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仁爱八年级英语上Unit 3 Topic 1 Section B

Unit 3 Topic 1 Section B
一、学习内容
1.Jane and her father的对话,学习关于收集有关英语的话题。
2.学习被动语态。
二、学习要求
1.必会生词和短语
on business出差
be similar to…和……相似
translate…into…把……翻译成……
have no/some trouble (in) doing sth.做某事没有/有些困难
once in a while=sometimes/at times偶尔,间或
whenever=no matter when无论何时
2.必会主要句型
(1) Is English spoken as the official language in Cuba?
(2) Is Spanish similar to English?
(3) It is possible that you will have some trouble.
(4) It’s used as the first language by most people in America, Canada, Australia ,Great Britain and New Zealand.
它被美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、英国和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。
三、本节课的学习要点及考点
重点句型:
1. Be similar to 和。。。相似
Your bike is similar to mine.
你的自行车和我的相似。
Her little dog is similar to yours.
她的小狗和你的差不多。
2. it’s possible + that 从句 … 是有可能的
it’s possible that he will buy a new car.
他有可能买辆新车。
3.Have trouble/difficulty in doing sth.
做某事有麻烦/困难
I have some difficulty in working the math problem.
我解出这道数学难题有点困难。
4. Translate … into … 把。。。翻译成。。。
Please translate the sentence into English.
请把这些句子翻译成英语。
5.once in a while 偶尔
while 为名词,一会儿,一段时间
常见的有: after a while 过了一会儿,
for a while 一会儿 all the while 一直,总是
6. Whenever 每当, 无论何时相当于no matter when
此结构为“特殊疑问词+ever”= “no matter + 特殊疑问词”,
类似的有: whatever = no matter what 无论什么
Wherever= no matter where 无论哪里
Whoever = no matter who 无论谁
四、学习过程
(一)课前预习
1.课前预习课本P55-56
2. .课前预习 同步练习与测试 Unit 3 Topic 1 Section A练习
3. 练一练
1、.我将去古巴出差.
2、在古巴英语被作为官方语言吗?
3、西班牙语和英语一样吗?
4、可能你要有一些麻烦
1.I’m going to Cuba on Business
2. Is English spoken as the official language in Cuba?
3. Is Spanish similar to English?
4. It is possible that you will have some trouble.
(二).课堂探究
被动语态
被动语态的构成:
助动词be+及物动词的过去分词
助动词Be的变化是通过人称、数和时态的变化表现出来的。
English is spoken as the first language in America.
主动语态变被动语态的方法
(1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
(2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。
(3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如:
All the people laughed at him.
He was laughed at by all people.
They make the bikes in the factory.
The bikes are made by them in the factory.
He cut down a tree.
A tree was cut down by him
(三) 提高 拓展的练习
用所给单词的适当形式填空。
1. The Great Wall is (know) all over the world.
2. There are three English words “ (make) in China” on the watch.
3. —Which language is widely (speak) in the world?
—I think English is.
4. A translator is person who (translate) one language into another.
5. Most of the time, they have no trouble (understand) the language of the country where they are traveling.
1.  known 2. made 3. spoken 4. translates 5. understanding

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