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仁爱八年级英语上Unit 4 Topic 1 Section B

Unit 4 Topic 1 Section B
一、学习内容
1.了解古代建筑。
2.学习表达具体的长宽等。
二、学习要求
1.必会主要生词和短语
wonder, live, treasure, underground, palace, the Summer Palace, west, king
2.必会主要句型
(1) I think Emperor Qin’s Terracotta warriors are one of the greatest wonders of the world.
(2) It is in Egypt. Long ago a king built it as his tomb.
(3) It is in France. It was built for the International Exhibition of Paris in 1889.
(4) It stands in New York. It was a gift from France.
3. Master the usage of Tag Questions:
(1) You visited Emperor Qin’s Terracotta Warriors last week, didn’t you?
(2) The builders used live models, didn’t they?
(3) There are many treasures in Qin Shihuang’s Underground Palace, aren’t there?
4. Talking about Measurement:
(1) The Xi’an City Wall is about 13.7 kilometers long.
(2) It is 12 meters high.
(3) It’s 15-18 meters wide.
三、本节课的学习要点及考点
1.order sb. To do sth. 命令,嘱咐某人做某事。
The doctor ordered her to stay in bed.
2.The builders used live models, didn’t they?
Live 活的,有生命的
Live fish 活鱼
这是一个反意疑问句。英语中,反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。
注意:反意疑问句前后两部分谓语应是,“肯定陈述+否定疑问”或“否定陈述+肯定疑问”简略问句如果是否定式,not应与be,do,will等系动词、助动词、情态动词缩写简略问句的主语不用名词,应用人称代词当说话者的目的不在疑问,而是为了加强语气时,用降调当说话者的目的在疑问,则用升调陈述部分含“too...to”时,是否定句1) 陈述部分的主语是I,疑问部分要用 aren't I.I'm as tall as your sister,aren't I?(我和你姐姐一样高,对吗?)2) 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。I wish to have a word with you, may I?(我希望可以和你说话,可以吗?)3) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。The Swede made no answer, did he / she?Some plants never blown (开花), do they ?
陈述部分有have to +v. (had to + v.),疑问部分常用don't +主语(didn't +主语)。We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don't we?4) 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn't +主语或 usedn't +主语。He used to take pictures there, didn't he? / usedn't he?5) 陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn't you?You'd better read it by yourself, hadn't you?6) 陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn't +主语。He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn't he?7) 陈述部分有You'd like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn't +主语。You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you?8) 陈述部分有must 的疑问句,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。He must be a doctor, isn't he?You must have studied English for three years, haven't you? / didn't you?He must have finished it yesterday, didn't he?9) 感叹句中,疑问部分用be +主语。What colours, aren't they?What a smell, isn't it?
3.It stands in New York.
Stand 动词,位于,矗立于
His house stands on a hill.
4.Do you know more information about it?
More 更多的,附加的,用于通常放在数词后。
Can you wait for two more hours?
5.The Xi’an City Wall is about 13.7 kiolmeters long.
表计量的句式: 主语+be(is,are) + 表数量的名词 (meter/kilometer/ feet/ 等 ) +表性质的形容词 ( long/ wide/ high/ deep 等) ,表示“某物有多长/ 多宽 / 多深”。
The blackboard is 4 meters long and 2 meters wide.
The tree is 3 meters tall.
四、学习过程
(一)课前预习
1.课前预习课本P95—96.
2. .课前预习 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section B练习
(二). 提高 拓展的练习
I.完成下列反意问句。
1.Jane never does her best to study, ____ ____?
2.There are few treasures in the tomb, ____ ____?
3.They didn’t go swimming yesterday, ____ ____?
4. Li Lei isn’t a worker, is he? ____, he is a student.
5.Lucy doesn’t come from London, does she? ____, ____ ____. (否定回答)
1.does she 2.are there 3.did they 4.Yes 5.No, she doesn’t.
II.单项选择。
1.—He didn’t watch TV last night, did he?
--- __________. He was busy doing his homework.
A. Yes, he didn’t. B. No, he did. C. Yes, he did. D. No, he didn’t.
2.Lucy, you didn’t clean the blackboard today, ________?
A. do you B. did you C. will you D. can you
3.The lady couldn’t say a word when she saw the snake, _______?
A. could the lady B. couldn’t the lady C. could she D.couldn’t she
4.Miss Wang will never forget her first visit to Canada, _________?
A. will she B.won’t she C.isn’t she D.wasn’t she
5.Han Mei is 1.68 meters ____.
A.long B.high C. tall D.heavy
1---5 D B C B C
(三)课后复习
1、复习课本P95—96.
2、完成 同步练习与测试 Unit 4 Topic 3 Section B练习

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