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仁爱版八年级英语上重点归纳3

Topic 3 Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics.
一、重点词组:
join the English club 加入英语俱乐部
host the 2008 Olympics 举办2008年奥运会
fill out 填出/好
go on 发生;进行
all the interesting places 所有有趣的地方
quite a lot 相当多
make friends with… 与……交朋友
be afraid 恐怕
be free 有空
see you then 再见
win the first gold medal 赢得第一枚金牌
get 28 gold medals 获得28枚金牌
the winner of the first gold medal 第一枚金牌的获胜者
every four years 每四年;每隔三年
the mascot for the Beijing Olympics 北京奥运会的吉祥物
behave well 举止得体
improve the environment 改善环境
plant trees and grass 种植花草树木
a symbol of … 一种……的象征
stand for 代表
the five parts of the world 世界的五大部分
do morning exercises 做早操
be fond of (doing) sth. 喜欢(做)某事
二、重点句型
1.Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字吗?
= What’s your name?
2.What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?
3. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.
现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.
4.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助.
5.Please fill it out. 请把它填好.
6.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?
本周末的天气怎样?
7..There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.
三. 重点语言点
fill out + 名词 “填好……”
fill + 名词/代词+out
如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格.
Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间) 请把它(们)填好.
be afraid… “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人.
be afraid of… “害怕(做)……”
如: I’m afraid I won’t be free. 我恐怕没有空.
He is afraid of dogs. 他害怕狗.
They are afraid of losing the game. 他们害怕输了比赛.
may be “可能是……” may是情态动词 + be
maybe “或许; 可能” maybe是副词
如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师.
He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.
between 在两者之间
among 在三者或三者当中
如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在A和B 之间.
The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.
5. There be 句型的一般将来时
正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
四、交际用语
提建议的句型:
Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?
What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?
Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?
Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢?
Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!
Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?
Would you please go hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足好吗?
Shall we go hiking? 我们一起去远足好吗? (shall在疑问句中与I 和we连用,表示提出或征求意见. 意思为 “……好吗?/ 要不要……?)

Unit 2 Keeping Healthy

Topic 1 How are you feeling today?

一、重点词组:
have a (bad/terrible) cold 患(重)感冒
have a toothache/backache/headache/stomachache 牙痛/背痛/头痛/胃痛
see a dentist/doctor 看牙医/医生
have a cough/fever 患咳嗽/发高烧
have the flu 得了流感
have sore eyes 眼睛发炎
have a sore throat 喉咙发炎
take/have a (good) rest (好好)休息
sleep well 睡得好
drink a lot of boiled water 多喝开水
lift heavy things 提重物
stay in bed 呆在床上
have a good sleep 好好睡一觉
feel terrible 感到难受
take sb. to… 带某人去……
take some medicine/ pills 吃药
day and night 日日夜夜
bad luck 倒霉
lie down 躺下
hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶
brush one’s teeth 刷牙
have an accident 出了事故/意外
send sb. to…. 送某人去……
take/ have a look at… 看一看……
not…until… 直到……才…..
get well 恢复健康
plenty of… 充足;大量
take off your coat 脱掉你的大衣
二、重点句型
You should see a dentist. 你应该看牙医。
You shouldn’t lift heavy things. 你不应该提重物。
You look pale. 你看起来气色不好,很苍白.
You’d better go to see a doctor. 你最好去看医生.
You’d better not go to school today. 今天你最好不要去上学.
Thank you for your flowers and fruit. 谢谢你送来的鲜花和水果.
I couldn’t read them until today. 直到今天我才读了他们.
三. 重点语言点
身体某个部位 + ache,表身体某处疼痛。
如: headache 头痛 backache 背痛 stomachache 胃痛 toothache 牙痛
medicine “药” 为不可数名词
pill “药片” 为可数名词
如: take some medicine 吃些药 take some cold pills 吃些感冒药
with “含有…”
without “没有”
hot tea with honey 加蜜的茶 coffee with sugar and milk 加糖和牛奶
mooncake with eggs 含鸡蛋的月饼
Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶
Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。
until “直到……为止” ; 句中动词一般为延续性动词
not …until…. “直到……才…” ; 句中动词一般为短暂性动词
如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到10点为止.
He won’t leave until his father comes . 直到他父亲来他才离开.
both…and…. “……和……(两者)都”; 当主语时,谓语动词用复数.
如: I know both Jim and Tom. 吉姆和汤姆俩人我都认识.
Both Jim and I are 16 years old. 我和吉姆都是16岁.
plenty of… “充足;大量” 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词, 只用于肯定句,
相当于a lot of…/ lots of…
many “许多”, 修饰可数名词
much “许多”, 修饰不可数名词
如: You should drink plenty of /a lot of boiled water. 你应该喝大量的开水.
You shouldn’t drink so much water. 你不应该喝这么多水.
I have many/lots of/a lot of/plenty of books. 我有许多水.

四、交际用语
(一)询问病情
What’s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you ? 有什么不舒服?
How are you feeling now? 你现在感觉怎么样?
Do you have a cold? 你得了感冒了吗?
(二)诉说病情
1. I feel terrible./ I am feeling terrible. 我感到难受.
2. I have a headache/stomachache/…. 我头痛/肚子痛…..
3. I can’t sleep well at night. 我晚上睡不4. 好觉.
5. I cough day and night. 我日日夜夜地咳嗽.
6. But my left leg hurts when I move it. 但是当我移动时,我的左腿疼.
(3) 表示同(4) 情
1. I’m sorry to hear that.听到这事我感到难过.
2. That’s too bad. 那太糟了.
3. Bad luck. 倒霉.
(5) 表达建议
1. You’d better (not) do sth 最好(不2. )做某事.
3. You should/shouldn’t do sth 你(不4. ) 应该做某事.
5. Shall I take you to the hospital? 我带你去医院好吗?


Topic 2 Is it good for your health?

一、重点词组:
look tired 看起来很累
watch a soccer game on TV 在电视上观看一场足球赛
stay up 熬夜
keep long fingernails 留长指甲
wash hands before meals 饭前洗手
play sports right after meals 饭后适当运动
take a fresh breath 呼吸新鲜空气
be necessary for… 对于……来说是必不可少的
keep you active 使你保持精力旺盛
in the daytime 在白天
throw litter about 乱扔垃圾
get enough sleep 得到足够的睡眠
exercise on an empty stomach 空腹锻炼
= without eating anything
need to do sth 需要做某事
get into 进入
become sick 生病
fight germs 抗击病菌
keep the air clean and fresh 保持空气清新
eat bad food 吃变质食物
sweep the floors 打扫地板
as we know 众所周知
have the right kinds of food 吃正确种类的(健康的)食品
choose the wrong food 选择错误的(不健康的)食品
in different ways 用不同的方法
make us sick 使我们生病
二、重点句型
I see. Staying up late is bad for your health. 我明白了. 熬夜有害你的健康.
(动名词短语做主语)
2. How did Wang Jun get a headache? 王俊怎样患上头痛的?
Is going to bed early good or bad for your health? It’s good.
早点睡觉对你的健康有益还是有害? 有益. (选择问句要根据事实回答)
Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health.散步是很好的锻炼,是身体健康必不可少.
It will keep you active in the daytime. 它(早睡早起)将使你在白天保持旺盛的精力.
You must not throw litter about. = Don’t throw litter about. 不要乱扔垃圾.
We may have more than one headache each month. 每月我们可能会不止一次头疼.
You may get a headache when you can’t get enough sleep.当你睡眠不足时,可能会头疼.
What does it mean when you have a headache? 头痛对你来说意味着什么?
The boy becomes sick. 那个男孩生病了.
As we know, food gives us enery. 众所周知,食物给我们提供能量.
If we eat too little or too much food, or if we choose the wrong food, it can make us sick.
如果我们吃得太少或太多, 或者食物的选择不当会生病的.
三. 重点语言点
1. be good for… 对……有益
be bad for… 对……有害
如: Swimming is good for health. 游泳对健康有益.
Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes. 在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害.
disease 通常指具体的病, 表 “特定的疾病、病名”
illness 通常指生病的状态或表抽象的疾病
如: Germs can cause diseases. 细菌会引发疾病。
SARS is a serious disease. 非典是一种严重的疾病。
Don’t worry about his illness. 别担心他的病。
exercise 表 “锻炼/运动”时, 为不可数名词;
表 “练习”或有定语修饰时, 为可数名词.
如: He often takes/does exercise in the morning. 他经常上午锻炼.
Please do the exercises at once.请马上做这些练习.
He does morning exercises every day. 他每天做早操
. Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的锻炼.
enough adj. “足够的”
修饰名词时, 既可放在名词之前, 也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前)
如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作.
There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物.
adv. “足够地” 修饰形容词或副词时, 均放在所修饰词的后面.
如: He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果.
He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚.
need “需要, 必需”
1 作实义动词: need sth. 需要某物 need to do sth. 需要做某事
如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助.
You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生.
He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车.
2 作情态动词: need + 动词原形
如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了.
You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工作.
6. too much + 不可数名词 表“太多的。。。”
much too + 形容词 表“太。。。”,much 起加强语气作用
如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多的肉。
He is much too fat. 他实在太胖了。
四.重点语法
情态动词:
①must “必须, 一定” 如: We must study hard. 我们必须努力学习.
mustn’t “不可以” 如: You mustn’t walk on the lawn. 你不可以在草坪上行走.
②should “应该” 如: We should finish it on time. 我们应该按时完成它.
shouldn’t “不该” 如: You shouldn’t go to school late. 你不该上学迟到.

③had better “最好” 如:You had better go to bed early.你最好早睡。
had better not “最好不” 如:You had better not go to bed late.
你最好不要迟睡。
④may “可以” 如: May I come in? 我可以进来吗?
“可能” 如: You may get a headache when you work too hard.
当你工作太努力时,你可能会头疼.


Topic 3 We should do our best to fight SARS.

一、重点词组:
talk with 与……交谈
hurry up 赶紧/快
go ahead = go on 继续(问)
spread easily 易传播
be afraid of… 害怕……
catch SARS 患上非典
do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事
fight SARS 抗击非典
keep away from animals 远离动物
do house cleaning 打扫屋子
go to crowded places 去拥挤的地方
all the time = always 总是/一直
examine the patients 检查病人
take a message 捎口信
take care of… 照顾……
= look after / care for
tell/ask sb. to do sth 叫某人做某事
call back 回电话
leave a message 留口信
take an active part in 积极参加
care for patients 照顾病人
save the patients 挽救病人
spend the time 度过时光
teach oneself 自学
help mother cook 帮助妈妈煮东西
on the phone/Internet 在电话中/在互联网上
enjoy oneself 过得愉快
tell sb. a story / stories 给某人讲故事
take some Chinese medicine 吃些中药
二、重点句型
We don’t have to be afraid of catching SARS. 我们没必要害怕患上非典。
Please tell my father to take care of himself. 请告诉我的父亲照顾好他自己。
Could you please ask her to call me back? 请叫她给我回电话好吗?
He took an active part in the battle against SARS. 他积极参加抗击非典的战斗。
He cared for the patients day and night. 他日日夜夜照顾病人。
It’s my duty to save the patients. 挽救病人是我的职责。
What do you think of Kangkang’s father? 你认为康康的父亲怎么样?
Long time no see! 好久不见!
You could cook for us next time. 下次你能为我们煮东西了。
三、重点语言点
talk with sb. 表 “与……交流” , 指 “与人平等地交流、讨论”
talk to sb. 表示 “找某人谈话” , 在口语中常 “责备某人”
如: Jim’s father is talking with the teacher. 吉姆的父亲正在和老师交谈.
I will talk to him about his careless. 我要找他谈话,批评他的粗心大意.
常用的反身代词词组:
take care of oneself = look after oneself 照顾某人自己
teach oneself = learn by oneself 自学
enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩得高兴
help sb (to) do sth = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
如: I helped my mother cook at home.
= I helped my mother with the cook at home. 我在家帮我母亲做饭.
四、重点语法
(一) 情态动词: must 与 have to
① must    "必须;一定”, 表示有做某一动作的必要或义务,侧重表达说话者的主观看法.(只有一种时态)
如:We must wash hands before meals. 饭前我们必须洗手.
We must eat healthy food. 我们必须吃健康的食物.
    
② have to   “不得不,必须”, 侧重表示因客观条件或客观环境的迫使而"不得不做某事".(可用于各种时态)
如:It’s too late. I have to go now. 太迟了.现在我得走了.
I had to borrow some money at that time. 那时我不得不借了一些钱.
*----Must we keep the windows open all the time?
----No, we don’t have to. / No, we needn’t. (注意回答时不能用No, we mustn’t.)
(二)电话用语:
Hello! Could /May I speak to…, please? 你好! 我能跟……通话吗?
May I take a message? 我能捎个口信吗?
This is Kangkang. 我是康康.
Hello! Who’s that? 你好! 你是谁?
Review of Units 1---2
break the window 打破窗户(玻璃)
get lost 丢失;迷路
on one’s way (to) 在….的路上
take the wrong bus 搭错车
one of the most popular sports 最受欢迎的运动之一
a group of people 一群人
form an international organization 成立一个国际组织
put sth in low places 把某物放在低处
eat sth by mistake 误吃
put…away 把…收起来
ask for three days'leave 请三天的假

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