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仁爱英语 资源共享:关于like的用法

like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。


  1、like 作动词,表示一般性的"爱好、喜欢",有泛指的含义。如:

    Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?

    like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:

    She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)

    She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)

    like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:

    Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?

    "喜欢某人做某事"可以用结构"like sb to do sth/doing sth"。如:

    They all like me to sing/singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。


  2、like 作介词,可译成"像......"。如:

    She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。

    It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。


  3、区分以下句子:

    A. What does he look like?

    B. What is he like?

    A句译为"他长相如何?"指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为"他人怎么样?"指人的性格特点。

    C. The boy like Peter is over there.

    D. A boy like Peter can't do it.

   A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。

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