赶紧收藏吧!: bookmarkBookmark and Share




八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导UNIT 4 Our World

八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导
UNIT 4 Our World
话题 ② I'm sure there are no UFOs.
Section A(P85--86)
一、 重点词汇:
1、appear (v.)出现
但在那之前,类似机器人的东西就问世了。(P85)
许多人出现在我面前。(P115)
2、job 与 work
job 指具体的工作,是可数名词,常指临时工作、小工。
work 是最普通意义上的“工作”,通常指抽象意义上的工作,是不可数名词。
机器人能做许多种工作。(P86)
机器人将会使人类失去他们的工作。(P86)
机器人能做艰苦的工作。(P85)
3、pay
① 作动词,“付报酬”常与介词 for 搭配。
如果你想学弹吉它和跳舞,你将付180元。(P62)

我花了50元买这件衬衣。
② 作名词,“薪水,报酬”。 机器人无报酬地工作。(P86)
4、before
① 作介词,后接代词或名词。
但在那之前,类似机器人的东西就问世了。(P85)

请不要站在我面前。
② 作连词,引导时间状语从句。
他七岁之前没有上学。
5、重点短语:
① take the place of 代替——动词短语 (比较:take place 发生)
instead of 作为某人(或某物)的替换——介词短语(后接名词或动名词)instead (adv.)代替;反而
在某些工作条件下,机器人可以代替人类。(P85)

电视机永远取代不了电影院。(P115)
它们也可以代替人类做许多危险的工作。(P85)

我喝了许多牛奶,吃新鲜的水果和蔬菜,而不吃巧克力。(P39)

② 在某些条件下
③ 在某些工作条件下
④ 在工作场所
⑤ 在每一个家庭
⑥ something like..........类似某物的东西
但在那之前,类似机器人的东西就问世了。(P85)

⑦ something about....... 关于.......的一些情况
你可以告诉我有关机器人的一些情况吗?(P85)
⑧ 科学中心
⑨ 做许多种工作
⑩ 做危险的工作
二、重点句子:
1、do ........ for........ 为......做..........
机器人能为我们做什么?(P85)
机器人只能为我们做好事吗?(P86)
2、被动语态句子:
它发明于1921年。(P85)
3、——你确定吗? —— 是的,相当确定。(P85)

4、be sure + that从句(that或省略):
我确信没有不明飞行物。(P85)
我确信机器人能比人类工作得更快。(P85)
5、What other things........ 其他的什么事情
机器人还能做其他的什么事情?(P86)
6、“make sb. + adj.”句子: 机器人将会使人类懒惰。(P86)
7、机器人无报酬地工作。(P86)
8、你认为在工作场所机器人将会代替人类吗?(P86)



八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导(46)
UNIT 4 Our World
话题 ② I'm sure there are no UFOs.
Section B(P87--88)
一、 重点词汇:
1、while 与 when “当.........时”,引导时间状语从句
昨天,当我沿着大街走时我看见了一个不明飞行物。(87)

当他爸回来时,他在看电视。(P116)
2、through , across 与 over
through “穿过,通过”——指从内部过; across “穿过”——指从表面过 over 指从正上方“越过”
他走着穿过了校门。
同学们跑着穿过了草坪去教室上英语课。

当吉姆睡觉时,他看到了一个不明飞行物飞过他头顶。(P88)

3、real (adj.)真实的——指真实存在的,现实的,而不是非虚构的(副词形式为:really 事实上,真正地)
你的戒指是真金的吗?
谁是真的“外星人”?(88)
4、other , others , the other , the others
① other (adj.) 泛指“另外的”,修饰名词
你知道,在其它行星上没有生物。(P87)
② the other “两者中的另一个”,作形容词,修饰名词,常与"one........the other......."
空中有两架飞机,一架蓝色的,另一架是白色的。

③ others 泛指“别的人或物”(但不是全部),作代词,后不可接名词
它们中间有些是红色的,其余是棕色的。
④ the others 特指“全部其余的人或物”,作代词,后不可接名词,常用"some........the others......"
我们班五个学生来自北京,其余的来自南京。

⑤ other + 复数名词 = others
你可以问问别的学生。
5、重点短语:
① seem to + 动词原形 “好象,似乎”
直到现在,似乎没人看见过不明飞行物。(P88)
似乎她是对的。(P116)
★★比较 seem 和 look
seem 是主观上描述用的词,强调心理上认为“好象,似乎”。
look 也是对主体对象描述使用的词,包含事实上就是那个样子的意思。“看起来象”
天好象要下雨了。
不明飞行物根本不象盘子。(P88)
②“mistake + 名词 + for 名词”“把.........错认为.........” such as 例如,诸如
人们常常把诸如风筝或气球之类的人造物体误认为是不明飞行物。(P88)

我喜欢许多水果,例如苹果、橙子和香蕉。(P116)

③ call for 要求 ( come out of...... 从.......出来; ask for help 求助)
当他设法呼叫求助时,一个“外星人”从不明飞行物出来了。(P88)

④ wake sb. up 将某人叫醒 (wake 的过去式为 woke)
(sb. 是代词时,应放在动词 wake 和副词 up 之间,是名词时,放在中间或 up 后面均可)
一个“外星人”把他叫醒了。(P88)
⑤ get imformation about .......through........ 通过.......获得关于........的信息
人们仅能通过书本、电影、收音机、网络或电视了解不明飞行物的信息。(P88)

⑥ get some ideas about sth. 对某物有些印象(概念、想法),获得一些关于某物的信息
以前吉姆对不明飞行物有印象吗?(P88)
⑦ 生物 ⑧ 事实上
⑨ fly over....飞过..... 一个外星人正飞过了他头顶吗?(P88)

二、重点句子:
1、① be sure + that从句(that或省略):
我确信没有不明飞行物。(P85)
我深信有不明飞行物存在。(P87)
② be not sure + whether / if 引导从句,意为“不确信是否..........”
我不敢肯定机器人上否会让人失去工作。(P116)

直到现在,甚至连科学家也不确信是否有不明飞行物。(P87)

2、那只是一场游戏一场梦。(P88)___________________________________________________
3、whether / if (conj.“是否” )引导宾语从句: (注:weather 天气)
whether 和 if 引导的是宾语从句。一般情况下,两者可以通用。 if 常用于口语中,whether 比较正式。
他不介意他们是好的还是坏的。(P59)
我不敢肯定机器人将会使人类懒惰。(P87)

下列情况下两者不能通用:
① 作介词的宾语时,用whether ,不用 if
我对他是否去游泳很感兴趣。
(作 in 的宾语)
② whether 引导的宾语从句可移到主句之前,if 则不能。(即:宾语从句中,置于句首时用 whether)
这是不是真的,我没有把握。
③ 与动词不定式连用时,用 whether ,不用 if
请告诉我们去还是不去。
④ whether 后可接 or , or not , 而 if 不能。
他不介意他们是好的还是坏的。(P59)
⑤ 宾语从句的谓语动词是否定形式时,只能用 if ,不能用 whether
我想知道是否她明天不来这儿。
注意: whether 可以引导表语从句,if 则不能。
问题是她是否来。
4、猜猜怎么了 !(P87)
5、你知道,在其它行星上没有生物。(P87)

6、不很确信。(P87)




八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导
UNIT 4 Our World
( 单 元 复 习 )
一、 根据句意及首字母提示填写所适当的单词:
1、People like going to the beach for enjoying the s___________ .
2、The words in dictionaries are l___________ in alphabetical order .
3、What would you like to be in the f__________ ?
4、Beijing will h_________ the 2008 Olympic games .
5、Do you know how the ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid w_______ modern machines ?
二、根据句意及汉语提示完成句子
1、Robots may _______________________________(代替)humans in some work situations .
2、We shouldn't ___________(花费)too much time on the Internet .
3、The Great Wall is one of the ____________(奇迹)in the world.
4、many people ___________(养)animals as pets .
5、The rainforests can give us many ______________(有用的)things .
三、按要求改写下列句子,每空一词
1、We will not enjoy the concert . I think . (合并句子)
I _________ _________ _________ _________ enjoy the concert .
2、I like country music .(对划线部分提问)
________ ________ ________ music _________ you like ?
3、Liu Xiang's favorite music is fork music .(改为同义句)
Liu Xiang _________ ________ _________ __________ .
4、Mrs . Smith's son is fourteen years old .(改为同义句)
Mrs . Smith's son is _________ _________________ boy.
5、I visited a friend last Sunday.(用 next Sunday 代替 last Sunday 改写句子)
I _________ ________ _________ __________ a friend next Sunday.
四、单项选择
( )1、Nothing _________ him ________ .
A、make , laugh B、makes , laugh
C、make , to laugh D、makes , to laugh
( )2、There are _________ students in the school .
A、two thousand B、two thousands
C、two thousand of D、two thousands of
( )3、Shanghai is one of ________ cities in China .
A、the large B、the largest
C、the larger D、the most largest
( )4、You can use the Internet for _________ e-mails .
A、send B、sent C、to send D、sending
( )5、There is little water in the river , ___________ ?
A、is there B、isn't there C、is it D、isn't it
( )6、My mother isn't in . I have to __________ my sick sister.
A、look up B、look like C、look at D、look after
( )7、Yao Ming is _________ than me .
A、very tall B、very taller C、much taller D、more taller
( )8、Would you like to show me ___________ ?
A、how to do B、how to do it
C、what to do it D、what do
( )9、You must be very tired . Why not _________ a rest ?
A、to stop to have B、to stop having
C、stop to have D、stop having
( )10、He went out without __________ a word .
A、saying B、to say C、speaking D、to speak
( )11、——I'd like to go shopping with you . But I'm going to finish my homework first .
——__________ .
A、Thank you all the same . B、What a shame !
C、Come on . D、Why not ?
( )12、Mike plays _________ very well .
A、drums B、piano C、guitar D、soccer
( )13、——Do you like jazz ?
——_________ . Sometimes I listen to it . But I have a lot of rock music .
A、I don't mind it . B、I like it very much .
C、I hate it . D、I think it's boring .
( )14、Anhui is famouse _________Huangshan .
A、as B、of C、for D、about
( )15、Basketball is my favorite . It makes me ___________ .
A、am happy B、happy C、happily D、to feel happy
五、根据汉语意思完成下列各句,每空一词
上个月Chow在北京举行了音乐会。
Chow______ ______ ________in Beijing last month.
2、钢琴课每人要200元。 Piano lessons are ________ _________ ________ .
3、流行歌曲很是受到年轻人的欢迎。
Pop somgs _________ ________ ________ young people.
在 Beyond乐队是最著名的乐队之一。
Beyond is now one of ______ ________ ________ _______ .
拉小提琴对我来说是很有趣的事情。
________the violin is _______ ________ ________ me .





八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导(45)参考答案
一、
1、But before that , something like robots appeared.
Lots of people appeared in front of me.
2、Robots can do many kinds of jobs.
Robots will make humans lose their jobs.
Robots can do hard work.
3、If you want to learn to play guitar and to dance , you will pay ¥180.
I paid ¥50 for the shirt.
Robots work without pay.
4、But before that , something like robots appeared.
Don’t stand before me.
He didn’t go to school before seven.
5、Robots may take the place of humans in some work situation.
TV sets never take the place of cinemas.
They can also do lots of dangerous work instead of humans.
I drank a lot of milk and ate fresh fruit and vegetables instead of chocolate.
in some situation in some work situation
in the workplace in every family
But before that , something like robots appeared.
Could you tell ma something about robots ?
The Science Center
do many kinds of jobs
do dangerous work
二、
1、What an robots do for us ?
Can robots only do good things for us ?
2、It was invented in 1921.
3、Are you sure ? Yes , quite sure.
4、I’m sure there are no UFOs.
I’m sure robots can do some work better than humans.
5、What other things can robots do ?
6、Robots wil make humans lazy.
7、Robots work without pay.
8、Do you think robots will take the place in the workplace ?


八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导(46)参考答案
一、
1、I saw a UFO while I was walking down the street yesterday.
When his father came back, he was watching TV.
2、He walks through the school gate.
The students are running across the grass to the classroom to have an English class.
While Jim was sleeping , he saw a UFO flying over his head.
3、Is your ring real ?
Who was the real “alien”?
4、You see , there are no living things on other planets.
There are two planes in the sky. One is blue, the other is white.
Five students come from Beijing in our class. The others come from Nanjing.
You can ask other students.
5、Until now , nobody seems to have really seem a UFO.
She seems to be right.
It looks like rain.
Robots didn’t look like a plate.
People often mistake some man-made objects such as a kite or a balloon for UFOs.
I like lots of fruit , such as apples , oranges and bananas.
While he was trying to call for help , an “alien” came out of the UFO.
An “alien” woke him up.
People can only get information about UFOs through books , movies , radio , the Internet or TV.
Did Jim get any ideas about UFOs before ?
Living things in fact
Was an alien flying over his head ?
二、
1、I’m sure there are no UFOs.
I’m quite sure there are UFOs.
I’m not sure whether / if robots will make humans lose their jobs.
Until now , even the scientists aren’t sure whether there are UFOs.
2、It was just a game or a dream .
3、He doesn’t mind whether they’re good or not.
I’m not sure robots will make humans lazy.
I’m interested in whether he will go swimming.
Whether it is true or not , I’m not sure.
Please tell me whether to go or not.
He doesn’t mind whether they’re good or not.
I want to know if he won’t come here tomorrow.
The question is whether she will come or not.
4、Guess what !
5、You see , there are no living things on other planets.
6、I’m not so sure.

八年级英语(仁爱版)大纲知能与考点三维辅导(单元复习)参考答案
一、
1、sunshine 2、listed 3、future 4、hold / host 5、without
二、
1、take the place of
2、spend
3、wonders
4、keep
5、useful
三、
1、don’t think we will
2、What kind of do
3、likes folk music best
4、a fourteen-year-old
5、am going to visit
四、
1-------5 BABDA 6------10DCBCA 11-------15 BDACB
五、
1、gave a concert
2、200 yuan each
3、are popular with / among
4、the most famous bands
5、Playing great fun to(for)

0 评论:

发表评论

相关文章