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仁爱八年级英语上Unit 3 Topic 1 Section A

Unit 3 Topic 1 Section A
一、学习内容
1.Kangkang 等四人的对话,学习了解Disneyland和英语的使用的话题。
2.学习被动语态。
二、学习要求
1.重点单词和短语
Stick to, one day, can’t wait to do, be ready for, practice doing sth, language,
Throughout the world, from now on, character.
2.主要句型
(1) I will able to see more cartoon characters.
(2) Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world.
(3) I can’t wait to fly there1
(4) you’ll have a good chance to practice speaking English there.
(5) English is spoken as the first language in America
三、本节课的学习要点及考点
重点句型:
1.You can stick it on the wall in your room. 你可以把他粘在你房间的墙上.
Stick v. 粘住
Please stick this picture on the wall. 请把这幅画粘在墙上。
Stick to +n 坚持,坚守某种观点,主张
He sticks to his decision. 他坚持自己的决定。
Stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事
She sticks to running every morning. 她坚持每天早上跑步。
n. 木棍,枝条
walking stick 手杖
2. I can’t wait to fly there. 我迫不及待地想飞到那儿去了。
Can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地做某事
We can’t wait to see our favorite movie star. 我们迫不及待地想看我们最喜欢的明星。
3. you’ll have a good chance to practice speaking English there.
你在那儿将有机会练习说英语
Practice doing sth. 练习做某事
She often practices playing the piano. 她经常练习弹钢琴。
Have a chance to do sth 有机会做某事。
I have a good chance to go abroad. 我有个出国的好机会。
Have no chance to do sth. 没机会做某事
She has no chance to go to school. 她没机会去上学。

4. It’s also widely used throughout the world now. 它现在在全世界也被广泛使用。
Throughout the world 全世界,与all over the world , around the world 同义。
I have friends throughout the world. 我朋友遍天下。
5. Try your best and work much harder from now on.
尽你最大努力,从现在开始要更加努力学习。
Try one’s best = do one’s best 尽力做某事
I try my best to help them. 我尽力帮助他们。
Try to do sth. 试着做某事(还没做)。He tried to climb the tree.(还没爬)
Try doing sth. 试着做某事(已经做了). He tried climbing the tree.(已经爬上了)
四、学习过程
(一)课前预习
1.课前预习课本P53—54.
2.课前预习 预习单词,搜集有关Disneyland的信息,了解英语的应用。
3.小试牛刀:
①.请把这张图片粘在墙上。
②.我希望有一天我能到美国去。
③. 我迫不及待地想去看望我的祖父。
④.英语被广泛的使用。
参考答案:
①. Please stick this picture on the wall.
②. I hope I can go to the USA.
③. I can’t wait to go to see my grandpa.
④. English is widely used.
(二).课堂探究
被动语态:
1.被动语态由"助动词be+及物动词的过去分词"构成。人称、数和时态的变化是通过be的变化表现出来的。
2.被动语态的用法
 (1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。
例如:Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道电脑是谁偷的)
This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。
 (2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。
  例如:The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。
  This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。
 Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。
3.主动语态变被动语态的方法
 (1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
 (2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。
 (3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如:
All the people laughed at him.
He was laughed at by all people.
They make the bikes in the factory.
The bikes are made by them in the factory.
He cut down a tree.
A tree was cut down by him.
(三) 提高 拓展的练习
把下列句子变为被动语态:
1. Children usually like Mickey Mouse
2. Some factories pollute the rivers around us.
3. Every year the farmers plant many trees on those hills.
4. She always eat fresh fruit and vegetables .
5. Millions of people enjoy Disneyland.
参考答案:
1. Mickey Mouse is liked by children.
2. The rivers around us are polluted by some factories.
3. many trees are planted by the farmers every years.
4. Fresh fruit and vegetables are eaten by her.
5. Disneyland is enjoyed Millions of people.

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