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连系动词用法盘点

连系动词用法盘点
连系动词(link v.)是一种本身有一定的意义,但不能独立做句子谓语的动词,需要在它的后面加上表语一起构成"系表结构"。最常见的系动词是be,但有些感官动词和有些表示变化的动词也可作连系动词。其用法特点如下:
  一、be用作连系动词,后常加形容词、数词、副词、名词、介词短语等作表语。例如:
  She is beautiful.
  He was thirteen last year.
  Is your mother in? No, she's out.
  My father is a doctor.
The bag isn't on the desk. It's in the desk.
二、常见感官动词用作连系动词及常与其搭配的形容词
例如:
  The school looks so beautiful. 学校看起来很美。
  The plan sounds nice. 这个计划听起来不错。
  The meat smells terrible. 这肉闻起来很难闻。
  The milk tastes sour. 牛奶酸了。
  She feels a little nervous. 她感到有点紧张。
  三、表示变化的连系动词及常与其搭配的形容词。
例如:
  His face is turning red. 他的脸变红了。
  Our country is becoming stronger and stronger. 我们的国家正变得越来越强大了。
  When summer comes, it is getting hotter and hotter. 当夏天到来时,天气变得越来越热。
  四、表示感觉和表示变化的连系动词的否定、疑问以及时态变化的形式均类似于行为动词。例如:
  They don't look well.
  The music sounds nice, doesn't it?
  Did he feel excited at the news?
  Beijing is becoming more and more beautiful.
  She always seems sad, doesn't she?

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