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仁爱英语 资源共享:过去进行时和一般过去时的比较

过去进行时和一般过去时的比较
一、一般过去时叙述旧事,过去进行时描述背景。
  1. 一般过去时
  1)叙述过去状态、动作或事件   He went to Beijing the other day.(带具体时间)
  2)表示过去的习惯
  a) would,used to与过去时   would 表间断性不规则的习惯,常带频率时间   used to 表一贯性有规律的习惯
  They used to ****nd would sometimes exchange one or two words.   He smoked a lot two years ago. (过去行为)
  b) Would 用于文中不用于句首,只表过去习惯。   Used to 表今昔对比的含义,叙述习惯动作可与would 换用。  When he was a boy , he would often go there . (叙述过去)   She isn't what she used to be. (今昔对比)
  c) 表示状态时一般只用used to   Tom used to be fat /There used to stand a tree there. (状态)
  d) was (were) used to +ving表示“合适于,适应于…..”   He used to work at night . (“习惯”表经常)   He was used to working at night. (习惯表适应)
  3)表示过去的经历,平行动作,依此事件用一般过去时。   He sat there and listened to the radio.(依此发生)
  4)表示客气委婉的语气,用于情态动词,助动词和want , wonder , hope 等   How did you like the film? / Could you help me?
  B. 过去进行时
  表示在过去某阶段或某一时刻正在发生   What were you doing at 8:30 last night? (过去某时刻正在发生)
  短暂性动词用过去进行时表示按计划、打算   During that time he was going with us.(表示打算)
  与always ,often ,usually 等连用表喜爱,讨厌等感情色彩。   He was always Changing his mind

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