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仁爱英语 资源共享:感叹句用法点拨

感叹句通常用来表示快乐、痛苦、惊异等强烈的感情色彩。


一、感叹句的基本句型

常见的有how和what开头的两种形式。how用于修饰形容词、副词或动词;what用于修饰名词。


1. How + 形容词(副词) + 主语 + 谓语。例如:
How beautiful the flower is! 这花多漂亮啊!
How fluently he speaks English! 他英语说得多流利啊!


2. How修饰动词,构成"How + 主语 + 谓语"句式。例如:
How time flies! 时间过得真快呀!


[典型考题]
-You haven't been to Beijing, have you?
-______. How I wish to go there! (NMET1998) (划线项为答案,其他同)
A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I haven't
C. No, I have D. No, I haven't


3. "How + 形容词(副词)"(省略主语和谓语)。


[典型考题]
-Guess what! I came across an old friend at the party last night.
-______ I'm sure you had a wonderful time.(2004辽宁)
A.Sounds good! B.Very well.
C.How nice! D.All right.


4. What (a) + 名词。例如:
What fun! 多么有趣啊!


5. What (a) + (形容词)名词 + 主语 + 谓语。


[典型考题]
______ role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar. (2002上海春季)
A. How interesting B. How an interesting
C. What interesting D. What an interesting


二、感叹句的其它句式


1. so, no wonder等引起的感叹句。


[典型考题]
① Happy birthday, Alice! So you have ______ twenty-one already!(2004天津)
A. become B. turned
C. grown D. passed


② -Brad was Jane's brother!
-______ he reminded me so much of Jane!(2004浙江)
A. No doubt B. Above all
C. No wonder D. Of course


2. 陈述句式感叹句。例如:
There is danger ahead! 前面有危险。


[典型考题]
-It'll take at least 2 hours to do this!
-Oh, ______! I could do it in 30 minutes.(2005天津)
A. come on B. pardon me
C. you are right D. don' t mention it


3. 一般疑问句式感叹句。例如:
Would you believe it! 这事简直令人难以相信!


4. 特殊疑问句式感叹句。例如:
How can you be so silly! 你有多傻!


5. 祈使句式感叹句。例如:
Look out! Iceberg! 危险!冰山!


6. as if和if only引导的感叹句。例如:
As if he would ever go! 他才不会去呢!
If only the doctor arrives in time! 但愿医生能及时赶到!


7. 不定式感叹句。例如:
To sell such a suit as that to a millionaire! 把这样一套西服卖给一个百万富翁!

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