赶紧收藏吧!: bookmarkBookmark and Share




仁爱英语 资源共享:陈述句变感叹句全解

陈述句变感叹句全解
一、如何快速掌握感叹句?

学会分析五种基本句型的句子成分是快速掌握感叹句的关键,陈述句变感叹句实际上就是句子成分位置的移动。



例1 She is smiling sweetly.

→How sweetly she is smiling!(移动状语)



二、哪些句子成分可能会移动位置?

通过对句子成分的分析我们就可以确定哪个句子成分需要挪动位置,一般说来含有形容词的名词短语、形容词短语和副词短语需要变动位置。位置可能会变动的句子成分:宾语、表语和状语。



例2 Mr Turner told us a funny story.

→What a funny story Mr Turner told us!(移动宾语含有形容词的名词短语)



三、如何确定使用what还是使用how?

当我们做句型变换或选择题时需要自己确定到底是用what还是用how,一般可以这样来确定:位于主语之前的是名词短语时用what,是形容词或副词短语时用how。但这种格式例外: how + adj. + a/ an + N



例3 What a cool bike you are riding!(a cool bike 名词短语)

例 4 How fast he is riding!(fast 副词)

例 5 How cool a bike you are riding!(how + adj. + a/ an +N)



四、如何判断是否使用冠词、使用什么样的冠词?

名词的复数形式和不可数名词之前不使用冠词,以元音音素开头的词语之前用an,以辅音音素开头的词语之前用a。



例6 What beautiful sunshine it is today!(sunshine 不可数名词)

例7 What a useful book this is!(useful 以辅音音素开头)

例8 What an old house that is!(old 以元音音素开头)



五、感叹句有哪几种格式?

简单地说是“两型七式”:两种句型是以what开头的句型和以how开头的句型,七种格式是

① what + a + adj. + N+ S +V

② what + an + adj. +N +S +V

③ what + adj. + N(不可数) + S +V

④ what + adj. + N(可数名词复数形式)+ S+V

⑤ how + adj.+ S +V

⑥ how + adv. + S + V

⑦ how + adj. + a/ an + N + S+V



例 What exciting news it is!(what + adj. + N(可数名词复数形式)+ S + V结构)

例9 What good teachers they are!(what + adj. + N(可数名词复数形式)+ S+V结构)

例10 How warmly they are discussing!(how + adv. + S + V结构)

例11 How beautiful a picture it is!(how + adj. + a/ an + N + S + V 结构)



六、以what开头的句型和以how开头的句型怎样进行转换?

这两种句型之间的转换主要是指以下两种情况而言的:

⒈含有“a/ an + adj. + N ”结构的句子方法是把形容词单独抽出来放在名词短语的前面和how搭配使用。

⒉名词短语作主语而表语是形容词的句子方法是把主语当作“a/ an + adj. + N”结构的中心名词而用人称代词充当主语。



例12 What an expensive glass he broke! →How expensive a glass he broke!

例13 How beautiful the birds are! →what beautiful birds they are!

(说明:N代表名词,未特别说明者代表可数名词的单数形式,S代表主语,V代表动词)



七、在感叹句中哪些词语常常省略?

常常省略的是充当主语的人称代词和动词be。



例14 What a naughty boy!(省略了he is)



八、有什么巧妙的办法记住这些规律吗?

以上的解释说明似乎很复杂,其实理清了思路、抓住了要领、掌握了规律并不是那么难的。为了便于同学们记忆我把以上规律编成了一段顺口溜,请同学们对照阅读。



陈述句述事实,

感叹句表感情。

陈述变成感叹句,

主谓系表先分清。

宾语状语移句首,

表语亦须打头阵。

名词之前用what,

形副之前how先行。

复数名词无冠词,

事先分析莫轻心。

如果名词不可数,

摒弃a, an不留情。

冠词a, an要分明,

清音辅音是标准。

句子结构要完整,

标点符号亦变更。

总结规律进步快,

编个歌诀给你听。



巩固练习

一、选择题

⒈ ____ delicious the dish is!

A. What  B. How   C. What a

⒉ ____ strange clothes he is wearing!

A. What a   B. What   C. How a

⒊ ____ an interesting subject it is!

A. What   B. How    C. What an

⒋ ____ foggy it was yesterday!

A. What   B. What a   C. How

⒌ ____ careless a boy you are!

A. How   B. What a   C. What



二、把下列的句子改为感叹句。(答案不唯一)

⒈ A: Jill is drawing a beautiful picture.

B: ___________________________

⒉ A: Mr Wang is a busy man.

B: ___________________________



⒊ A: The cat is very happy.

B: ___________________________



⒋ A: The tractor is going very slowly.

B: ___________________________



⒌ A: He is very lucky.

B: ___________________________



⒍ A: It is a wet day today.

B: ___________________________



⒎ A: They started early.

B: ___________________________



⒏ A: They waited a long time.

B: ___________________________



⒐ A: He is wearing a large shirt.

B: ___________________________



⒑ A: The dolphin is playing happily.

B: ___________________________



KEY

一、

⒈ B ⒉ B ⒊ C ⒋ C ⒌ A

二、

⒈ What a beautiful picture Jill is drawing!/ How beautiful a picture Jill

is drawing!

⒉ What a busy man Mr Wang is!/ How busy a man Mr Wang is !

⒊ How happy the cat is!/ What a happy cat it is!

⒋ How slowly the tractor is going!

⒌ How lucky he is!

⒍ What a wet day it is today!/ How wet a day it is today!

⒎ How early they started!

⒏ What a long time they waited!

⒐ What a large shirt he is wearing!/ How large a shirt he is wearing!

⒑ How happily the dolphin is playing!

0 评论:

发表评论

相关文章