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仁爱英语 资源共享:英语冠词考题15例

英语冠词考题15例(有详解)


1. Which city in England do you think may be called _______ Shanghai of _______ West?
A. a; the B. the;不填 C. the; the D. 不填; the
2. Dr. Smith wants ________ assistant with ________ good knowledge of English.
A. the; the B. an; the C. an; a D. 不填; 不填
3. —What does her uncle do?
—He is a professor of ________ university and he is ________ honest man.
A. the;an B. a;a C. an;an D. a; an
4. You made the same mistake for _____second time, dropping _____ “n” in the word “government”.
A. a; the B. a; a C. the; an D. a; an
5. It’s quite obvious that the aging population in China will cause _____heavy pressure on _____whole society in the future.
A. a; a B. the; 不填 C. a; the D. 不填; the
6. The poet and ________ writer is going to give us a talk this afternoon.
A. a B. the C. 不填 D. an
7. Her husband was put into________ prison, and she had to go to________ prison once a month to visit him.
A. a; the B. the; the C. 不填; 不填 D. 不填; the
8. Wu Dong is________ taller of________ two brothers.
A. 不填; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. the; the
9 The teacher is standing ________ of the teacher’s table, which is ________ of the classroom.
A. in front; in front B. in front; in the front
C. in the front; in the front D. in the front; in front
10. I am in ________ charge of the class which was in ________ charge of my wife.
A. 不填; the B. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 D. the; the
11. The warmth of________ sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ________ wool used.
A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填
12. As _____rule, apples are sold by _____weight and eggs by _____dozen.
A. a; 不填; the B. a; the; the C. a; a; the D. the;不填;不填
13. In________ winter of 1990, he went abroad on ________ business.
A. 不填; 不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; the D. the ;a
14.—Judging from _____number of the cars, there are not many people in the club.
—I think so. People would rather stay at home in such _____bad weather.
A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填 C. the; a D. a; a
15. The sign reads, “In case of ________ fire, break the glass and push ________ red button.”
A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. a; a



答案解析
1. C。the West (西方、西洋)是固定搭配;指类似于…的人或物时,专有名词前用冠词,而Shanghai又受of the West修饰,所以用the。
2. C。第一空 an 用于以元音音素开头的词前;第二空泛指有英语知识的人。
3. D。不定冠词 a 用于以辅音音素开头的词前(指发音而不是字母),如:a university;而 an 用于以元音音素开头的词前,如 an uncle / an honest man.
4. D。第一空是序数词前用a表示“又一”;辅音字母n, f, h, l, m, n, r, s, x和元音字母a, e, i, o的读音,均以元音开头,所以第二空填an。
5. D。第一空是泛指用a, a heavy pressure意为“一种很大的压力”;当whole修饰单数名词表示“全(部的), 整个的”时,前面用one’s或the,又如the whole evening / truth整个晚上 / 全部真相。
6. C。and 并列的是同一事物同一人同一概念时,其后面的名词前不用冠词。
7. D。比较:put into prison=坐牢;go to the prison=去监狱。
8. D。“the +形容词比较级+of the two +名词复数”结构表示:两者中较怎样的一个。
9. B。in front of=在……前面(指范围之外);in the front of=在……前部(指范围之内)。
10. A。in charge of 的意思是“负责”、“管理”,其主语通常是人;in the charge of 的意思是“由……负责或管理”,其主语通常是物。
11. B。第一空特指毛衣暖和程度,用定冠词;第二空后的名词表示织毛衣用的羊毛,属泛指,故不用冠词。
12. A。as a rule(通常地)是固定词组;在度量名词前,表示付工资、卖、租等方式时,用the,又如paid by the hour / day / month / piece, sold by the yard / dozen / ton,比较by weight(按重量)。
13. B。如果表示季节、月份的名词被一个限制性定语修饰,其前就得加定冠词;而 on business 是固定搭配,中间不用冠词。
14. A。the number of “…的数量”;weather与fun, news, advice, information等均为不可数名词,无论什么情况,都不可直接与a连用。
15. B。fire 为“火灾”,不确指,用零冠词;而 red button 指 sign上的红按钮,故为特指,用定冠词。

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