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八年级新湘教版下 Unit7 Topic 3 Section D教案

八年级新湘教版下 Unit7 Topic 3 Section D教案
Section D needs 1 period. Section D需用1课时。
The main activities are 1a, 3 and 4. 本课重点活动是1a, 3和4。
Ⅰ. Aims and demands 目标要求
1. Learn new word and phrases:
balaced diet, realize, not only ... but also
2. Review comparative and superlative forms of adverbs.
Jane cooked more carefully.
Michael cuts more finely than she / her.
I cooked the most carefully.
3. Learn balanced diet and its importance.
We must have enough food and the food must be clean.
It’s very important for us to keep a balanced diet.
We should eat regularly.
We should eat not only our favorite food but also healthy food.
Ⅱ. Teaching aids 教具
录音机/小黑板或多媒体课件
Ⅲ. Five-finger Teaching Plan 五指教学方案
Step 1 Review 第一步 复习(时间: 13分钟)
复习本话题呈现的健康饮食习惯。
(方案一)
1. (复习餐桌礼仪和饮食习惯的表达法,引导学生讨论健康饮食问题,呈现本课目标语言。)
T: We all know that people around the world have different eating habits. Would you please tell me something about eating habits in different parts around the world? Who can try?
(从第2话题Section D饮食习惯导入自由讨论,既激发兴趣,又复习旧知识。选2名学生发言,也可以分组进行两分钟的讨论。)
T: And we should pay attention to the table manners. Would you mind telling me how to eat politely in different countries?
(从第2话题餐桌礼仪入手,展开讨论。学生既可以说出所学的饮食文化礼仪,还可以说出他们课余探究学习所了解到的其他内容,互帮互学,开阔视野,复习知识,激发兴趣。)
2. (除课本和学生提供的内容,教师还可以进一步提供一些常见的餐桌礼仪。)
T: Do not put much food in your mouth at a time. Drink only when there is no food in your mouth. Do not make any noise when you eat. Do not clean your teeth at table or anywhere in public, not even with your tongue.
(以上为一些常见西餐或中餐礼仪知识。如果学生对西餐中一套刀叉的使用感到迷惑,可以稍加讲解,这是学生非常感兴趣的问题。)
T: Dinner usually begins with soup. The largest spoon is the soup spoon. A fish course probably follows the soup. A fork for the fish is similar to the meat fork and it’s smaller. A salad is eaten with a fork only held in the right hand with points turned up. It’s a little smaller than the others. It’s impolite for a guest to leave the table during a meal.
(方案二)
(复习餐饮用语、电话订餐、食物的食用方法。)
1. (教师出示Section A,1中的挂图,谈论美食节,让学生总结餐饮用语。)
T: Now I’d like to show you the picture in 1 in Section A. Please summarize the expressions about dinner.
2. (两人一组练习订餐用语。)
T: Practice how to order a meal by phone in pairs.
3. (以对话的形式练习有关不同食物的食用方法。)
T: Make up a conversation about the ways to eat different foods.
S1: How do you eat fried noodles?
S2: I use chopsticks.
4. (复习副词的等级用法,让学生完成句子。)
T: Review the usage of comparative forms of adverbs, and complete the following sentences.
(板书)
Maria adds the rice ____ slowly.
Michael adds the rice ____ slowly than she / her.
Kangkang adds the rice ____ ____ slowly of the three.
Answers: very, more, (the) most
Step 2 Presentation 第二步 呈现(时间: 5分钟)
呈现本课活动1a。
1. (讨论健康饮食问题,呈现目标语言。)
T: Different places have different foods and drinks. Different countries also have different eating customs. However, everyone around the world wants to be healthy. So, I wonder what and how we should eat to keep healthy. Discuss in groups about two minutes and give me some advice, please.
(让学生分组讨论两分钟,然后各组派一个代表汇报讨论结果。通常学生可能会给出以下几个回答。)
Example:
G1: We should eat more vegetables and drink more water.
G2: We should eat all kinds of foods, and we shouldn’t just eat our favorite food.
G3: We should have a good breakfast, a good lunch and a smaller supper.
G4: We should eat more fruit and drink more milk.
G5: We should eat more fish and eggs.

(教师可以引导思考方向,开拓学生思维,同时对学生的发言稍加评论,使他们提高认识,引入1a部分的课前阅读问题,了解画线部分的生词¬。)
T: A good breakfast keeps the body strong. It’s very important to keep a balanced diet. We should eat regularly. Do you agree? / Am I right? I think another best way is to exercise properly.
(让全体学生讨论,使他们养成健康饮食习惯。鼓励学生整理发言,便于记忆,教师可以引导归纳。)
(出示写有下面内容的小黑板,画线部分是让学生讨论填入的内容。)
Health experts said that people should have healthy eating habits.
First, we must eat regular meals and begin with a good breakfast.
Second, we should have different kinds of foods, such as fruit, vegetables, eggs, milk and so on.
Third, we shouldn’t eat so many snacks and fried foods.
Never overeat, never eat too late.
Fast food tastes delicious, but eating too much is also unhealthy.
I think it’s very important to keep a balanced diet and eat regularly.
We shouldn’t just eat our favorite food.
(完成上面内容的归纳后,让学生们填写下面的表格。)
Foods
Healthy
Unhealthy
2. (出示小黑板上的问题,让学生边读1a短文边思考问题,迅速找出答案。)
T: Now, please open your books, read the passage in 1a carefully, and find out the answers to
these questions.
Do we need fruit and vegetables to make us healthy?
How to keep a balanced diet?
Should we eat regularly?
Do you think we may just eat our favorite food?
(让几名学生回答,或分组讨论。)
Step 3 Consolidation 第三步 巩固(时间: 4分钟)
巩固练习1b。
(让学生再读一遍文章,完成1b的判断题。)
T: Please read 1a again, and finish 1b.
(核对答案。)
Step 4 Practice 第四步 练习(时间: 12分钟)
练习本课2a,2b和3。
1. (复习巩固2a重点语法。)
T: Read “Grammer focus” and then make similar sentences using these words and expressions.
(出示小黑板上内容。)
chop(切剁) pear carefully
slice(切片) beef slowly
cook meat finely
peel curry lightly
cut bread neatly
spread(涂) onion gently
scoop(舀出) mushroom(蘑菇)
Example:
Mary chops the meat finely.
Alice chops the meat more finely.
Tom chops the meat the most finely.
2. (复习巩固2b中的重要表达方式。用这些内容编一个对话或故事。选两组学生来展示。)
T: Read the sentences in 2b carefully, and then make a dialog or make up a story. Then ask two groups to act out the dialog.
3. (完成3。根据本话题所学的知识,比较中国和西方国家饮食习惯的差异,并写一篇小短文。)
T: Please compare the different eating habits between China and western countries, and write a passage. The information in 3 can help you.
(学生准备两分钟。)
T: Who can try? Please read the passage.
(让1~2名学生来读。)
Step 5 Project 第五步 综合探究活动(时间: 11分钟)
组织学生讨论完成4。
1. (完成4。组织学生分组讨论,每组根据本节所学知识填一个星期营养食谱表格,并说明原因。推选几名学生当评委,评选出最合理的食谱。)
T: In order to keep healthy and strong, we should eat different kinds of foods. We shouldn’t just eat our favorite food. Delicious food may be not good for health. Now, work in groups, first fill out the form in 4, and then give reasons for your menu. We’ll decide the best menu of our class.
(给学生三分钟准备。)
T: Have you finished your menu? Let’s see whose menu is the best.
(引导学生给予评价,互相学习。培养学生学以致用的能力,树立健康饮食观念。)
2. (小组活动。每小组3~4人讨论健康食品和饮料两分钟,然后各组派一个代表汇报讨论结果。)
T: Now, work in groups of three or four. Talk about healthy food and drinks.
(给学生两分钟讨论。)
T: Now stop. Please report your results group by group.
(对学生及时给予表扬。)

T: Well done! / Good job!
3. (组织学生分组讨论世界各国不同的饮食习惯,并填写表格,用小黑板出示表格。)
T: Work in groups. Discuss eating habits in different countries around the world, and fill out the form.
(出示小黑板上的表格。)
England Cuba China …
Eating habits
4. Homework:
(从因特网、杂志、电视上等搜集更多的世界上不同国家的饮食习惯的资料。)
Search more information about eating habits in different countries around the world from the Internet, magazine, TV…

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