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期中考试复习题纲

期中考试复习题纲
期中考试复习题纲

一.短语集锦
1. why don’t…do sth=why not do sth为什么不做某事
2. be full of=be filled with充满
3. look forward to doing sth期望做某事
pay attention to doing sth注意…
be/get to used to doing sth习惯于做某事
4. see sb off为某人送行
5. in the beginning=at the beginning of=at first首先
in the end= at the end of=at last最后
6. push one’s way out挤出去
7. treat sb to sth用某物招待某人
8. go on a visit/trip to…去…参观/旅游
9. the best way to do…做…的最好方式
10. come up with想出
11. places of interest 名胜
12. be able to do sth有能力做某事
13. be on=put on上映
14. care for=look after=take care of照顾
15. what… do with=how …deal with怎样处理
16. fail to pass an exam未通过考试
17. fit in被他人接受
18. get along with sb与某人相处
19. play the role of扮演…的角色
20. prepare for sth=get ready for sth/to do sth准备做某事
21. ring up=telephone=call打电话
22. take turns to do sth轮流做某事
23. try out 试用,试验
24. in high spirits精力充沛
25. on one’s /the way home在(某人)回家的路上
26. make a decision to do sth=decide to do sth作决定做某事
27. too +形容词+ to+ do=so+形容词+that+ 从句
28. be satisfied with=be pleased with对…感到满意
29. be tired of=be bored with对…感到讨厌
30. flash through one’s mind闪过某人的脑海
31. slap sb on the +部位: 拍某人相应部位
32. warn sb about /against sth提醒某人做某事
33. avoid doing sth避免做某事
34. be afraid of doing sth=be afraid to do sth害怕做某事
35. encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人做某事
36. learn …by heart用心记,熟记
37. knock into撞到
38. go/walk across=cross横过`
39. how do you like=what do you think of你觉得…怎样?
40. what be …like=how be… 是什么样?
41. give up doing sth=stop doing sth停止做某事
二.词汇辨析
1. alone单独的;
lonely孤独的
2. v-ed修饰人
v-ing修饰物
3. forget doing sth忘记做了某事
forget to do sth 忘记去做某事
4. see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事
see sb to do sth 看见某人做了某事
5. some day某天
some days 一些天
6. some time某时
sometimes 有时;some times几倍
7. some用于肯定句
any用于否定和疑问句
8. 修饰可数名词:few, a few
修饰不可数名词:little ,a little
记忆方法:有a表肯定,无a表否定
9. Sb spend money/time on sth或 (in)doing sth
It take sb time to do sth
Sth cost sb money
Sb pay money for sth
10. in+方位词: 在…范围内
to+方位词: 两地相邻但不接壤
on+方位词:两地相邻并接攘
11. be/get used to doing sth习惯于做某事
used to do sth过去常常做某事
12. think of 认为
think about想到
think over仔细考虑
三.语法聚焦
1. 状语从句
①原因状语从句:引导词有because(因为…所以…),since(既然),as(由于)等
eg: Because it was very cold,he put on a coat before he went out.
As he didn’t know the answer,he didn’t put up his hand.
Since you know that,I don’t want to tell you again.
②结果状语从句:引导词有so(如此),so…that…或so that(如此…
以致…)
eg:He got up late this morning,so she came late
The child is so lovely that ereryone likes him very much.
③时间状语从句:引导词有when,while,as,as soon as(一…就…),before,after,until 等;其中,when后接
短暂性动词,也可用延续性动词;而 while常跟延续性动词,且常
用进行时;as多用于口语,表“一边…,一边…”
④条件状语从句:由if(如果),unless(如果…不…)等引导
eg:If you work hard,you’ll pass the exam easily.
I will help him unless he cheats me .
语法规则:在时间和条件状语从句中,主句用了一般将来时,从
句要用一般现在时代替一般将来时;其它情况下,主
从句时态应保持一致。

2. 动词不定式:to+动词原形(详见课本124页)
3. 系表结构:连系动词+表语(形容词)
 连系动词: 如  be动词;感官动词look,sound,smell,taste,feel;状态词become,get,turn,grow,keep,stay等
4.比较的用法
  ①同级比较:as+adj/adv(原级)+as
not so/as+adj/adv(原级)+as
②比较级:adj/adv(比较级)+than
5,make的用法
make+宾语+形容词
make+宾语+动词原形
make+宾语+名词
eg: Don’t make your mother sad.
Don’t make me wait too long.
The teacher made me a monitor.
一.短语集锦
1. why don’t…do sth=why not do sth为什么不做某事
2. be full of=be filled with充满
3. look forward to doing sth期望做某事
pay attention to doing sth注意…
be/get to used to doing sth习惯于做某事
4. see sb off为某人送行
5. in the beginning=at the beginning of=at first首先
in the end= at the end of=at last最后
6. push one’s way out挤出去
7. treat sb to sth用某物招待某人
8. go on a visit/trip to…去…参观/旅游
9. the best way to do…做…的最好方式
10. come up with想出
11. places of interest 名胜
12. be able to do sth有能力做某事
13. be on=put on上映
14. care for=look after=take care of照顾
15. what… do with=how …deal with怎样处理
16. fail to pass an exam未通过考试
17. fit in被他人接受
18. get along with sb与某人相处
19. play the role of扮演…的角色
20. prepare for sth=get ready for sth/to do sth准备做某事
21. ring up=telephone=call打电话
22. take turns to do sth轮流做某事
23. try out 试用,试验
24. in high spirits精力充沛
25. on one’s /the way home在(某人)回家的路上
26. make a decision to do sth=decide to do sth作决定做某事
27. too +形容词+ to+ do=so+形容词+that+ 从句
28. be satisfied with=be pleased with对…感到满意
29. be tired of=be bored with对…感到讨厌
30. flash through one’s mind闪过某人的脑海
31. slap sb on the +部位: 拍某人相应部位
32. warn sb about /against sth提醒某人做某事
33. avoid doing sth避免做某事
34. be afraid of doing sth=be afraid to do sth害怕做某事
35. encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人做某事
36. learn …by heart用心记,熟记
37. knock into撞到
38. go/walk across=cross横过`
39. how do you like=what do you think of你觉得…怎样?
40. what be …like=how be… 是什么样?
41. give up doing sth=stop doing sth停止做某事
二.词汇辨析
1. alone单独的;
lonely孤独的
2. v-ed修饰人
v-ing修饰物
3. forget doing sth忘记做了某事
forget to do sth 忘记去做某事
4. see sb doing sth看见某人正在做某事
see sb to do sth 看见某人做了某事
5. some day某天
some days 一些天
6. some time某时
sometimes 有时;some times几倍
7. some用于肯定句
any用于否定和疑问句
8. 修饰可数名词:few, a few
修饰不可数名词:little ,a little
记忆方法:有a表肯定,无a表否定
9. Sb spend money/time on sth或 (in)doing sth
It take sb time to do sth
Sth cost sb money
Sb pay money for sth
10. in+方位词: 在…范围内
to+方位词: 两地相邻但不接壤
on+方位词:两地相邻并接攘
11. be/get used to doing sth习惯于做某事
used to do sth过去常常做某事
12. think of 认为
think about想到
think over仔细考虑
三.语法聚焦
1. 状语从句
①原因状语从句:引导词有because(因为…所以…),since(既然),as(由于)等
eg: Because it was very cold,he put on a coat before he went out.
As he didn’t know the answer,he didn’t put up his hand.
Since you know that,I don’t want to tell you again.
②结果状语从句:引导词有so(如此),so…that…或so that(如此…
以致…)
eg:He got up late this morning,so she came late
The child is so lovely that ereryone likes him very much.
③时间状语从句:引导词有when,while,as,as soon as(一…就…),before,after,until 等;其中,when后接
短暂性动词,也可用延续性动词;而 while常跟延续性动词,且常
用进行时;as多用于口语,表“一边…,一边…”
④条件状语从句:由if(如果),unless(如果…不…)等引导
eg:If you work hard,you’ll pass the exam easily.
I will help him unless he cheats me .
语法规则:在时间和条件状语从句中,主句用了一般将来时,从
句要用一般现在时代替一般将来时;其它情况下,主
从句时态应保持一致。

2. 动词不定式:to+动词原形(详见课本124页)
3. 系表结构:连系动词+表语(形容词)
 连系动词: 如  be动词;感官动词look,sound,smell,taste,feel;状态词become,get,turn,grow,keep,stay等
4.比较的用法
  ①同级比较:as+adj/adv(原级)+as
not so/as+adj/adv(原级)+as
②比较级:adj/adv(比较级)+than
5,make的用法
make+宾语+形容词
make+宾语+动词原形
make+宾语+名词
eg: Don’t make your mother sad.
Don’t make me wait too long.
The teacher made me a monitor.

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