倒了
be a little far from… 离……有点远
right away = at once 立刻;马上
miss a good chance 错过一个好机会
get/miss a goal 得到/失去一分
shame on sb. 为某人感到羞耻
do one’s best 尽某人的力
say sorry to sb. 对某人说抱歉
be sure to do sth. 确定做某事
be angry with… 生某人的气
with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下
serve food 上菜
turn up/down… 调高/低(音量)
keep sb. doing sth. 让某人一直做某事
in a minute 一分钟后;马上
on the phone 在电话中
take a seat 就坐
never mind 不要紧
a lot of traveling 一系列旅行
love/enjoy doing sth. 喜爱/欢做某事
have a very exciting life 过着非常兴奋的生活
as well 也
throw…into… 把……投进……
follow/obey the rules 遵守规则
over a century later 一个多世纪后
more and more people 越来越多的人
feel tired 感到疲劳
instead of… 替代……
ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事
make a plan for sb. 为某人订一份计划
build up 增进;增强
go right 正常运转
do the homework 做作业
二.重点句型
Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand?
你能帮我吗?
Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗?
You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意.
Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you.让我为你买一个新的。
He invented an indoor game for his students so that they could play it even in bad weather. 他为他的学生们发明了一项室内运动以便他们甚至在恶劣的天气也能玩。
And you can throw it with one hand or both hands.你能用一只手或两只手投掷它。
三. 重点语言点
ill 与 sick 都表示 “生病的”, 只能作表语而既可作表语也可作定语.
如: The man is ill/sick. 那个男人病了. (作表语)
He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)
Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?”
如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗?
Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗?
3. one of + 名词复数 表示 “其中之一……”, 主语是one,表单数.
如: One of my teammates is strong and tall. 其中我的一个队友又高又壮。
4. miss “错过,思念,遗失”
如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车.
He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.
My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.
5. be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子 “确定做某事”
如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time.
我们确信下次一定会赢。
be sorry for… “为某事抱歉”
be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了某事”
如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感到抱歉.
I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book.很抱歉弄丢你的书。
7.tired adj. “(感到)疲惫的” , 主语是人 如: I feel tired today. 今天我感到累了.
tiring adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物 如:This job is tiring. 这份工作令人疲惫.
类似的有: excited 感到兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的
interested 感到有趣的 interesting 有趣的
8.15-year-old “15岁的”
15 years old “15岁” 如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old.
类似用法: 2.5-mile / 2.5 miles
9. instead “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号隔开.
instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反”
如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去北京.
= I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai.
I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水.
have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth. 表示 “从做…….中获得乐趣”
如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中得到很大乐趣。
四、交际用语
(2) 请求和回答

Requests Responses
Could you please do me a favor? Sure. What is it?
Will you join us? I’d be glad to.
Would you mind teaching me? Not at all. Let’s go and practice.
(二)道歉和回答

Apologies Responses
I’m sorry I didn’t call you last night. Never mind.I guess you were busy last night.
I’m sorry I’m late for class. That’s OK. Please take a seat.
I’m sorry I lost your book. It doesn’t matter. That book isn’t important to me.
I’m sorry I broke your pen. Don’t worry. I have another pen.

Topic 3 Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics.
一、重点词组:
join the English club 加入英语俱乐部
host the 2008 Olympics 举办2008年奥运会
fill out 填出/好
go on 发生;进行
all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方
quite a lot 相当多
make friends with… 与……交朋友
be afraid 恐怕
be free 有空
see you then 再见
win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌
get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌
the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者
every four years 每四年;每隔三年
the mascot for the Beijing Olympics 北京奥运会的吉祥物
behave well 举止得体
improve the environment 改善环境
plant trees and grass 种植花草树木
a symbol of … 一种……的象征
stand for 代表
the five parts of the world 世界的五大部分
do morning exercises 做早操
be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事
二、重点句型
1.Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字吗?
= What’s your name?
2.What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?
3. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.
现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.
4.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助.
5.Please fill it out. 请把它填好.
6.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?
本周末的天气怎样?
7..There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.
三. 重点语言点
fill out + 名词 “填好……”
fill + 名词/代词+out
如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格.
Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好.
be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人.
be afraid of… “害怕(做)……”
如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空.
He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗.
They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛.
may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be
maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词
如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师.
He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.
between 在两者之间
among 在三者或三者当中
如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间.
The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.
5. There be 句型的一般将来时
正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
四、交际用语
提建议的句型:
Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?
What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?
Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?
Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢?
Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!
Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?
Would you please go hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?
Shall we go hiking? 我们一起去远足好吗? (shall在疑问句中与I 和we连用,表示提出或征求意见. 意思为 “……好吗?/ 要不要……?)

Unit 2 Keeping Healthy
Topic 1 How are you feeling today?
一、重点词组:
have a (bad/terrible) cold 患(重)感冒
have a toothache/backache/headache/stomachache 牙痛/背痛/头痛/胃痛
see a dentist/doctor 看牙医/医生
have a cough/fever 患咳嗽/发高烧
have the flu 得了流感
have sore eyes 眼睛发炎
have a sore throat 喉咙发炎
take/have a (good) rest (好好)休息
sleep well 睡得好
drink a lot of boiled water 多喝开水
lift heavy things 提重物
stay in bed 呆在床上
have a good sleep 好好睡一觉
feel terrible 感到难受
take sb. to… 带某人去……
take some medicine/ pills 吃药
day and night 日日夜夜
bad luck 倒霉
lie down 躺下
hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶
brush one’s teeth 刷牙
have an accident 出了事故/意外
send sb. to…. 送某人去……
take/ have a look at… 看一看……
not…until… 直到……才…..
get well 恢复健康
plenty of… 充足;大量
take off your coat 脱掉你的大衣
二、重点句型
You should see a dentist. 你应该看牙医。
You shouldn’t lift heavy things. 你不应该提重物。
You look pale. 你看起来气色不好,很苍白.
You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生.
You’d better not go to school today. 今天你最好不要去上学.
Thank you for your flowers and fruit. 谢谢你送来的鲜花和水果.
I couldn’t read them until today. 直到今天我才读了他们.
三. 重点语言点
身体某个部位 + ache,表身体某处疼痛。
如: headache 头痛 backache 背痛 stomachache 胃痛 toothache 牙痛
medicine “药” 为不可数名词
pill “药片” 为可数名词
如: take some medicine 吃些药 take some cold pills 吃些感冒药
with “含有…”
without “没有”
hot tea with honey 加蜜的茶 coffee with sugar and milk 加糖和牛奶
mooncake with eggs 含鸡蛋的月饼
Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶
Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。
until “直到……为止” ; 句中动词一般为延续性动词
not …until…. “直到……才…” ; 句中动词一般为短暂性动词
如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到10点为止.
He won’t leave until his father comes . 直到他父亲来他才离开.
both…and…. “……和……(两者)都”; 当主语时,谓语动词用复数.
如: I know both Jim and Tom. 吉姆和汤姆俩人我都认识.
Both Jim and I are 16 years old. 我和吉姆都是16岁.
plenty of… “充足;大量” 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词, 只用于肯定句,
相当于a lot of…/ lots of…
many “许多”, 修饰可数名词
much “许多”, 修饰不可数名词
如: You should drink plenty of /a lot of boiled water. 你应该喝大量的开水.
You shouldn’t drink so much water. 你不应该喝这么多水.
I have many/lots of/a lot of/plenty of books. 我有许多水.
四、交际用语
(一)询问病情
What’s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you ? 有什么不舒服?
How are you feeling now? 你现在感觉怎么样?
Do you have a cold? 你得了感冒了吗?
(二)诉说病情
1. I feel terrible./ I am feeling terrible. 我感到难受.
2. I have a headache/stomachache/…. 我头痛/肚子痛…..
3. I can’t sleep well at night. 我晚上睡不4. 好觉.
5. I cough day and night. 我日日夜夜地咳嗽.
6. But my left leg hurts when I move it. 但是当我移动时,我的左腿疼.
(3) 表示同(4) 情
1. I’m sorry to hear that.听到这事我感到难过.
2. That’s too bad. 那太糟了.
3. Bad luck. 倒霉.
(5) 表达建议
1. You’d better (not) do sth 最好(不2. )做某事.
3. You should/shouldn’t do sth 你(不4. ) 应该做某事.
5. Shall I take you to the hospital? 我带你去医院好吗?

Topic 2 Is it good for your health?
一、重点词组:
look tired 看起来很累
watch a soccer game on TV 在电视上观看一场足球赛
stay up 熬夜
keep long fingernails 留长指甲
wash hands before meals 饭前洗手
play sports right after meals 饭后适当运动
take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气
be necessary for… 对于……来说是必不可少的
keep you active 使你保持精力旺盛
in the daytime 在白天
throw litter about 乱扔垃圾
get enough sleep 得到足够的睡眠
exercise on an empty stomach 空腹锻炼
= without eating anything
need to do sth 需要做某事
get into 进入
become sick 生病
fight germs 抗击病菌
keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新
eat bad food 吃变质食物
sweep the floors 打扫地板
as we know 众所周知
have the right kinds of food 吃正确种类的(健康的)食品
choose the wrong food 选择错误的(不健康的)食品
in different ways 用不同的方法
make us sick 使我们生病
二、重点句型
I see. Staying up late is bad for your health. 我明白了. 熬夜有害你的健康.
(动名词短语做主语)
2. How did Wang Jun get a headache? 王俊怎样患上头痛的?
Is going to bed early good or bad for your health? It’s good.
早点睡觉对你的健康有益还是有害? 有益. (选择问句要根据事实回答)
Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health.散步是很好的锻炼,是身体健康必不可少.
It will keep you active in the daytime. 它(早睡早起)将使你在白天保持旺盛的精力.
You must not throw litter about. = Don’t throw litter about. 不要乱扔垃圾.
We may have more than one headache each month. 每月我们可能会不止一次头疼.
You may get a headache when you can’t get enough sleep.当你睡眠不足时,可能会头疼.
What does it mean when you have a headache? 头痛对你来说意味着什么?
The boy becomes sick. 那个男孩生病了.
As we know, food gives us enery. 众所周知,食物给我们提供能量.
If we eat too little or too much food, or if we choose the wrong food, it can make us sick.
如果我们吃得太少或太多, 或者食物的选择不当会生病的.
三. 重点语言点
1. be good for… 对……有益
be bad for… 对……有害
如: Swimming is good for health. 游泳对健康有益.
Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes. 在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害.
disease 通常指具体的病, 表 “特定的疾病、病名”
illness 通常指生病的状态或表抽象的疾病
如: Germs can cause diseases. 细菌会引发疾病。
SARS is a serious disease. 非典是一种严重的疾病。
Don’t worry about his illness. 别担心他的病。
exercise 表 “锻炼/运动”时, 为不可数名词;
表 “练习”或有定语修饰时, 为可数名词.
如: He often takes/does exercise in the morning. 他经常上午锻炼.
Please do the exercises at once.请马上做这些练习.
He does morning exercises every day. 他每天做早操
. Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的锻炼.
enough adj. “足够的”
修饰名词时, 既可放在名词之前, 也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前)
如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作.
There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物.
adv. “足够地” 修饰形容词或副词时, 均放在所修饰词的后面.
如: He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果.
He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚.
need “需要, 必需”
1 作实义动词: need sth. 需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事
如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助.
You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生.
He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车.
2 作情态动词: need + 动词原形
如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了.
You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工作.
6. too much + 不可数名词 表“太多的。。。”
much too + 形容词 表“太。。。”,much 起加强语气作用
如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多的肉。
He is much too fat. 他实在太胖了。
四.重点语法
情态动词:
①must “必须, 一定” 如: We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习.
mustn’t “不可以” 如: You mustn’t walk on the lawn. 你不可以在草坪上行走.
②should “应该” 如: We should finish it on time. 我们应该按时完成它.
shouldn’t “不该” 如: You shouldn’t go to school late. 你不该上学迟到.
③had better “最好” 如:You had better go to bed early.你最好早睡。
had better not “最好不” 如:You had better not go to bed late.
你最好不要迟睡。
④may “可以” 如: May I come in? 我可以进来吗?
“可能” 如: You may get a headache when you work too hard.
当你工作太努力时,你可能会头疼.

Topic 3 We should do our best to fight SARS.
一、重点词组:
talk with 与……交谈
hurry up 赶紧/快
go ahead = go on 继续(问)
spread easily 易传播
be afraid of… 害怕……
catch SARS 患上非典
do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事
fight SARS 抗击非典
keep away from animals 远离动物
do house cleaning 打扫屋子
go to crowded places 去拥挤的地方
all the time = always 总是/一直
examine the patients 检查病人
take a message 捎口信
take care of… 照顾……
= look after / care for
tell/ask sb. to do sth 叫某人做某事
call back 回电话
leave a message 留口信
take an active part in 积极参加
care for patients 照顾病人
save the patients 挽救病人
spend the time 度过时光
teach oneself 自学
help mother cook 帮助妈妈煮东西
on the phone/Internet 在电话中/在互联网上
enjoy oneself 过得愉快
tell sb. a story / stories 给某人讲故事
take some Chinese medicine 吃些中药
二、重点句型
We don’t have to be afraid of catching SARS. 我们没必要害怕患上非典。
Please tell my father to take care of himself. 请告诉我的父亲照顾好他自己。
Could you please ask her to call me back? 请叫她给我回电话好吗?
He took an active part in the battle against SARS. 他积极参加抗击非典的战斗。
He cared for the patients day and night. 他日日夜夜照顾病人。
It’s my duty to save the patients. 挽救病人是我的职责。
What do you think of Kangkang’s father? 你认为康康的父亲怎么样?
Long time no see! 好久不见!
You could cook for us next time. 下次你能为我们煮东西了。
三、重点语言点
talk with sb. 表 “与……交流” , 指 “与人平等地交流、讨论”
talk to sb. 表示 “找某人谈话” , 在口语中常 “责备某人”
如: Jim’s father is talking with the teacher. 吉姆的父亲正在和老师交谈.
I will talk to him about his careless. 我要找他谈话,批评他的粗心大意.
常用的反身代词词组:
take care of oneself = look after oneself 照顾某人自己
teach oneself = learn by oneself 自学
enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩得高兴
help sb (to) do sth = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
如: I helped my mother cook at home.
= I helped my mother with the cook at home. 我在家帮我母亲做饭.
四、重点语法
(一) 情态动词: must 与 have to
① must    "必须;一定”, 表示有做某一动作的必要或义务,侧重表达说话者的主观看法.(只有一种时态)
如:We must wash hands before meals. 饭前我们必须洗手.
We must eat healthy food. 我们必须吃健康的食物.
    
② have to   “不得不,必须”, 侧重表示因客观条件或客观环境的迫使而"不得不做某事".(可用于各种时态)
如:It’s too late. I have to go now. 太迟了.现在我得走了.
I had to borrow some money at that time. 那时我不得不借了一些钱.
*----Must we keep the windows open all the time?
----No, we don’t have to. / No, we needn’t. (注意回答时不能用No, we mustn’t.)
(二)电话用语:
Hello! Could /May I speak to…, please? 你好! 我能跟……通话吗?
May I take a message? 我能捎个口信吗?
This is Kangkang. 我是康康.
Hello! Who’s that? 你好! 你是谁?
Review of Units 1---2
break the window 打破窗户(玻璃)
get lost 丢失;迷路
on one’s way (to) 在….的路上
take the wrong bus 搭错车
one of the most popular sports 最受欢迎的运动之一
a group of people 一群人
form an international organization 成立一个国际组织
put sth in low places 把某物放在低处
eat sth by mistake 误吃
put…away 把…收起来
ask for three days’ leave 请三天的假

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仁爱英语八下Unit1 Topic2知识点总结

Unit1 Topic 2



基本知识点:

1 do sb.a favor=helpb 给某人一个帮助=give sb a hand

2 one of+名词复数 …中的一个

3 fall ill 患病

4 be glad to +动词原形 :乐意做某事

5mind doing sth 介意做某事

6 have a game against Class Five 与五班比赛

7 would you mind doing

Would you mind not doing sth

8 practice +动词ing :练习做某事

9 be late for 做…迟到

10manage to do sth 设法做成某事

11 be always doing sth 总是做…. She is always helping others

12 do one’s best =try one’s best 尽力

13 keep doing sht 继续(坚持)做某事

14 be angry with sb 生某人的气

15 with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下

16 be sure to do 确信做某事 We are sure to win next time

17turn down 把….关小turn up 把…开大turn on 打开 turn off关闭

18be important to sb对某人是重要的 The book isn’t important to me

19 enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事

20 as well 用法与too相似 either 用与否定句末

21 so that 以便 为了 He gets up early so that he won’t be late for school.

So…that .. 如此…以至 He ran so quicky that he won the race

22 throw …into 把…投进

23 more and more 越来越..如better and better 越来越好

24 right away =at once =in a minute 立即

25 somewhere else 其他地方

26 throw …about 四处乱仍

27 instead 代替 常用于句尾

Instead of 代替常用于句首或句中

28 have (great )fun doing sth (非常)快乐地做某事 I have fun leaning English

29 shout at sb 朝某人吼

30 say sorry \hell0 \thanks \goodbye to sb

31 build sb\sth up

32 make one’s bed

33 take a seat

34 a 15-year –old boy







语言知识点

1. 询问某人是否介意做某事的句型及其回答。

----Would you mind ( not ) doing sth.?

----Not at all. /Of course not. / Certainly not. /Better not./You’d better not./Sorry.

2. will 表意愿的用法

Will you join us ?

3 . Could you please + V原形?

Topic 1 How are you feeling today

Unit 2 Keeping Healthy
Topic 1 How are you feeling today?

一、重点词组:
have a (bad/terrible) cold 患(重)感冒
have a toothache/backache/headache/stomachache 牙痛/背痛/头痛/胃痛
see a dentist/doctor 看牙医/医生
have a cough/fever 患咳嗽/发高烧
have the flu 得了流感
have sore eyes 眼睛发炎
have a sore throat 喉咙发炎
take/have a (good) rest (好好)休息
sleep well 睡得好
drink a lot of boiled water 多喝开水
lift heavy things 提重物
stay in bed 呆在床上
have a good sleep 好好睡一觉
feel terrible 感到难受
take sb. to… 带某人去……
take some medicine/ pills 吃药
day and night 日日夜夜
bad luck 倒霉
lie down 躺下
hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶
brush one’s teeth 刷牙
have an accident 出了事故/意外
send sb. to…. 送某人去……
take/ have a look at… 看一看……
not…until… 直到……才…..
get well 恢复健康
plenty of… 充足;大量
take off your coat 脱掉你的大衣
二、重点句型
You should see a dentist. 你应该看牙医。
You shouldn’t lift heavy things. 你不应该提重物。
You look pale. 你看起来气色不好,很苍白.
You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生.
You’d better not go to school today. 今天你最好不要去上学.
Thank you for your flowers and fruit. 谢谢你送来的鲜花和水果.
I couldn’t read them until today. 直到今天我才读了他们.
三. 重点语言点
身体某个部位 + ache,表身体某处疼痛。
如: headache 头痛 backache 背痛 stomachache 胃痛 toothache 牙痛
medicine “药” 为不可数名词
pill “药片” 为可数名词
如: take some medicine 吃些药 take some cold pills 吃些感冒药
with “含有…”
without “没有”
hot tea with honey 加蜜的茶 coffee with sugar and milk 加糖和牛奶
mooncake with eggs 含鸡蛋的月饼
Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶
Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。
until “直到……为止” ; 句中动词一般为延续性动词
not …until…. “直到……才…” ; 句中动词一般为短暂性动词
如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到10点为止.
He won’t leave until his father comes . 直到他父亲来他才离开.
both…and…. “……和……(两者)都”; 当主语时,谓语动词用复数.
如: I know both Jim and Tom. 吉姆和汤姆俩人我都认识.
Both Jim and I are 16 years old. 我和吉姆都是16岁.
plenty of… “充足;大量” 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词, 只用于肯定句,
相当于a lot of…/ lots of…
many “许多”, 修饰可数名词
much “许多”, 修饰不可数名词
如: You should drink plenty of /a lot of boiled water. 你应该喝大量的开水.
You shouldn’t drink so much water. 你不应该喝这么多水.
I have many/lots of/a lot of/plenty of books. 我有许多水.

四、交际用语
(一)询问病情
What’s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you ? 有什么不舒服?
How are you feeling now? 你现在感觉怎么样?
Do you have a cold? 你得了感冒了吗?
(二)诉说病情
1. I feel terrible./ I am feeling terrible. 我感到难受.
2. I have a headache/stomachache/…. 我头痛/肚子痛…..
3. I can’t sleep well at night. 我晚上睡不4. 好觉.
5. I cough day and night. 我日日夜夜地咳嗽.
6. But my left leg hurts when I move it. 但是当我移动时,我的左腿疼.
(3) 表示同(4) 情
1. I’m sorry to hear that.听到这事我感到难过.
2. That’s too bad. 那太糟了.
3. Bad luck. 倒霉.
(5) 表达建议
1. You’d better (not) do sth 最好(不2. )做某事.
3. You should/shouldn’t do sth 你(不4. ) 应该做某事.
5. Shall I take you to the hospital? 我带你去医院好吗?


Topic 2 Is it good for your health?

一、重点词组:
look tired 看起来很累
watch a soccer game on TV 在电视上观看一场足球赛
stay up 熬夜
keep long fingernails 留长指甲
wash hands before meals 饭前洗手
play sports right after meals 饭后适当运动
take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气
be necessary for… 对于……来说是必不可少的
keep you active 使你保持精力旺盛
in the daytime 在白天
throw litter about 乱扔垃圾
get enough sleep 得到足够的睡眠
exercise on an empty stomach 空腹锻炼
= without eating anything
need to do sth 需要做某事
get into 进入
become sick 生病
fight germs 抗击病菌
keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新
eat bad food 吃变质食物
sweep the floors 打扫地板
as we know 众所周知
have the right kinds of food 吃正确种类的(健康的)食品
choose the wrong food 选择错误的(不健康的)食品
in different ways 用不同的方法
make us sick 使我们生病
二、重点句型
I see. Staying up late is bad for your health. 我明白了. 熬夜有害你的健康.
(动名词短语做主语)
2. How did Wang Jun get a headache? 王俊怎样患上头痛的?
Is going to bed early good or bad for your health? It’s good.
早点睡觉对你的健康有益还是有害? 有益. (选择问句要根据事实回答)
Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health.散步是很好的锻炼,是身体健康必不可少.
It will keep you active in the daytime. 它(早睡早起)将使你在白天保持旺盛的精力.
You must not throw litter about. = Don’t throw litter about. 不要乱扔垃圾.
We may have more than one headache each month. 每月我们可能会不止一次头疼.
You may get a headache when you can’t get enough sleep.当你睡眠不足时,可能会头疼.
What does it mean when you have a headache? 头痛对你来说意味着什么?
The boy becomes sick. 那个男孩生病了.
As we know, food gives us enery. 众所周知,食物给我们提供能量.
If we eat too little or too much food, or if we choose the wrong food, it can make us sick.
如果我们吃得太少或太多, 或者食物的选择不当会生病的.
三. 重点语言点
1. be good for… 对……有益
be bad for… 对……有害
如: Swimming is good for health. 游泳对健康有益.
Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes. 在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害.
disease 通常指具体的病, 表 “特定的疾病、病名”
illness 通常指生病的状态或表抽象的疾病
如: Germs can cause diseases. 细菌会引发疾病。
SARS is a serious disease. 非典是一种严重的疾病。
Don’t worry about his illness. 别担心他的病。
exercise 表 “锻炼/运动”时, 为不可数名词;
表 “练习”或有定语修饰时, 为可数名词.
如: He often takes/does exercise in the morning. 他经常上午锻炼.
Please do the exercises at once.请马上做这些练习.
He does morning exercises every day. 他每天做早操
. Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的锻炼.
enough adj. “足够的”
修饰名词时, 既可放在名词之前, 也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前)
如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作.
There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物.
adv. “足够地” 修饰形容词或副词时, 均放在所修饰词的后面.
如: He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果.
He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚.
need “需要, 必需”
1 作实义动词: need sth. 需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事
如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助.
You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生.
He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车.
2 作情态动词: need + 动词原形
如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了.
You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工作.
6. too much + 不可数名词 表“太多的。。。”
much too + 形容词 表“太。。。”,much 起加强语气作用
如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多的肉。
He is much too fat. 他实在太胖了。
四.重点语法
情态动词:
①must “必须, 一定” 如: We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习.
mustn’t “不可以” 如: You mustn’t walk on the lawn. 你不可以在草坪上行走.
②should “应该” 如: We should finish it on time. 我们应该按时完成它.
shouldn’t “不该” 如: You shouldn’t go to school late. 你不该上学迟到.

③had better “最好” 如:You had better go to bed early.你最好早睡。
had better not “最好不” 如:You had better not go to bed late.
你最好不要迟睡。
④may “可以” 如: May I come in? 我可以进来吗?
“可能” 如: You may get a headache when you work too hard.
当你工作太努力时,你可能会头疼.


Topic 3 We should do our best to fight SARS.

一、重点词组:
talk with 与……交谈
hurry up 赶紧/快
go ahead = go on 继续(问)
spread easily 易传播
be afraid of… 害怕……
catch SARS 患上非典
do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事
fight SARS 抗击非典
keep away from animals 远离动物
do house cleaning 打扫屋子
go to crowded places 去拥挤的地方
all the time = always 总是/一直
examine the patients 检查病人
take a message 捎口信
take care of… 照顾……
= look after / care for
tell/ask sb. to do sth 叫某人做某事
call back 回电话
leave a message 留口信
take an active part in 积极参加
care for patients 照顾病人
save the patients 挽救病人
spend the time 度过时光
teach oneself 自学
help mother cook 帮助妈妈煮东西
on the phone/Internet 在电话中/在互联网上
enjoy oneself 过得愉快
tell sb. a story / stories 给某人讲故事
take some Chinese medicine 吃些中药
二、重点句型
We don’t have to be afraid of catching SARS. 我们没必要害怕患上非典。
Please tell my father to take care of himself. 请告诉我的父亲照顾好他自己。
Could you please ask her to call me back? 请叫她给我回电话好吗?
He took an active part in the battle against SARS. 他积极参加抗击非典的战斗。
He cared for the patients day and night. 他日日夜夜照顾病人。
It’s my duty to save the patients. 挽救病人是我的职责。
What do you think of Kangkang’s father? 你认为康康的父亲怎么样?
Long time no see! 好久不见!
You could cook for us next time. 下次你能为我们煮东西了。
三、重点语言点
talk with sb. 表 “与……交流” , 指 “与人平等地交流、讨论”
talk to sb. 表示 “找某人谈话” , 在口语中常 “责备某人”
如: Jim’s father is talking with the teacher. 吉姆的父亲正在和老师交谈.
I will talk to him about his careless. 我要找他谈话,批评他的粗心大意.
常用的反身代词词组:
take care of oneself = look after oneself 照顾某人自己
teach oneself = learn by oneself 自学
enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩得高兴
help sb (to) do sth = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
如: I helped my mother cook at home.
= I helped my mother with the cook at home. 我在家帮我母亲做饭.
四、重点语法
(一) 情态动词: must 与 have to
① must    "必须;一定”, 表示有做某一动作的必要或义务,侧重表达说话者的主观看法.(只有一种时态)
如:We must wash hands before meals. 饭前我们必须洗手.
We must eat healthy food. 我们必须吃健康的食物.
    
② have to   “不得不,必须”, 侧重表示因客观条件或客观环境的迫使而"不得不做某事".(可用于各种时态)
如:It’s too late. I have to go now. 太迟了.现在我得走了.
I had to borrow some money at that time. 那时我不得不借了一些钱.
*----Must we keep the windows open all the time?
----No, we don’t have to. / No, we needn’t. (注意回答时不能用No, we mustn’t.)
(二)电话用语:
Hello! Could /May I speak to…, please? 你好! 我能跟……通话吗?
May I take a message? 我能捎个口信吗?
This is Kangkang. 我是康康.
Hello! Who’s that? 你好! 你是谁?
Review of Units 1---2
break the window 打破窗户(玻璃)
get lost 丢失;迷路
on one’s way (to) 在….的路上
take the wrong bus 搭错车
one of the most popular sports 最受欢迎的运动之一
a group of people 一群人
form an international organization 成立一个国际组织
put sth in low places 把某物放在低处
eat sth by mistake 误吃
put…away 把…收起来
ask for three days’ leave 请三天的假

仁爱英语月考试卷 Unit1

客观题部分 55%

一.单项选择 20%

1.The Olympic Rings _______ the five parts of the world.

A. stand on B. stand for C. stand D. standing

2.He is too ______ . So he didn’t pass the exam.

A. care B. careful C. carefully D. careless

3.Jim is fond of ______

A. sing B. singing C. to sing D. sings

4.I’m trying to sleep. Would you mind ______ the music?

A. turn down B. turning down C. to turn down D. to turning down.

. 5. --- _______ do you watch TV. -----Twice a week.

A. How long B. How many C. How much D. How often

6.When the children saw the ______ film, they became________.

A. exciting, exciting B. excited, excited C. exciting, excited D. excited, exciting

7. Would you mind______ with me?

A. not to go B. not going C. to go D. to not go

8. When she was a _______ girl, she could ride a bicycle.

A. four-year-old B. four-years-old C. four year old D. four-year old

9. She prefers ______ basketball.

A. play B. to play C. playing D. plays

10. I see LiLei _______ English almost every morning.

A. read B. to read C. reading D. reads

11. They will _______ China the day after tomorrow.

A. leave for B. leave to C. take off D. take to

12. She spends _______ an hour in the gym every day.

A. on least B. at last C. at least D. for least

13.Swimming is a good way _______ fit.

A. keep B. to keep C. keeping D. keeps

14. Which sport do you prefer, skating _______ skiing?

A. but B. to C. or D. and

15. Walking is ______ legs and hearts.

A. good at B. good to C. good for D. good with

16. There ____ a basketball game in our school this afternoon.

A. will have B. is going to be C. are going to be D. is going to have

17. Doing sports ____ good ____ our health.

A. is, for B. are, to C. are, at D. is, to

18. Don’t worry. I’m sure ____ the test.

A. to pass B. passed C. pass D. passing

19. You did such a bad thing. We ____ you.

A. shame B. shame on C. sorry D. sorry for

20. ________ makes your body strong. A. Runing B. Running C. To run D. Runner



二、完形填空 (10%)

My favorite sport is 1 . I think playing soccer can 2 me strong. I often play soccer with my friends 3 my spare time. Last year I 4_ our school soccer club. My friends and I often have soccer games with other schools. And we are happy when we 5 a game. Beckham is my favorite 6 player. I 7 he is handsome and great. I’m going to be a great player like him when I grow up. That’s my 8 .

I also like table tennis. It’s our national 9 and most people in our country like it very much. I often 10 table tennis games on TV at home.

( )2⒈ A. basketball B. volleyball C. table tennis D. football

( )2⒉ A. keep B. help C. make D. get

( )2⒊ A. in B. on C. at D. with

( )2⒋ A. played B. won C. joined D. took part in

( )2⒌ A. watch B. win C. like D. lose

( )2⒍ A. basketball B. baseball C. volleyball D. soccer

( )2⒎ A. hope B. think C. am sure D. am afraid

( )2⒏ A. team B. player C. dream D. sport

( )29. A. sport B. game C. team D. dream

( )30 A. play B. win C. watch D. join

三、阅读理解 (15%)

阅读理解下面的短文,然后按要求答题。(a)

Swimming is very popular in the world. People like swimming in summer, even in the other three seasons. Water makes people feel cool and swimming makes people keep fit.

If you swim in a wrong place, it may not be safe. A lot of people died when they were enjoying themselves in the water, and most of them were students. Now some people are not careful enough in swimming. They often think they can swim so well that nothing will happen to them in water. If you go swimming in summer, don’t forget that a lot of good swimmers have died in water. They died not because they couldn’t swim, but because of their carelessness (粗心). Don’t get into water when you are alone. If there is a “No Swimming” sign, don’t get into water. If you remember these, swimming will be safe and enjoyable (舒服的).

根据短文内容,选出能完成所给句子的最佳答案。

( )31. ____ like swimming in summer.

A. Few people B. Lots of people C. Only students D. Only swimmers

( )3.2Swimming can make people keep ____ .

A. clean B. fat C. healthy D. thin

( )33. It’s ____ to swim in a wrong place.

A. wonderful B. interesting C. not safe D. not careful

( )34.Some swimmers died in water because they are ____ .

A. students B. children C. not strong D. too careless

( )35. If you go swimming, you shouldn’t ____ when you are alone.

A. get into water B. die in water C. swim too long D. swim too badly

(B)

Li Lei and Lin Tao are students of No. 3 Middle School. They are both soccer fans. Their favorite soccer player is David Beckham. Li Lei is good at playing soccer. He is on his school soccer team. The team practices playing soccer after school every day. On Sunday, they play a game with another school team. They often win because they are a very good team in the city. They wish to win the first this winter. But Lin Tao can’t play soccer. He only enjoys watching soccer matches, so he often goes with Li Lei’s team. He is always glad to see them win.

根据短文内容,判断下列句子的正(T)与误(F)。

( )36. There is a good soccer team in No. 3 Middle School.

( )37. Both Li Lei and Lin Tao like playing soccer very much.

( )38. David Beckham is a famous soccer player in the world.

( )39.Li Lei’s team often has matches with another school team on Sunday.

( )40. Lin Tao is a member of No. 3 Middle School soccer team, but Li Lei is not.

( C )

Basketball is very popular all over the world. Lots of people like playing it. But do you know how basketball came about?

The inventor of basketball is a gym teacher called Naismith. He was born in 1861 in Canada. It was winter and the students could not go outside, so Naismith wanted to find a new sport that could be played by the students indoors during the winter. Naismith thought hard, “I’ll use a ball in my new game. It should be a big ball. I’ll need a goal. .” “If I put it up high, the players will have to throw the ball up in the air.” Naismith then wrote the rules for his new game.

The first basketball game was played with a soccer ball and two baskets. At first, Naismith planned to use boxed as the goals. But there were no boxes around. There were only baskets. Those are what the students used for the first game. If they had had boxes, today we might all watch boxball games!

41. Naismith wanted to invent a new sport for his students because________

A. he was an inventor B. he liked sport

C. the students couldn’t go outside to do exercise in winter.

D. his students asked him to do so

42. The rules of basketball at that time were_______.

A. single B. excellent C. made by Naismith himself D. make by the students

43. At first, Naismith planned to use _____as the goals.

A. baskets B. boxes C. boards D. bags

44 What does the word “goal” mean in this article?

A. 分数 B篮板 C 篮框 D 篮球

45. What’s the best title for the passage?

A. Sport for winter B. The rules of basketball

C. How did basketball come about D. We like basketball

四、情景交际 (10%)

A.从右栏中选出与左栏相对应的答语。

( )⒈ How often do you go to the computer room? A. Of course. What’s it?

( )⒉ Could you please do me a favor? B. Good idea!

( )⒊ I’m sorry for losing your pen. C. Yes. Speaking.

( )⒋ Hello! May I speak to Mr Qiu, please? D. Twice a week.

( )⒌ What about going swimming after supper? E. It doesn’t matter. I’ll buy one again.

B.通读对话,根据上下文意思,选择可以填入相应空白处的五个答案。

A:Excuse me, Wan Zhaorong. __6__






A. How far do you usually run?

B. Why?

C. I have great fun running.

D. What are you going to be in the future?

E. Yes, of course.

F. What’s your favorite sport?

C. I have great fun running.

D. What are you going to be in the future?


B:A famous runner like Liu Xiang.

A:__7__

B:Because I like running a lot.

A:What do you think of running?

B:_8___ I feel well and look fit.

A:Do you run very morning?

B:__9__

A:__10__

B:I have a 3-miles run every morning.

主观题部分 45%

五.英汉互译 5%

1.see sb .do sth 2.play against

3.do one’s best 4. make one’s bed

5.全世界 6.相当多

7.相当好 8.关小

9.代替 10.代表



六.翻译下面的句子 10%

1.你介意不在此吸烟吗?Would you mind _________ _________ here?

2. 我马上到。 I _________ _______ there soon.

3. 姚明现在效力于NBA的休斯敦火箭队。

Yaoming is _________ _________ the Houston Rocketws in the NBA.

4. 我希望我们班赢。 I _____ our class will ______.

5. 让我们定在六点半。 Let’s ______ _______ at half past six.

6.他明天将要动身去上海。 He will _______ ____ Shanghai tomorrow.

⒎ 我将尽最大的努力来帮助你。 I’ll ____ my______ to help you.

⒏ 我长大了要当一名老师。 I’m going to be a teacher when I _______ ______

⒐ 我坐这儿你介意吗? Would you ______ my ________ here?

⒑ 她喜欢跳舞。 She is ______ _____ dancing.

七.句型转换 10%

1. I waited for her for a long time. (对划线部分提问)

________ _________ did you wait for her?

2. You must keep the windows closed. .(同义句)

_________ _________ the door.

3. There is a film on TV every day. (用tomorrow改写)

There _________ ________ a film on TV tomorrow

4. My favorite sport is skating. 对划线部分提问

________ ________ your favorite sport?

5. I’d like to play football. 改为一般疑问句

_______ you ________ __________ play football?

6. Do you prefer skating? 有skiing 改为选择疑问句

________ ________ you prefer, _______ ________ ________?

7. I will join the skiing club. 改为否定句

I ________ _______ the skiing club.

8. How about going hiking? (同义句)

_______ ________ going hiking?

八.用所给出单词的正确形式填空。10%

1. I want _________ (join) the Ren’ai English club.

⒉ We ______ (leave) school at about 5:00 yesterday afternoon.

⒊ Mary prefers singing to _________ (dance).

⒋ Swimming can keep your heart and lungs _________ (health).

⒌ Lin Tao is going to be a ________ (write) in the future.

6. Our team was the _________ (win) in the county volleyball matches this year.

⒎ Would you mind __________ (open) he window?

⒏ We Chinese people are very ________ (friend). We have friends all over the world.

⒐ Dr Bethune came to China from ________ (Canadian) in January, 1938.

10.I have to ________ (go) to the library.

九 写作 10%

根据下面句子的提示,写一篇关于 2008 Beijing Olympics 的文章,字数不少于

6. environment



__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



客观题部分55%

一.单项选择 20%
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20


B

D

B

B

D

C

B

A

B

A

A

C

B

C

C

B

A

A

B

B







二、完形填空 (10%)
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10


D

C

A

C

B

D

B

C

A

C







三、阅读理解 (15%)
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15


B

C

C

D

A

T

F

T

T

F

C

C

B

C

C





四、情景交际 (10%)
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10


D

A

E

C

B

D

B

C

E

A



五.1.看见某人做某事 2。 对抗,比赛 3 尽某人的能力 4。 整理床铺

5.all over the world 6. a lot of / lots of 7. pretty well 8. turn down

9. instead of 10. stand for

六. 1. not smoking 2. will be 3. playing for 4. hope win 5. make it 6. leave for

7. do best 8. grow up 9. mind sitting 10. fond of

七. 1. How long 2. Don’t open 3. will be 4. What is 5. Would like to

6. Which do skating or skiing 7. won’t join 8. What about

八. 1. to join 2. left 3. dancing 4. healthy 5. writer 6. winner 7. opening 8. friendly

9. Canada 10. go

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湘教版八年级英语Unit 2检测题

湘教版八年级英语Unit 2检测题
Keeping Healthy
(Time:45minutes Total Marks:100)

Class: Name: ___ Marks:

Listening Test Part(20分)

I. 听句子,选出你所听到的单词或短语。(5分)
( )1. A. once B. three tomes C. four times
( )2. A. Thursday B. Friday C. Saturday
( )3. A. have a good time B. have a good rest C. have the flu
( )4. A. eight B. seven C. six
( )5. A. clean B. healthy C. fresh
II. 听对话,选择最佳答案。(5分)
( )6. A. Nine to ten hours. B. About nine hours. C. About eight hours.
( )7. A. Yes, he does. B. Yes, he is. C. Yes, he isn’t.
( )8. A. School. B. Supermarket. C. Library.
( )9. A. Maria’s mother. B. Kangkang C. Maria.
( )10.A. Dancing. B. Singing. C. Playing computer games.
III. 听短文,选出正确答案。(10分)
( )11. Michael is a(n) ______ boy.
A. Chinese B. American C. Australian
( )12. Michael’s ______ is going to visit Tibet with him in July.
A. sister B. mother C. aunt
( )13. Michael is going to ______ first when his vacation starts.
A. Hongkong B. Beijing C. Macao
( )14. Michael is going to Hongkong ______.
A. by plane B. by sea C. By train
( )15. Michael hopes to visit ______ when he travels in China.
A. Hongkong B. Tibet C. A and B

Written Test Part(80分)

I.词汇理解。(5分)阅读并判断下列行为是否好习惯,好习惯前打“√”,不良习惯前打“×”。
( ) 1. Sleeping too late at night
( ) 2. Going out for a walk
( ) 3. Keeping long fingernails
( ) 4. Often do house cleaning.
( ) 5. Reading in the strong sunlight.
II.单项选择。(15分)
( ) 1. We should take care ______ ourselves.
A. with B. of C. for
( ) 2. Eating a lot of fruit and drink ______ water is good for your health.
A. a plenty of B. a plenty C. plenty of
( ) 3. You have a toothache. You’d better ______ hot food.
A. not to eat B. not eat C. not eating
( ) 4. If we ______ leave here, we should say sorry ______ him
A. have to, to B. will have to, to C. has to, for
( ) 5. Kangkang is sick. He coughs day and night. His mother ______ him.
A. worry about B. worried about C. worries about
( ) 6. –Thanks a lot. –______
A. Not so good. B. All right. C. You’re welcome.
( ) 7. It’s a hot day, keep all the windows ¬¬______ ,please.
A. open B. opened C. to open
( ) 8. )—Hi, May I ask you some questions, Mr. Green? --______
A. Yes, you may. B. Yeah, go ahead. C. Yes, you can’t.
( ) 9. This kind of diseases spreads easily______ people.
A. near B. between C. among
( ) 10. We should take ______ active part in the battle to stop the germs.
A. a B. an C. the
( ) 11. After eating some bad food, he became______.
A. strong B. well C. sick
( ) 12. –Hello! Could I speak ______ Dr Li, please? --Sure.
A. to B. with C. on
( ) 13. Flu can cause______ all the time.
A. headache B. toothache C. stomachache
( ) 14. It’s a useful way to teach _______ English on the Internet, I think.
A. your B. yours C. yourself
( ) 15. The boy’s mother kept______ him to wash his hands.
A. asked B. asking C. to ask
III.对话排序。(5分)正确排列下列句子,构成完整对话,首句已给出。
( A ) 1. A: What’s in the boy’s hand?
( ) 2. B: No, I don’t think so.
( ) 3. C: What’s he doing?
( ) 4. D: He is throwing litters about.
( ) 5. E: Is it a good habit?
( ) 6. F: A banana.
IV. 完型填空。(10分)
Peter lived 1 his mother in a very big house and when she died, the house became too big 2 him, 3 he bought a smaller one in the next street. There was a very nice old clock in 4 first house and when the men came to take his things to the new house for him. Peter thought,“I’m going to let them carry my beautiful old clock in their truck . Maybe they’ll 5 it and then it will be very expensive to repair. ”So he 6 and began to carry it down the road in his arms. It was heavy so he stopped two or three 7 to have a rest.
Then suddenly(突然地)a small boy came along the road. He stopped and 8 Peter for a few 9 . Then he said to Peter,“You are a foolish(愚蠢的) 10 , aren’t you ? Why don’t you buy a watch like everybody else ?”
( )1. A. and B. in C. to D. with
( )2. A. for B. with C. of D. to
( )3. A. and B. or C. but D. so
( )4. A. her B. his C. its D. him
( )5. A. broken B. broke C. break D. breaking
( )6. A. picking it up B. picking them up
C. picks it up D. picked it up
( )7. A. time B. timed C. times D. timing
( )8. A. looked at B. look for C. look after D. looks at
( )9. A. second B. seconds C. minute D. minutes
( )10. A. woman B. boy C. man D. girl
V. 阅读理解。(20分)
(A)
Jim, with his father, goes to see his grandfather. In the train Jim often puts his head out of the window. His father says, “Jim! Don’t put your head out of the window!” But Jim goes on putting his head out of the window.
Now his father takes Jim’s cap quietly, hides(藏) it behind his back and says, “You see your cap is gone(不见了).” Jim is afraid.
His father says, “Well, whistle(吹口哨) once. Perhaps your cap will come back.” Jim whistles. His father quickly puts the cap on Jim’s head.
“Oh! It is wonderful!” Jim laughs. He quickly takes his father’s cap and throws it out of the window. “Now it is your turn(轮到你啦) to whistle, Dad!” he says happily.
根据短文判断下列句子正误,对的打“T”,错的打“F”。
( ) 1.Jim and his father go to see his grandfather by bus.
( ) 2.Jim’s father tells him not to put his head out of the window.
( ) 3.Jim’s father takes Jim’s cap and hides it behind his back.
( ) 4.Jim doesn’t want to have his cap back.
( ) 5.Jim takes his father’s cap and throws it out of the window.

(B)
Long, long ago, there lived a rich man. He had a servant (仆人). He and the servant loved wine and good food very much. Each time the rich man left his home, the servant would drink the wine and eat up all the nice food in the house. The rich man knew what his servant did, but he had never caught his servant doing that.
One morning, when he left home, he said to the servant, “Here are two bottles of poison (毒药) and some nice food in the house. You must take off them.” With these words, he went out.
But the servant knew that the rich man had said was untrue. After the rich man was away from his home, he enjoyed a nice meal. Because he drank too much, he was drunk and fell to the ground. When the rich man came back, he couldn’t find his food and his wine. He became very angry. He woke the servant up. But the servant told his story very well. He said a cat had eaten up everything. He was afraid to be punished, so he drank the poison to kill himself.
根据短文内容选择正确答案。
( ) 6.In the story, ______ liked wine and good food very much.
A. the rich man B. the servant C. both A and B D. neither A nor B
( ) 7.The rich man knew that it was _____ that drank the wine and ate up all the nice food.
A. the cat  B. himself C. nobody D. the servant
( ) 8.The rich man told the servant that there was poison in the two bottles, because______.
A. there was in fact poison in the bottles
B. did not want the servant to drink his wine
C. he wanted to kill the cat
D. he wanted to kill the servant
( ) 9.In fact, ______ ate all the nice food and drank the wine.
A. the servant B. cat C. the rich man D. nobody
( ) 10.From the story, we know that the servant is very _______.
A. lazy  B. bad  C. clever  D. kind
VI. 句型转换。(10分)
1、There are over 40 students in my class.(变为同义句)
There are ________ ________ 40 students in my class.
2、Please tell my mother to look after herself. .(变为同义句)
Please tell my mother ________ ________ ________ ________ herself.
3、You’d better cook for us next time. (改写为否定句)
You ______ ______ ______ ______ for us next time.
4、Must we stay here for a long time.(作否定回答)
______, we ________.
5、She has some cakes and a glass of milk for breakfast. (对划线部分提问)
______ ______ she ______ for breakfast?
Ⅶ. 书面表达。(10分)
根据图示和对话内容,在对话的空白处填上适当的词汇或短语,使对话意义完整。


Jane: Hey, Kangkang. You look pale. __1__ wrong?
Kangkang: Well, I feel very tired and have a headache.
Jane: I’m sorry __2__ that. Did you go to bed late last night?
Kangkang: Yes. I watched a football game __3__ last night,
and I went to bed very late.
Jane: You’d better __4__ a doctor.
Shall I take you to the hospital?
Kangkang: No, thanks. I’ll take some medicine.
Jane: I see. Then you should go to bed early tonight, and you’ll __5__ tomorrow.
Kangkang: Right! I will have a good rest tonight.

1、¬¬_____________ 2、_____________ 3、_____________ 4、_____________ 5、_____________



Unit 2听力材料及答案

I. 听句子,选出你所听到的单词或短语。(5分)
1.The doctor told me to take the pills three times a day..
2.He played football two hours last Saturday afternoon.
3. You’d better lie down and have a good rest.
4.Drink at least eight cups of water every day..
5.We must eat healthy food .
II. 听对话,选择最佳答案。(5分)
6. M: Lucy, how many hours do you sleep every night?
W: Nine hours, I think. What about, Tom?
M: About eight hours.
Q: How many hours does Tom sleep every night?
7. W: How long are you staying here, Mike?
M: I’m staying here for 7 days.
Q: Mike is staying here for a week, isn’t he?
8. M: Sally, let’s exercise together.
W: Sorry, Mike. I have to go shopping later.
Q: Where will Sally probably go?
9. W: How often do you drink milk , Kangkang?
M: I drink milk every day, and you, Maria?
W: I don’t like to drink milk. But my mother likes it.
Q. Who doesn’t like to drink milk, Kangkang, Maria or Maria’s mother?
10. W: What do you like best,Jim?
M. Playing computer games. How about you, Jill?
W: I like singing.
Q:What does Jim like best?
III. 听短文,选出正确答案。(10分)
Michael is happy today. He got an e-mail from his aunt. She works in Hongkong and is going to visit Tibet in July. She asked Michael to go sightseeing with her. Michael never travel in China. He hopes to visit Tibet. And he knows Hongkong is a beautiful city. He hopes to travel there, too. He asks his father to order the ticket from New York to Hongkong, so he can go there by plane when his summer vacation starts.

听力部分参考答案
I.1~5 BCBAB
II.6~10 CBBCC
III.11~15 BCAAC
笔试部分参考答案
I. 1~5 ×√×√×
II. 1~5 BCBAC 6~10 CABCB 11~15 CAACB
III. 2~6 FCDEB
IV. 1~5 DADBC 6~10 DCADC
V. 1--5. FTTFT 6~10 CDBAC
VI. 1. more than 2. to take care of 3. had better not cook 4. No; needn’t 5. What does; have
Ⅶ. 1. What’s 2. to hear 3. on TV 4. go to see 5. feel better

Topic3 We should do our best to fight SARS.

Topic3 We should do our best to fight SARS.
Section A
同步课堂
一. 听课文录音,完成对话。(每空1词,共10分)
( Kangkang is watching TV in the living room. His mother is in the ______. His father, Dr. Lee, is talking with a journalist on Tv.)
Kangkang: Mom, come _________. Dad is on TV! _________ up !
Mom: OK, I’m coming.
Journalist: Hi, may I ask your some questions, Dr. Lee?
Dr. Lee: __________, go ___________.
Journalist: SARS ___________ easily among people. What should we do to fight it ?
Dr. Lee: Well, we don’t have to be ________ of __________ SARS. We must eat healthy food and do more ___________. We must not go to __________ places.
Journalist: I think so . We should do our best to fight SARS.
二. 句型转换:(每空1词,共10分)
1. We did morning exercises yesterday.(改为否定句)
We ________ ________ morning exercises yesterday.
2. They talked with each other on the Internet. (对划线部分提问)
________ _______ they talk with each other ?
3. Must we keep the window open all the time ?(作否定回答)
No, you don’t ______ _________.
4. They took good care of the old.(改为同义句)
They looked _______ the old ________.
5. Don’t be afraid of SARS. (改为同义句)
Don’t be afraid _____ _______ SARS.
经典再现
单选题(共10分)
( )1. This kind of shoes looks______ and sells_________.
A. nice; good B. well; well C. nice; well D. good; nice
( )2. who taught _________ English last term ?
A. our B. us C. ours D. we
( )3. These apples taste delicious. I would like ___________.
A. two more B. the other C. more two D. another more
( )4. We are tired. Let’s stop _______ a rest.
A. having B. have C. had D. to have
( )5. we saw many flowers on ______ of the lake.
A. both sides B. all sides C. either side D. each sides
( )6. --- What______ the weather _____ like this weekend ?
--- It ________ rainy.
A. will ;be; will like B. will; /; will be
C. will; be; will be D. is; look; is
( )7. The famous writer______ Chongqing the day before yesterday.
A. got B. reached C. arrived D. came
( )8. I’m afraid I can’t wait any longer. I want to ____ here. I will _______ Beijing tomorrow
A. leave; leave for B. leave for; leave to
C. leave to ; leave D. leave for; leave
( )9.The farms are busy _____ ready for the next year.
A. to get B. getting C. got D. gets
( ) 10. _________ terrible cough !
A. How B. What a C. What D. How a
拓展训练
短文填空(每空一词,共20分)
One day, Kangkang was watching TV in the living room. His mother was _________ the kitchen. Suddenly, Kangkang saw his father , Dr. Lee, was talking _______ a journalist on TV. So Kangkang asked his mother to _______ off to see it.
The journalist said that SARS spread easily__________ people and asked what we should do_________ fight it. Dr. Lee told us not to be ____________ of catching SARS. We must eat ___________ food and do more ________. We must not go to crowded_____________. The journalist agreed with him and said we should do our best to _________ SARS.
中考回眸
1.(2004年上海徐汇区中考试题)
These _________ have saved many children’s lives.
A. woman doctors B. women doctor
C. women doctors D. woman doctor
2. (2004年河北省中考试题)
This is _________ bedroom. The twin sisters like it very much.
A. Anne and Jane B. Anne’s and Jane’s
C. Anne’s and Jane D. Anne and Jane’s
3. (2004年吉林省中考试题)
---Are there any ________ on the farm?
---Yes, there are some.
A. horse B. duck C. chicken D. sheep
4. (2004年佛山市中考试题)
---What would you like to drink, ________ or orange?
---Orange, please.
A. hamburger B. chip C. tea
5. (2004年北京市中考试题)
---Which is ________, the sun, the moon or the earth? ---Of course the moon is.
A. small B. smaller C. smallest D. the smallest
6. (2004年上海徐汇区中考试题)
He has made _______ progress this term than before.
A. little B. less C. fewer D. much
7. (2004年江西省中考试题)
---What delicious cakes! ---They would taste _______ with butter.
A. good B. better C. bad D. worse
8. (2004年河北省中考试题)
Bob never does his homework ________ Mary. He makes lots of mistakes.
A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as
Topic3 We should do our best to fight SARS.
Section B
同步课堂
一.根据情景,完成对话。(10分)
Tina: Hello, this is Tina___1___.
Mike: Hi, Tina. This is Mike. There will be a basketball___2__in our school tomorrow afternoon.___3___you like to come?
Tina: Great. I’d like to. Who are you going to play___4__?
Mike: A ___5_from No.5 High School.
Tina: When and where shall we meet?
Mike: Let’s meet outside the school gate at 3∶00 p.m.
Tina: OK, see you then. Bye.
1. __________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. _________ 5. ________
二. 句型转换:(每空1词,共10分):(每空1词,共10分)
1. You should take this medicine three times a day.(对划线部分提问)
__________ __________ should I take this medicine?
2. Jim speaks English very well.(改为感叹句)
______ ________ Jim speaks English!
3. Maria’s mother will go to work by bike next week. (对划线部分提问)
__________ and __________ will Maria’s mother go to work?
4. Can you help me? (变为同义句)
Can you __________ me a __________?
5. What’s wrong with you? (变为同义句)
__________ the __________ with you?

经典再现
单选题(共10分)
( )1. The second-hand camera is much ______ than that new one.
A. cheap B. cheaper C. dear D. dearer
( ) 2. There is going to ______ a basketball match on the playground
this afternoon.
A. has B. have C. be D. is
( ) 3. — Water skiing and surfing are my favorites. How about you?
—I ______ surfing to water skiing.
A. think B. agree C. like D. prefer
( ) 4. — Would you like to go shopping with us?
    —______
A. Yes, I’d like to. B. Yes, I like to. C. Yes, I like. D. No, I can’t.
( ) 5. — Mum, I want to learn how to swim. Who can help me?
    — You can ______ yourself.
A. enjoy B. come C. teach D. learn
( )6. John Smith is ______ of the two young men.
A. the stronger B. stronger C. strong D. the strongest
( ) 7. The smile on my father’s face showed that he was ____ with me.
A. sad B. pleased C. angry D. happy
( ) 8. An apple a day is good ______ your health.
A. at B. of C. in D. for
( )9 I wonder ______ our teacher will come to the party or not.
A. that B. when C. whether D. of
( ) 10. Could you please ______ loudly?
A. don’t speak B. not to say C. not talk D. can’t tell
拓展训练
短文填空(每空一词,共20分)
Kangkang wanted to speak to his father _______ the phone, but Dr. Lee was very ______ at that __________. Miss Hu answered the telephone, she told Kangkang that his father was examining the _________. So kangkang told Miss Hu to _________ a message to his father . He asked his father to take ___________ of __________. His mother and he ________him very much. Miss Hu told Kangkang _______ she ________ give the message to Dr. Lee.
中考回眸
1. (2004年北京海淀区中考试题)
I’m interested in animals, so I ____ every Saturday working in an animal hospital.
A. pay B. get C. take D. spend
2. (2004年安徽省中考试题)
---Listen Helen is singing in the next room.
---It _________ be Helen. She has gone to Beijing.
A. can’t B. mustn’t C. may D. should
3. (2004年江西省南昌市中考试题)
---I called you yesterday evening, but there was no answer.
---Oh, I am sorry I _________ dinner at my friend’s house.
A. have B. had C. was having D. have had
4. (2004年哈尔滨市中考试题)
---How long have you _______ the motorbike? ---For about two weeks.
A. bought B. had C. borrowed D. lent
5. (2004年上海市徐汇区中考试题)
About ________ students in our class can describe that place in English.
A. three-fifths B. three-fifth C. third-five D. third-fifths
6. (2004年河北省中考试题)
Nine _______ pounds a week? That’s very good.
A. hundred of B. hundreds of C. hundreds D. hundred
7. (2004年北京市海淀区中考试题)
We often have sports after class, and I like to play _______ basketball.
A. a B. an C. the D. 不填
8. (2004年江西省中考试题)
This is _______ song I’ve told you about. Isn’t it _______ beautiful one?
A. the; the B. a; a C. the; a D. a; the

Topic3 We should do our best to fight SARS.
Section C
同步课堂
一. 听课文录音,完成对话。(每空1词,共10分)
Kangkang’s father is a _______. When SARS, a kind of ________ disease, _______ in Beijing, he took an ______ part in the battle _______ it. He left his wife and son to work in the Xiaotangshan Hospital. He ________ for the patients day and night. He couldn’t go home and he could only talk with his family on the phone. “Do you ______ your family ?’ asked a __________. “Yes, of course. But I’m a doctor. It’s my _______ to _______ the patients. Doctor Lee answered.
二. 句型转换(每空一词,共10分)
1. Kangkang’s father is a doctor.(对划线部分提问)
________ does Kangkang’s father ________ ?
2. Kangkang talked with his father on the phone. (对划线部分提问)
________ ______Kangkang talk with his father ?
3.I like to play the piano when I’m free. (变为同义句)
I like to play the piano in my _________ _____________.
4. He learned Japanese by himself . (变为同义句)
He _______ __________ Japanese.
5.I will buy him some medicine. (变为同义句)
I will _________ some medicine _________ him.
经典再现
单选题(共10分)
. ( ) 1. He speaks English ______ than any other student in his class.
A. better B. good C. well D. best
( ) 2. The old man ______ , and he wants to see a doctor now.
A. has fever B. have a fever C. has a fever D. has fevers
( ) 3. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students ______ at once.
A. stopped to talk B. stopped talking
C. stop to talk D. stop to talking
( ) 4. I have ______ books to read.
A. too many B. many too C. too much D. much too
( ) 5. It ______ him nearly two hours to do my homework yesterday.
A. spent B. used C. paid D. took
( ) 6. It’s difficult ______ this work today.
A. to finish B. finish C. finishing D. finished
( ) 7. Remember ______ your dictionary next week.
A. to take B. to bring C. bring D. to get
( ) 8. You’d better ________ in the sun. It’s bad for your eyes.
A. read not B. not reading C. not read D. don’t read
( ) 9. I liked sports ______ I was young.
A. because B. while C. if D. when
( ) 10. ---What were you doing this time yesterday?
---I was teaching ______ English ______ the internet.
A. I, on B. myself, on C. me, at D. mine, through
拓展训练
短文填空 :根据图示或短文内容在下面短文中填写词语,每个空格只能填写一个单词,使填写后的句子通顺完整,并与图意相符。(每空一词,共20分)

Mr Green likes fishing with his son. Jim. But he often fishes for hours without catching anything. One day, they were  1  in a boat, fishing. As usual, a long time passed, but Mr Green didn't catch ____2__. Jim didn't want to wait any longer and he thought out a good  3 . He wrote a letter and  4  into the water. Under the water he put the letter onto the fishhook(鱼钩). Mr Green felt the fishhook  5  down. He thought he had  6  a fish. He raised(提起) the fishing stick happily. __7___ the same time Jim went  8  to the boat. Mr Green was  9  to see a letter from the fish hook. It read,“We are not going to  10 today.” Now Jim was very pleased.
中考回眸
1. (2004年北京市中考试题)
Mary, please show ________ your picture.
A. my B. mine C. I D. me
2. (2004年北京市中考试题)
---What’s on TV tonight? Is there _________ interesting?
---I’m afraid not.
A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything
3. (2004年上海徐汇区中考试题)
________ of them has his own opinion.
A. Both B. Some C. Every D. Each
4. (2004年安徽省中考试题)
---Where is my pen?
---Oh, sorry. I have taken _______ by mistake.
A. yours B. his C. mine D. hers
5.(2004年北京市中考试题)
---When will Mr Black come to Beijing?
---___________ September 5.
A. On B. To C. At D. In
6. (2004年吉林省中考试题)
---I like riding fast. It’s very exciting.
---Oh! You mustn’t do it like that, ________ it may have an accident.
A. and B. or C. so D. but
Topic3 We should do our best to fight SARS.
Section D
同步课堂
一.根据情景,完成对话。
A. We can write a story about it to the TV station and the newspaper.
B. That’s terrible!
C. Good idea.
D. I found the factory was pouring waste water into the river near it.
E. Yes. Why?
F. Oh, I went to a paper factory.

Jim: I called you, but you weren’t in your office.
Tom: (1)________
Jim: What did you do there?
Tom: (2)________. The river became very dirty. Lots of fish died.
Jim: (3)________.
Tom: Do you think we should do something?
Jim: Yes, of course. (4)_________.
Tom: (5)_________. Businessmen are afraid if newspapers and TV stations.
1._____ 2. _____ 3._____ 4._____ 5. ______
二句型转换(每空一词,共10分)
1. He used to go out for a walk after supper.(改为否定句)
He__________ __________ to go out for a walk after supper.
2. I did housework at home last Sunday. (对划线部分提问)
________ did you ________ at home last Sunday?
3. I had a good time at the party. (变为同义句)
I __________ __________ at the party
4. He is so old that he can care for himself.(变为同义句)
He is old __________ to __________ care of himself.
5. Can you tell me how I can get to the museum? (变为同义句)
Can you tell me _________ __________ get to the museum?
经典再现
单选题(共10分)
( ) 1 He couldn’t remember ______.
A. what happened to him B. what he happened
C. when did the train leave D. where he has been
( ) 2 You _____ wash your hands before meals. It is good for your health.
A. may B. can C. have to D. must
( ) 3 Why don’t you try on this dress? It ______ nice on you.
A. is looking B. looks C. look D. will look
( ) 4. Can you come to my party ______ Wednesday evening?
A. in B. at C. on D. for
( ) 5. I like playing __ tennis, but I don’t like playing ___ piano.
A. /;/ B. /;the C. the; the D. the;/
( ) 6. He ______ his soccer everywhere, but he didn’t ______ it.
A. look for, found B. looked for, find
C. looked after, find out D. looked at, found
( ) 7. Would you mind ______ the window? It’s very cold.
A. to close B. closed C. close D. closing
( ) 8 Could you ______ me how to ______ this word in English?
A. tell, speak B. speak, say C. tell, say D. say, speak
( ) 9. I’m very sorry I took your ring ______ mistake.
A. by B. over C. through D. about
( ) 10. He spends a lot of money ______ stamps.
A. on B. for C. in D. by
中考回眸
1. (2004年上海徐汇区中考试题)
_________ useful computer it is!
A. What B. What a C. What an D. How
2. (2004年嘉兴市中考试题)
---________ is it from Jiaxing to Hangzhou?
---I’m not sure, but it takes about ninety minutes to get there by bus.
A. How many B. How often C. How much D. How far
3. (2004年河北省中考试题)
---_______ will it take us to get there by bus? ---About two hours.
A. How soon B. How often C. How long D. How quick
4. (2004年长沙市中考试题)
---Help! There is a snake near the house. ---________ afraid. It will go away later.
A. Don’t B. Not C. Don’t be D. Be
5. (2004年北京市中考试题)
Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2002.
A. where does she live B. Where she lives
C. where did she live D. where she lived
6. (2004年上海市徐汇区中考试题)
Would you please tell me ________?
A. when did he come home B. where he would play football
C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn’t watch the game
7. (2004年哈尔滨市中考试题)
I don’t know when __________.
A. will the train leave B. the train will leave
C. would the train leave D. the train leave
8. (2004年常州市中考试题)
---We don’t know _____________.
---It is said that he was born in Sweden.
A. what he is B. if he lives here
C. where he comes from D. which country is he from

八年级英语完形填空与阅读理解

八年级英语完形填空与阅读理解

一、完形填空(40分)
A
Jack lost(丢失)his Job last week. It was difficult for him to find another  1 .  2 told him that it was possible(可能的) to get a new one in a town two hundred kilometers 3  . He decided to get there  4 . So he went to the railway station and got 5   a train. He was the only one in the car(车厢). The train started. Suddenly a man came in  6  a gun(枪) and said to him,“Your money  7  your life!” Jack sat there without  8 up.
  “I  9   any money,”Jack answered.
  “Then why are you so afraid of me?”the man asked angrily.
  “Because I  10  you were the conductor, and I didn’t buy a ticket,”answered Jack.
( )1、A.work    B.jobs      C.ones     D.one
( )2、A.Nobody    B.Somebody    C.Anybody   D.No one
( )3、A.from      B.farther     C.away     D.off
( )4、A.by bike    B.on foot     C.by train     D.by bus
( )5、A.off      B.on       C.up       D.to
( )6、A.with      B.has      C.have     D.there was
( )7、A.but     B.and      C.so      D.or
( )8、A.stands     B.standing    C.stood     D.stand
( )9、A.don’t have    B.have no     C.didn’t have    D.had
( )10、A.know     B.didn’t know   C.think     D.thought

B
During the day we work and play, and at night we sleep. Our bodies rest while we are __11__. In the morning we are ready____12___ again. Our bodies grow ____13____ while we are asleep. Children who are tired usually ___14___ sleep. We can get better at our lessons ___15___ we have had plenty of rest. Boys and girls who are eight or nine years old need ten hours of sleep every night. Our bodies need plenty of ____16___ when we sleep. If we do not get enough fresh air, we ____17___ tired when we wake up. While in bed we must not cover our ____18___. Our lungs(肺) need to get enough fresh air. If we ___19___ our windows at night, we can have plenty of fresh air. Cool air is better than warm air. Boys and girls who want to be ___20___ must get plenty of sleep.
( )11.A.asleep B. sleep C. rest D. play
( )12.A. to work and play B. working and to play
C. to work and playing D. working and playing
( )13.A. much B. more C. most D. slow
( )14.A. can B. may C. need D. must
( )15.A. while B. before C. as D. after
( )16.A. air B. sun C. water D. food
( )17.A.felt B. will feel C. are feeling D. has felt
( )18.A. foot B. arm C. head D. body
( )19.A. open B. close C. draw D. use
( )20.A. happy B. interested C. helpful D. healthy

二、阅读理解(60分)
A
Many students in China are learning English. Some of these students are small
children. Others are teenagers(十几岁的青少年). Many are adults. Some learn at school, others study by themselves. A few learn English language (语言)over the radio, on television, or in films. One must work hard to learn another language.Why do all these people want to learn English? It is difficult to answer that question. Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. They study their own language and maths and English ... Some people learn English because it is useful for their work. Many people often learn English for their higher sutdies, because at college or university(大学) some of their books are in English. Other people learn English because they want to read newspaper and magazines in English.
( )21. Many students in China are learning English, aren't they? ____.
A. No, they aren't B. No, they are
C. Yes, they are D. Yes, they aren't
( )22. If one wants to learn another language well, he must ____.
A. learn at school B. study by himself
C. work hard D. study hard
( )23. The sentence "It is difficult to answer that question" means ____.
A. that question is not difficult to answer
B. that question is difficult to answer it
C. it is difficultly to answer that question
D. it is hard to answer that question
( )24. "Their own language" means ____.
A. Chinese B. English C. French D. Japanese
( )25. What's the Chinese of "study by themselves"?
A. 和他们一起学习 B. 自学
C. 向他们学习 D. 通过学习

B
Once upon a time, there lived a rich man. He had a servant (仆人). He and the servant loved wine and good food very much. Each time the rich man left his home, the servant would drink the wine and eat up all the nice food in the house. The rich man knew what his servant did, but he had never caught his servant doing that.
  One morning, when he left home, he said to the servant, “Here are two bottles of poison (毒药) and some nice food in the house. You must take of them.” With these words, he went out.
  But the servant knew that the rich man had said was untrue. After the rich man was away from his home, he enjoyed a nice meal. Because he drank too much, he was drunk and fell to the ground. When the rich man came back, he couldn’t find his food and his wine. He became very angry. He woke the servant up. But the servant told his story very well. He said a cat had eaten up everything. He was afraid to be punished(惩罚), so he drank the poison to kill himself.
( )26.In the story, _______ liked wine and good food very much.
  A. the rich man   B. the servant   C. both A and B   D. neither A and B
( )27.The rich man knew that it was _______ that drank the wine and ate up all the nice food.
  A. the cat      B. himself     C. nobody     D. the servant
( )28.The rich told the servant that there was poison in the two bottles, because ________.
  A. there was in fact poison in the bottles
  B. did not want the servant to drink his wine
  C. he wanted to kill the cat
  D. he wanted to kill the servant
( )29.In fact, _______ ate all the nice food and drank the wine.
  A. the servant    B. cat    C. the rich man   D. nobody
( )30.From the story, we know that the servant is very _______.
  A. lazy    B. bad    C. clever    D. kind

C
Everyone likes living in a clean and comfortant environment. If the envionment(环境) are bad, it will affect(影响)our body, and make us not feel well. Sometimes we may be terribly ill. At that time we don’t want to work, and we have to stay in bed and rest at home. So the envrionment is very important to us.
It’s germs that makes us ill. There are germs everywhere, They are very small and you can’t find them with your own eyes, but you can see them with a microscope(显微镜)They are very small and there may be hundreds of them on a very small thing, Germs can always be found in dirty water. When we look at dirty water under the microscope, we shall see them in it. Germs can also be found in air and dust(灰尘). If you cut your finger, some of the dust from the floor may go into it, and you will have much pain in it. Sometimes the germs will go into all of your boby, and you will have pain everywhere.
To keep us healthy, we should try to our best to make our environment become cleaner and tidier. This needs us to act together.
31.The writer tell us that________.
A. we like working when we are ill
B. germs can’t live in the water.
C. we can’t feel ill if the environment is bad.
D. we feel well when the environment is good.
32.Germs are________.
A. very small things that you can’t see with your eyes.
B. the things that don’t effect people.
C. the things that you can find with your eyes.
D. the things that are very big.
33. Where can germs be found? They can be found_________.
A. on the small thing B. in air and dust
C. only in dirty water D. everywhere
34.How will you feel if germs go into the finger that is cut?
A. I will feel nothing. B. I won’t mind.
C. I will feel tense. D. I will feel painful.
35. From the passage we know that________.
A. environment doesn’t affect our life
B. we don’t need to improve our environment
C. germs may make us ill
D. if the environment is better, germs will be more.

D
If you go into the forest with friends, stay with them .If you don’t, you may get lost. If you do get lost, this is what you should do.
Sit down and stay where you are. Don’t try to find your friends. Let them find you. You can help them to find you by stay in one place.
There is anther way to help your friends or other people to find you. Give them a signal(信号)outing or whistling (吹口哨) three times. Stop. Then shout or whistle three times again. Any signal given three times is a call for help.
Keep on shouting or whistling, always three times togher. When people hear you, they will give two shouts or two whistles. When a signal is given twice, it is an answer to a call for help.
If you don’t think that you will get help before night comes, try to make a small room with branches.(树枝)
What should you do if you get hungry or need drinking water ? You would have to leave your little branch room to look for something to eat and drink. Don’t just walk away. Pick up small brunches and drop them as you walk so that you can find your way back.
The most important thing to do when you are lost ---stay in one place.

根据文章判断正(T)、误(F)
( )36.If you get lost in the forest, you should walk everywhere to find your friends as soon as possible.(尽快)
( )37.You can keep on shouting or whistling always three times toghether for help.
( )38.When you hear two shouts or whistles, you know that people will come to help you.
( )39.You can’t go anywhere even when you feel thirsty(口渴的) or hungry.
( )40.You can find your way back to your branch room easily without leaving any branches as you walk.

Key:
1---10 DBCCB ADBAD 11----20 AABCD AACAD
21----25 CCDAB 26----30CDBAC 31----35 DADDC 36----40 FTTFF