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Unit 5

Unit 5
Topic1:
1. How are you doing?=How are you? 你好吗?
2 .invite sb. to do sth= ask sb. to do邀请某人做某事
3. prepare for sth准备某事(准备时间较长思想上的准备):prepare for the exam
sth for sb.为某人准备…:prepare food for Lily
to do sh准备做…:I prepare to go hiking.
4.say sth to sb.对某人说….: say thanks/hello/goodbye to Peter
5.系动词+adj. 系表结构
① be (am/is/are/was/were)
② 感官v.(feel, look, sound, taste品尝,smell闻、嗅)
③ 四变化(turn/become/go/ get) *turn侧指颜色变化
④ keep, make
6. Why all the smiling faces?=Why do all of you have smiling faces?
7. I went to buy tickets, but there was none left. (leave-left-left)
=I went to buy tickets, but there were no tickets left.
*注:none 后不能直接加n. all---none; both---neither.
8. a ticket to/for…一张…的票 the answer to the question问题的答案
the key to the door/car/bike/… a way to…一种…的方式
9. be+ adj. + 介词结构
be proud of自豪,骄傲 e.g. The teacher is proud of his student.
人+be pleased with+物 e.g. Jim is pleased with his new bike.
物+be popular with+人受…的欢迎
e.g. The book is popular with students.
be worried about; be afraid of; be angry with; be bored with;
be interested in; be nervous about; be famous for+sth/as+身份
be satisfied with; be surprised at; be excited about/at sth
be strict with sb. be strict about/in sth
10. set the table for sb.为某人摆餐具 e.g. I’m setting the table for guests.
11. I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切顺利。
12. be able to do能够---侧指通过努力能够实现的(*will be able to)
can---侧指人所具有的一种能力
13. ring up sb. = call sb. = phone sb. =give sb. a call打电话
14. Lily and her mother go to Beijing.
区别 Lily goes to Beijing with her mother.
Lily with her mother go to Beijing.
15. be sorry for sb. e.g. I am sorry for you.
be sorry about sth e.g. I am sorry about your illness.
be sorry to do sth e.g. I am sorry to hear that.
be sorry that+从句 e.g. I’m sorry that he lost the game.
16. one of +the +adj最高级+N复+V单:“其中最…之一”
e.g. It is one of the most interesting books.
17. lonely—“孤单、寂寞”,强调精神上的孤单、寂寞,但未必一个人
alone—“单独”,强调一个人独处,但精神上未必寂寞。
e.g. The old man lives alone, but he doesn’t feel lonely.
18. because of + n./短语:I can’t go to the party because of the weather.
because + 句子:I can’t go to the party because it rains heavily.
19. teach sb. sth: Lily teaches us English.
teach sb. to do sth: Lily teaches me to draw pictures.
20. perform short and funny plays
21.cheer up使振作精神
22.What…for=Why为什么
e.g. What did he go to Beijing for?=Why did he go to Beijing?
23.in the end=at last=finally最后 区:at the end of…在…的结尾
24. be on:强调状态 e.g. The film was on for ten minutes.
上演 put on:强调动作 e.g. A new film will put on this evening.
25.tell a story/joke/lie讲故事/讲笑话/说谎
26.on the night of April 14th on a cold morning
27.on the/one’s way to…在…的路上 on the/one’s way home
28.fall into the sea掉入大海
29.live together happily幸福地生活在一起
30.go mad发疯
31.Beijing Opera is our national opera with around 200 years of history.京剧是我们的国剧,已有着大约200年的历史了。
32.come into being形成
33.容器+be full of+物=be filled with装满,充满
e.g. The cup is full of/filled with water.
34.make peace with sb.与某人和解
35.end with以…结束 start/begin with以…开始

Topic2:
1. +从句:It seems/ed that he is/was ill.
seem的用法 +to do:He seems/ed to be ill.
+Adj.:He seems/ed ill.
2.do badly/well in=be bad/good at在某方面做得好/不好
3.She has no friends to talk with.她没有可以交谈的朋友。
4.have a talk with sb.=talk to/with sb.与某人交谈
5.be worried about(adj.)=worry about(v.)担心…
6.these days=recently最近
7.send sth to sb.=send sb. sth把某物寄给某人
8.Take it easy.别着急!/别紧张!
9. I want to be your friend.我想成为你的朋友。
I want to make friends with you.我想和你交朋友。
10.try to do 努力做某事
11.be lost丢失,迷路 e.g. My penis lost. The girl is lost.
12.How are you feeling today?你今天感觉如何?
13.fail/pass the exam考试不及格/通过考试
14.Everyone gets these feelings at your age. at one’s age在某人几岁时
区:at the age of在…岁时 in one’s teens在某人十几岁时
15.make sb./sth+ do/adj使某人做某事/处在…状态
16.have unhappy feelings有不开心的感觉(feeling可数n.)
17.give sb. suggestions/advice给某人建议
18.sth happen to sb.某人出了某事(常用一般过去时)
e.g. An accident happened to Li Ping. What happened to you?
19.take part in activities积极参加活动
20.call sb. at+号码 打… 号码找某人 e.g. call Mr. Wang at 2287904
21.too much+不可数n. much too+adj. too many+可数n.
22.How time flies! 时间飞逝!
23.How I wish to stay with you!我多希望和你呆在一起!
stay with sb.和某人呆在一起
24.move to sw.搬到某地
25.get/be used to sth/doing习惯做某事 区:used to do过去常常做…
26.what’s more而且 fit in适应\
27.give my best wishes to your parents代我向你的父母问好
28. A+ be+ as+ adj.原级+ as+ B: Helen is as tall as Maria.
A+ be+ not + as/so+ adj原级+ as + B: Helen isn’t as tall as Maria.
A+V+as+adv原级+as + B: Helen runs as quickly as Lily.
A+don’t/doesn’t/didn’t+V原+as/so+adv.原级+as + B:
Helen doesn’t sing as/so well as Lucy.\
注:①无论是肯定结构as…as…还是否定结构not as/so…as..,中间都用adj/adv原级。②谓语若是be,则用adj.原级;谓语若是v.,则用adv.原级。
29.speak in public在公共场所说话
30.fall asleep入睡 make faces做鬼脸
31.clap one’s hands拍手(clap--clapped)
32.What does Jeff do with his sadness?=How does Jeff deal with his sadness?
杰夫如何处理他的伤心事?
33.solve problems解决问题
34. learn sth from sb. learn to do learn +that从句
35.be killed in 在…中丧身 e.g. He was killed in the accident.
36.refuse to do拒绝做某事 even though=even if尽管,即使
37.after a few months= a few months later几个月后
38. take a walk=go for a walk散步 calm down冷静 go out外出
no longer=not…any longer(多用于延续性v.)
39.不再 You won’t live in Fuzhou any longer.=You will no longer live in Fuzhou
no more=not…any more(多用于短暂性v.)
e.g. You won’t see him any more.=You will see him no more.






Topic3:

1.die(v.)—dead(adj.)---death(n.)---dying
2.How long have you felt like this?=How long have you been like this?
---I have felt/been like this for two days.
3.must be----肯定推测;can’t be---否定推测
e.g. The boy must be Jim. This book can’t be Jim’s.
4.hate to do =hate doing讨厌做某事
5.follow one’s advice遵从某人的建议 get well=become well 康复
6.I hope so.-----I hope not. I’m afraid so.----I’m afraid not.
I believe so.----I believe not. I think so.-----I don’t think so.
7.miss a lot of lessons落下许多功课
8. take turns to do轮流做某事:We take turns to sing songs.
in turn轮流:We sing songs in turn.
It’s one’s turn to do轮到某人做某事:It’s my turn to clean a room.
9.study/learn (sth) by oneself=teach oneself (sth) 自学(某事)
10.That’s very nice of you.你真好!(of表人的性格、品质)
11. It’s +adj.+ for sb. + to do: It’s important for me to study well.
It’s +adj. + of sb. + to do: It’s nice of you to help me.
注:若adj.用来修饰人的性格、品质,则用of,若adj.用来修饰to do,则用for。
12.help sb. with sth.=help sb.(to) do sth帮助某人做某事
e.g. I help Jim with English.=I help Jim to study English.
13.affect one’s feelings影响某人的心情
14.心情好:be in a good mood/be in good spirits/feel one’s best
心情不好:be in a bad mood/be in low spirits
情绪高涨:be in high spirits
15.be in good/bad health身体好/不好
16.smile at life 笑对生活 laugh at sb.嘲笑某人
17.give a surprise to sb. 给某人一个惊喜
in surprise惊奇地; to one’s surprise令某人惊喜的是
18.at the English corner在英语角
19.let sb. (not) do让某人(别)做某事 make sb. (not) do
20.make sb. + n. 使某人成为… e.g. make you monitor
21.on the/one’s way to+地点“在去…的路上” e.g. on the way to school
on one’s/the way home在回家的路上
22.get along/on (well) with sb.与某人相处(融洽)
23.give a speech演讲
24.be ill in bed卧病在床 e.g. Li Ming is ill in bed.
25.on Mid-autumn Festival在中秋节 on rainy days在下雨天里
on the morning of March 3rd on a cold evening
26.get together with sb.与某人团聚
27.too+adj./adv. + to…= so +adj./adv.+that+句子“太…而无法…”
e.g. It’s too noisy for me to fall asleep.=It’s so noisy that I can’t fall asleep.
28.the color of nature自然色
29.try out试验 try on试穿
30. 区 be important to sb.对某人来说是重要的
be important for sb. to do sth对某人来说做某事是重要的
31.stay + adj. e.g. We should stay healthy.
介词短语 e.g. We should stay in good spirits.
注:keep+adj., 但keep 不能加介词短语
32.remember to do记得去做某事(事情还没做)
remember doing记得曾做过某事(事情已做了)
33. get sth for sb.=get sb. sth给某人买/拿某物
get get sth from sb.从某人那收到….
get sb. to do使某人做某事: I get you to clean the room.
34.make a decision (to do)=decide (to do)决定做某事
35.get back to sth回到某事上,重返 e.g. get back to daily activities
36.a sense of+ n. 一种…的感觉 e.g. a sense of happiness/duty/safety

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