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Keeping healthy

Topic 1 How are you feeling today?


1. have a cold/a toothache /a fever/a cough/a backache/a stomachache/a sore throat /the flu /sore eyes


2. take a rest=have a rest 休息

3. not read for too long 不要看书太久

4. boiled water 开水

5. stay in bed 卧病在床,躺在床上

6. have a good sleep 好好睡一觉

7. feel terrible 感觉难受

8. day and night 日日夜夜

9. You`d better=You had better 你最好-------

10. not so well 很不好

11. not too bad 没什么大碍

12. much better 好多了

13. go to see a doctor 去看病

14. take /have some medicine 吃药

15. take------to----- 把--------带到--------

16. send------to------- 把-------送到-------

17. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

18. lie down 躺下

19. look after=take care of 照看,照顾

20. brush teeth 刷牙

21. have an accident 发生一次意外/事故

22. don`t worry 别担心

23. worry about 担心--------

24. nothing serious 没什么严重,没什么大碍

25. check over 诊断,仔细检查

26. thank you for------------ 因--------而感谢你

27. buy------for---- 为------买------

28. not------until---- 直到-------才----

29. ice cream 冰淇淋

30. both----and--- ------和-------都是----

31. take some cold pills 吃感冒药

32. plenty of 许多,大量


1. What`s wrong with you/him/her?你/他/她怎么了?

同一句:What`s the matter with-------?

What`s the trouble with------?

2.You should see a dentist.你应该去看牙医。这是一种表达建议的句子。还可以用以下句式: you`d better(not)-------how /what about--------why not/don`t you --------

3.I`m sorry to hear that.听到这个消息我很难过。这是表示同情别人的句子。

4.You look pale.你看起来很苍白。(1)在英语中表示气色不好,苍白,不用whit,而用pale

(2)“look ”在这里译作“看起来”,作连系动词,后接形容词。如:

You look beautiful。你看起来很漂亮。与look用法相同的连系动词还有 tast ,sound ,smell ,feel 。如:

The soup tastes very delicious .这汤尝起来真香。

Your voice sound nice.你的声音听起来很动人。

The flowers smell sweet .这些花闻起来很香。

The silk feels smooth 丝绸摸起来很光滑。

5.------Shall I take you to the hospital?我送你去医院吧?

-------No,thank you.不用,谢谢。

Shall I do----需要我做-------吗?

take sb to-----------把某人送到某地

6. I`ll take some medicine and see how it goes. 我打算先吃药看看情况再说。

“goes”在这里指事情的进展。“it ”用来代指病情。如:

How is everything going?一切进展如何?

Everything is going well.一切进展顺利。

7.You`d better drink hot tea with honey.你最好喝加蜂蜜的热茶。

tea with honey 加了蜂蜜的茶,with表示一种伴随状态。类似的表达还有:

some coffee with sugar and milk加了牛奶和糖的咖啡

some tea without sugar不加糖的茶

8.Michael had an accident yesterday.昨天迈克发生了事故。

had an accident发生了事故

9.But my left leg still hurts when I move it.可是当我挪动脚时,还是有点儿疼。


my head hurts.

10.Your X-rays show it`s nothing serious.你的X光照片显示没什么严重的问题。

nothing serious 没什么严重的。nothing ,something ,anything等不定代词,被形容词修饰时,形容词位于其后。如:

I have something important to say.我有一些重要的事情要说。

11.Stay in bed and don`t move your leg too much.躺在床上,不要总是挪动你的腿。

12.Michael`s friends bought some chocolate for him .迈克的朋友给他买饿一些巧克力。

buy sth for sb.双宾语的运用。使用双宾语时,在人宾前需要使用介词,有时用“to”有时用“for ”,这与动词本身有关,表示动词的方向,多用“to”,表示动词的目的,多用“ for ”

give sth to sb. pass sth to sb.

bring sth to sb. take sth to sb.

cook sth for sb. buy sth for to sb .

13.------but I couldn`t read them until today.但是直到今天我才读了它们。

not ----until直到------才-------until 在肯定句动词一般用延续性动词,在否定句中动词一般为短暂性动词。如:

He will wait for his father until ten o`clock.他将等他父亲一直到10点钟。

He won`t leave until his father comes.他直到他父亲回来才离开。


1、 had better 的形式和用法

1) 固定短语had better具有情态意义,也可以看作情态动词。译为“最好”,它只有一种形式,没有人称和数的变化,后常跟动词原形,是给人提出建议的一种方式。如:

You had better go to see the doctor你最好去看医生。

You`d better eat a lot of fruit and drink plenty of water.你最好多吃水果,多喝水。

2)Had better的否定结构为 had better not。如:

You`d better not eat hot food你最好别吃辛辣的食物。

You`d better not work today.你今天最好别工作。

2、 shall的用法

1) 作助动词时,英式英语中表示将来,可与第一人称连用,但在口语中所有人称都用will。如:

this time next week Ishall/will be in New York.下周这个时候我就在纽约了。



Shall Itake you to the hospital?要不要我带你去医院?

What shall we do this weekend?这个周末我们要作什么呢?

Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking


1. stay up late熬夜

2. be bad for对------有害

3. be good for对------有益

4. too much太多,过分

5. do morning exercises做早操

6. keep long fingernails长长指甲

7. play sports right进行适当的体育锻炼

8. go to school without breakfast不吃早餐去上学

9. have a bath洗澡

10. take a fresh breath呼吸新鲜空气

11. read ----about---读关于-------

12. Ren`ai English Post仁爱英语报

13. ask sb to do叫某人做某事

14. give up放弃

15. read in the sun在太阳底下看书

16. throw litter about乱扔垃圾

17. on the lawn在草坪上

18. put------into------把-------放进-----

19. exercise on an empty stomach空腹锻炼

20. get into进入

21. keep the air clean and fresh保持空气清新

22. wash hands before meals饭前洗手

23. potato chips炸薯条


1. Staying up late is bad for your health.熬夜有害健康。

1) stay up late熬夜

2) be bad for对--------有害。类似的短语还有: be good for---对------有好处

3) staying up late is---动名词作主语。当我们需要一个动词充当主语时,常用此动词的动名词(即doing)形式。如:

Playing basketball is good for your heath.打篮球对你的身体有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.躺在床上看书对眼睛有害。

Swimming is my hobby.游泳是我的爱好。

2. It will keep you active during the day.它会使你在白天保持活力。

keep sth/sb .+adj.保持某物/某人在某种状态。如:

keep your fingersails clean.保持你的指甲干净。

keep our streets clean.让街道保持干净。

3. Different foods help us in different ways不同的食物对我们有不同的作用. in different ways.译为“用不同的方式”。

4. If we eat too littele or too much food-----如果我们吃太少或太多食物------

little 少得几乎没有,表否定,修饰不可数名词。

a little有一些,表示肯定,修饰不可数名词。

与 little ,a little类似的用法的还有 few, a few 。


a few有一些,表示肯定,修饰可数名词。

5. Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health. 散步是很好的锻炼,它是身体健康必不可少的。

be necessary for----对--------来说是必不可少的 如:

Sunshine is necessary for our life.阳光对于我们的生活来说是必不可少的。

Food is necessary for life.食物是生命所必需的。


1) 情态动词must及其否定形式 must not

must 译为“必须做------”其否定意义“不必做-------”,用don`t have to 表示,而不用must not 。如:

——must Ifinish it tonight?

——No, you don`t have to.

而must not 译作“禁止做--------”。如:

You must not throw litter about.

Don`t throw litter about.别到处乱扔垃圾。

2) 情态动词may


May I come in ?我可以进来吗?


You may get a headache when you work too hard.当你工作太累时你可能回感到头疼。

You may get a headache when you can`t get enough sleep. 当你睡眠不足时,你可能会头疼。

enough sleep 充足的睡眠。

enough 修饰名词时放在前后均可;当它修饰形容词时,一般放在形容词后面。如:

strong enough足够强壮

Topic 3what should we do to fight SARS?

一、 重点短语

1. hurry up快点,赶快

2. go ahead(尤指经某人允许)开始,干下去,走在前面,领先

3. do more exercise多锻炼

4. do some cleaning做扫除

5. all the time一直

6. have to不得不,必须

7. keep away远离-------

8. just a moment稍等一会儿

9. get through拨通(电话);通过

10. take care of照顾

11. care for照顾(病人);照料;喜欢

12. talk with和----交谈

13. enjoy oneself过得愉快

14. Chinese medicine中药

15. since then从那时起

16. get lost丢失了,迷路

17. on one`s way to----在某人去----------的路上

18. by mistake错误地

19. ask for leave请假

20. healthy food健康食物

21. crowded places拥挤的地方

22. do one`s best尽力

23. change clothes often常换衣服

24. wash hands often常洗手

25. ring------up打电话给--------

26. leave a message 留口信

27. take a message带口信

28. call----back给------回电话

29. take an active part in积极参加

30. the name of----- -------的名称

31. what do you think of------ ? 你认为---------怎么样?

32. have a good time=enjoy oneself过得愉快

33. next time下次

34. let -------out让-------出去

35. teach oneself on the Internet网上自学

36. be afraid of害怕-----,恐惧-------

二、 重点句型

1. Sure,go ahead.当然可以,请问吧!

ahead 意思是向前,这里的go ahead原意为向前走,在这里译作继续问问题,相当于go on

2. Please tell my father to take care of himself 请告诉我爸爸照顾好自己。

take care of 照顾,照料。同义词:look after

tell sb to do sth ask sb to do sth

want sb to do sth get sb to do sth 表示让某人去做某时事

3. can I take a message?我能为您梢个口信吗?

take a message 梢口信

leave a message 留口信

give a message to --------给某人一个口信

4. I`ll tell her when she comes back.她一回来我就告诉她。


He`ll phoneme when he arrives in Beijing .当他到北京时,他将回给我打电话。

5. ------,he took an active part in the battle against it.他积极投身于抗击“非典”的战斗中。

against 与---相对抗

take part in--------参加--------;加入到某种活动中

take an active part in----积极参加,如:

You should take an active part in the sports meet in your school.你应该积极参加你们学校的运动会。

6. He cared for the patients.他日夜关心着病人。

care for sb--- 关心某人

7. It`s my duty to save the patients. 救治病人是我的职责。

it`s------to do----- 做某事是---------在此句式中,“to do --- ”是真正的主语,而“it ”是形式主语,类似的句式有:

It`s dangerous to climb the tree.怕树很危险。

8. Long time no see. 好久没见!


“Haven`t seen you for a long time!”。

9. I tought myself on the Internet. 我在网上自学。

1) on the Internet 在网络上。介词on用来表示在网上、电视上、收音机里、电话里。如:

2) on the phone, on the radio ,on tv

3) teach oneself自学,近义词组为: learn by oneself

10. How often does Mr Brown exercise? 布朗先生多长时间锻炼一次?

how often对频率提问,回答用 once/twice/three times-----a day/a week/----- ;


三、 语法学习


单数 复数

myself ourselves

yourself yourselves


herself themselves




The boy couldn`t make the model plane by himself那个男孩不能独自制作飞机模型。


“teach+反身代词”表示“自学”;“ hurt+反身代词”表示“伤到自己”。如:

Jane teaches herself English.简自学英语。

Lily fell down and hurt herself yesterday. 昨天莉莉自己摔伤了。


“help +反身代词+to----”表示“随便吃-----”;

“ enjoy+反身代词”表示“-----玩得开心”。

Help yourself to some strawberries,please.请随便吃些草莓。

They enjoyed themselves at the party last night.昨晚在晚会上他们玩得很开心。


You `d better ask your teacher about it yourself.你最好亲自去问你的老师。

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