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Weekends to people mean that they can have a two-day good rest. For example, people can go out to enjoy themselves or get together with relatives and friends to talk with each other or watch interesting video tapes with the whole family.

  Everyone spends weekends in his own way. Within two days, some people can relax themselves by listening to music, reading novels, or watching films. Others perhaps are more active by playing basketball, wimming or dancing. Different people have different relaxations.

U7 相关语言知识材料

U7 相关语言知识材料
1.Do you know about Daniel Igali ?(Page 53)
你知道Daniel Igali 吗?
know of / about sth. 知道;了解
I have a friend who knows about antiques.我有一个朋友对古董很在行。
I don’t know about you,but I’m ready for something to eat.
2. I’m interested in the food festival. (Page 53)
be interested in 对……感兴趣
sb.+be interested in 某人对……感兴趣
sth.+be interesting 某事(物)很有趣
Sheila is interested in starting her own business.
The Sound of Music is very interesting.
3.I’ll chat with Daniel on the Internet,and try to get more information about him. (Page 53)
chat 闲谈、聊天,又作chat away
Danny and Paul chatted away like old friends.
4.I’m thinking about that. (Page 55)
think about /of 思考、考虑、想
She lay awake thinking about the money.
I tried not to think of Richard or what he was doing.
think over 认真考虑(某事)
Why don’t you think it over for a while, and give me a call in a couple of days?
5.What’s more, ... (Page 55)
He enjoyed the meal and what’s more, he ate the lot!
You’re wrong, and what’s more, you know it!
6.I know you need money to build a new school for your village.(Page 56)
7.May I invite you to our food festival ? (Page 56)
Would you like to go for a walk ? 你愿意出去散散步吗?
You must come to dinner with us. 你一定要来和我们共进晚餐。
What/How about having a swim? 去游泳怎么样?
8.Will you please tell me something about yourself, your village school and Nigerian children? (Page 56)
Will you please 后接动词原形,表示语气委婉地征求对方建议。
Will you please open the window? 你愿意把窗户打开吗?
9.Extension six zero zero six,please. (Page 57)
Can I have extension six zero zero six, please?
Please dial extension six zero zero six.
A:Hello! May I speak to Tom?
Hello! I’d like to speak to Mr.Green.
I’ll call back later/again.
I’ll ring him/her up again.
B:Hello! This is Mary speaking.
Hold the line,please.
Sorry,I can’t hear you.
The line is bad/busy.
I couldn’t get through.
10.What’s up? (Page 57) 怎么啦?
What’s up? 表示询问,关心对方。类似的说法还有:
What’s wrong?/Anything wrong?
11.I come from Eniwari,Nigeria. (Page 58)
12.Let’s make his dream come true!(Page 59)
Let sb./sth. do sth., make sb./sth. do sth. 让某人做某事
He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.
13.Well done! (Page 61)
Very good!/ Wonderful! / Excellent! / Perfect!/ Keep trying!/ You can do it!
14. First, put a deep large pot on the cooker carefully. (Page 62)
a big old yellow handbag 一个又大又旧的黄色手提袋
15. Next,cut the ham, cabbage and green onions finely. (Page 62)
16. Then you can prepare some skins. (Page 62)
17. It’s a sandwich with butter, honey and a pear. (Page 63)
18.I’ve never heard of that!(Page 63)
这是一个现在完成时的句子,表示过去已经发生的事情,持续到现在或者会继续持续下去,它强调该动作的结果对现在造成影响。现在完成时由 have/ has +动词的过去分词构成。
I’ve been to Dalian.
I’ve known him before he came to this school.
19.It sounds difficult. (Page 63)
sound 听起来,连系动词,后面的形容词作表语。类似的动词还有:
look 看起来,taste 尝起来, feel 摸起来,smell 闻起来。
20.It’s impolite to eat with your arms or elbows on the table in America. (Page 64)
21.What should I do when I drink to somebody? (Page 65)
drink to somebody 为某人(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯
Let’s drink to you. 让我们为您(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯。
22.You should raise your glass and take only a sip. (Page 65)
have/take a sip 喝一小口
23.… but it is not polite to use both of them at the same time. (Page 67)
at the same time 同时
both of them 两者都
24.Let’s wish the students success! (Page 69)
wish 祝愿、期待
We wish you Merry Christmas.祝你圣诞快乐!
Best wishes to you!祝你一切如意!
25.Many different delicious foods are on sale.(Page 69)
on sale 出售
on show展览
26.There is a table for two over there. (Page 70)
a table for four4人桌
a table for six 6人桌
27.I’d like a bottle of Tsingtao beer.(Page 70)
类似的说法: Tsinghua University清华大学
28.May I have the bill? (Page 70)
have the bill 付帐
get the bill / pay the bill
29. soft drink (Page 71)
soft drink 软饮料(不含酒精)
hard liquor 烈酒
30.Let’s go Dutch.(Page 72)
让我们各付各的帐 / AA制。
31.This is the most delicious dinner I’ve ever had. (Page 72)
I’ve ever had 是定语从句,修饰前面的名词dinner。
这里被修饰的名词dinner 叫做先行词,它后面省略了引导词that。
32.I have some good news to tell you. (Page 73)
这里的不定式 “to tell ” 作前边名词 news 的定语。
This is the best way to travel. 这是旅行的最好方式。
33.go well 进展顺利(Page 73)
sell well卖得很好
This kind of clothes sells well. 这种衣服卖得很好。
34....and the results were worth the effort. (Page 73)
be worth doing... 值得做……
35.I’ll ask my mother to send it to you . (Page 73)
send to... 把……寄给……
send for... 派人去请如:
Her mother is ill. She sent for a doctor.
send sb. in派某人去(应付困难局面)
Troops were sent in to restore order.
36.Sincerely, Li Weikang. (Page 73) 真诚的,李伟康。
Best wishes,Tom
37.I don’t think I can eat it very neatly! (Page 74)
I think / believe / suppose+that... 宾语从句中,否定从句要写在主句上。
但译成汉语时,否定还在从句上,主语要求是I 或 we。
We don’t think you are right.我们认为你是错的。
They don’t believe that their teacher will come.他们相信老师不会来的。
38. First,we must have enough food and the food must be cleaned and cooked properly. (Page 75)
The food must be properly cooked. 这是一个被动语态的句子,the food 作主语,是动词cook 的承受者。主语应该是人,换成主动结构是:
People must cook the food properly.
39.Second, it’s very important for us to keep a balanced diet. (Page 75)
it 是形式主语, to keep a balanced diet 是真正的主语。
important和us 之间没有主谓关系,用介词for。如果有主谓关系,如主人的个性特点,就用介词of。
It’s very kind of you to help me. 你帮助我真是太好了。
It’s necessary for you to help me. 你很有必要帮助我。
It’s possible for you to study well. 对你来说学好是有可能的。
It’s impolite of you to talk with food full of mouth. 满口食物说话是不礼貌的。
40.It’s said that half of the students don’t eat a regular breakfast or any food in the morning. (Page 75)
It’s said that... 据说……
It’s reported that... 据报道……
41.A good breakfast keeps the body strong. (Page 75)
keep sb./sth. adj. 让某人/某物保持某种状态
keep sb./sth. doing sth. 或者keep sb./sth.+介词短语
keep doing sth.一直做某事
The teacher kept him standing for five minutes.老师让他站了五分钟。
I kept my dog in my room.我把我的狗关在房间里。
Beth kept writing all the night.贝斯整晚在写作。




八年级英语新湘教版下Unit 8 Topic 3 SectionD教案

八年级英语新湘教版下Unit 8 Topic 3 SectionD教案

Section D needs 1 period. Section D 需用1课时。

The main activities are 1a and 4. 本课重点活动是1a4

. Aims and demands目标要求

1. Learn some new words:

choice, hardly, except, marriage, outside

2. Learn useful expressions.

The most widely known item of American clothing is blue jeans.

They are the most popular choices of clothing for young people in countries around the world.

A well-known item of Japanese traditional clothing is the kimono.

Today, hardly anyone wears kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.

3. Learn about the world traditional fashion culture.

. Teaching aids 教具


. Five-finger Teaching Plan 五指教学方案

Step 1  Review 第一步  复习(时间: 8分钟)

复习Section C中的服装,并导入新课。

1. (复习已经学过的衣服名称。)

T:  What kind of clothes do you like?

S1:      I like sportswear.


T:  We have learnt many names of clothes. Right?

Ss:      Yes.

T:  Who can tell us any of them?


S3: Cheongsam, Tibetan costume, business suit.

S4: …

T:  Well done, boys and girls!

2. (回忆复习Section C中呈现的唐装。)

T:   We know that the Tang costume stands for Chinese history and fashion culture. Please tell us your opinions about the Tang costume in your own words.

S5: …


3. (回忆复习Section C中呈现的有关旗袍的知识。)

T:      Girls! What do you think of the cheongsam?


T:      Do you want to have a cheongsam when you grow up?

Girls: Yes. / No.

T:       The cheongsam is a women’s dress with Chinese features. The women who are wearing it are attractive. Now, who can give us more information about the cheongsam?



4. (教师引导学生进入新课。)

T:  The Tang costume is the most widely known item of Chinese clothing. Yes or no?

SS:      Yes.

T:   It stands for Chinese history and fashion culture. Do you want to know other countries’ fashion culture? Now, let’s look at 1a.


Step 2  Presentation 第二步  呈现(时间: 8分钟)


1. (出示课本中的图片和生词,学生听1a录音,并判断正误。)

T: Please look at the pictures and learn the new words, listen and mark True (T) or False (F).

T: Now, look at the blackboard and read the words after me.


widely, item, choice, well-known, traditionally

hardly, except, marriage, celebration, outside











T: Listen again, and mark True(T) or False(F).

(1) The most widely known item of American clothing is blue jeans.

(2) Traditionally the kimono was made of silk.

(3) Today, many people wear kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.


2. (学生互相讨论,找出文中他们认为重要或难理解的短语和句子。)

T: Now, please discuss with your partner and find out the useful phrases and sentences in 1a. Go!


Words and useful expressions

Important sentences

widely known


at one time

casual and formal occasions

1. They are the most popular choices of clothing for young people in countries around the world.

2. Today, hardly anyone wears kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.


3. (教师指导学生根据1a完成1b)

T: Now, boys and girls, please look at the form and finish 1b according to 1a.


Step 3  Consolidation 第三步  巩固(时间: 9分钟)

巩固并复述1a 的主要内容。

1. (教师放1a录音,学生跟读,注意语音语调的变化。)

T: Listen to 1a carefully and pay attention to the pronunciation and intonation.

2. (让学生自由朗读课文,为后面复述课文做准备。)

T: Now, read the passage again by yourselves. And try to get the main idea.


3. (让学生先回答问题,然后根据提示信息复述课文。)

T: Now, boys and girls, discuss with your partner and try to find the answers to the questions.


(1)Did many workers wear heavy cotton jeans in the past?

(2)Are all jeans blue today?

(3)What is the most important traditional clothing in Japan?

(4)When do Japanese people wear kimonos today?


T: Well done! Now, please try to retell the passage in your own words. The answers to the questions may help you.


T: Time is up. Who wants to have a try?

S1: …

S2: …


Step 4  Practice 第四步  练习(时间: 10分钟)


1. (2的录音,指导学生完成2)

T: Jenny and I went to Wangfujing Street yesterday. Do you want to know what we did there? Please listen to 2 and fill in the blanks.


2. (让学生看3a3b)

T: Please look at 3a and 3b, “Grammar focus” and “Useful expressions” in Topic 3. You can read it, if you have any problems, please ask me.


T: Please find out their original places in Topic 3.

3. (设置一个情景,练习宾语从句。)






T: Kangkang arrived at home. He wanted to tell her sister what Mr. Xia told them. Look at the pictures. Complete what Kangkang said.


(1) Mr. Xia said,“People use a heavy cotton material to make jeans.

(2) Mr. Xia said,“Traditionally the kimono was made of silk.

(3) Mr. Xia said,“It is a kind of clothing only for boys.


(1) Mr. Xia said that                                                



Step 5  Project 第五步  综合探究活动(时间: 10分钟)


1. (学生自己动手设计并画出自己喜爱的服饰。完成4)

T:  Now, boys and girls, what kind of clothes do you like best?



  T:   Now, please design the clothes which you like best and then draw pictures of them, do you understand?


T: Please mark the clothes you designed in English.

T: Please talk about the clothes freely in groups.

2. Homework:

  (做一个有关服装的海报,把它放在“Fashion Wall”上。)


1. 上课 (Beginning a class)

(1)Let’s start now. / Let’s begin our class/lesson.

(2)Stand up, please.

(3)Sit down, please.

2. 问候 (Greeting)

(4)Hello, boys and girls/children.

(5)Good morning, class/everyone/everybody/children/boys and girls.

(6)Good afternoon, class/everyone/everybody/children/boys and girls.

(7)How are you today?

3. 考勤 (Checking attendance)

(8)Who’s on duty today?/Who’s helping this morning/today?

(9)Is everyone/everybody here/present?

(10)Is anyone away/Is anybody away

(11)Is anyone absent?/Is anybody absent?

(12)Who’s absent?/Who’s away?

(13)Where is he/she?

(14)Try to be on time./Don’t be late next time.

(15)Go back to your seat, please.

(16)What day is it today?

(17)What’s the date today?

(18)What’s the weather like today?

(19)What’s it like outside?

4. 宣布 (Announcing)

(20)Let’s start working./Let’s begin/start a new lesson./Let’s begin/start our lesson.

(21)First, let’s review/do some review.

(22)What did we learn in the last lesson?

(23)Who can tell/remember what we did in the last lesson/ yesterday?

(24)Now we’re going to do something new/different./Now let’s learn something new.

(25)We have some new words/sentences.

5. 提起注意 (Directing attention)

(26)Ready?/Are you ready?

(27)Did you get there?/Do you understand?

(28)Is that clear?

(29)Any volunteers?

(30)Do you know what to do?

(31)Be quiet, please./Quiet, please.

(32)Listen, please.

(33)Listen carefully, please.

(34)Listen to the tape/the recording.

(35)Look carefully, please.

(36)Look over here.

(37)Watch carefully.

(38)Are your watching?

(39)Please look at the blackboard/picture/map …

(40)Pay attention to your spelling/pronunciation.

6. 课堂活动 (Classroom activities)

(41)Start!/Start now.

(42) Everybody together./All together.

(43)Practise in a group./Practise in groups./In groups, please.

(44)Get into groups of three/four …

(45)Everybody finds a partner/friend.

(46)In pairs, please.

(47)One at a time./Let’s do it one by one.

(48)Now you, please./Your turn (Student’s name).

(49)Next, please. Now you do the same, please.

(50)Let’s act./Let’s act out/do the dialogue.

(51)Who wants to be A?

(52)Practise the dialogue, please.

(53)Now Tom will be A, and the other half will be B.

(54)Please take (play) the part of …

(55)Whose turn is it?

(56)It’s your turn.

(57)Wait your turn, please.

(58)Stand in line./Line up.

(59)One by one./One at a time, please.

(60)In twos./In pairs.

(61)Don’t speak out.

(62)Turn around.

7. 请求 (Request)

(63)Could you please try it again?

(64)Could you please try the next one?

(65)Will you please help me?

8. 鼓励 (Encouraging)

(66)Can you try?

(67)Try, please.

(68)Try your best./Do your best.

(69)Think it over and try again.

(70)Don’t be afraid/shy.

9. 指令 (Issuing a command)

(71)Say/Read after me, please.

(72)Follow me, please.

(73)Do what I do.

(74)Repeat, please./Repeat after me.

(75)Once more, please./One more time, please.

(76)Come here, please.

(77)Please come to the front./Come up and write on the blackboard/chalkboard.

(78)Come and write it on the blackboard.

(79)Please go back to your seat.

(80)In English, please.

(81)Put your hand up, please. Raise your hand, please.

(82)Put your hand down, please./Hands down, please.

(83)Say it/Write it in Chinese/English.

(84)Please take out your books.

(85)Please open your books at page …/Find page …/Turn to page …

(86)Please answer the question/questions./Please answer my question(s).

(87)Please read this letter/word/sentence out loud. /Please read out this letter/word/sentence.

(88)Please stop now./Stop now, please./Stop here, please.

(89)Clean up your desk/the classroom, please.

(90)It’s clean-up time./Tidy up your desk/the classroom.

(91)Put your things away./Clean off your desk./Pick up the scraps.

(92)Clean the blackboard.

(93)Plug in the tape-recorder, please.

(94)Put the tape-recorder away.

(95)Put the tape in its box/cassette.

(96)Listen and repeat.

(97)Look and listen.

(98)Repeat after me.

(99)Follow the words.

(100)Fast./Quickly!/Be quick, please.

(101)Hurry!/Hurry up, please.

(102)Slow down, please.


(104)Bring me some chalk, please.

10. 禁止和警告 (Prohibition and warning)

(105)Stop talking./Stop talking now, please.

(106)Don’t talk./Everybody quiet, please.

(107)Don’t be silly.

(108)Settle down.

11. 评价 (Assessment)

(109)Good, thank you.

(110)Good!/Very good./Good job./Good work./Good example.

(111)A good answer./Nice work.

(112)Excellent./Great!/Well done./Very good./I like the way you …

(113)That’s interesting!

(114)Don’t worry about it./No problem.

(115)OK!/Thats OK.

(116)I don’t think so.

(117)That’s not quite right, any other answers?/That’s close./That’s almost right.

(118)Not quite, can anyone help him/her?/Try again.

(119)A good try.

12. 布置作业 (Setting homework)

(120)For today’s homework …

(121)Practise after class./Practise at home.

(122)Say it out aloud before you write it down.

(123)Copy/Print/Write each word twice.

(124)Remember (Memorize) these words/sentences.

(125)Learn these words/these sentences/this text by heart.

(126)Do your homework./Do the next lesson./Do the new work.

13. 下课 (Dismissing the class)

(127)Hand in your workbooks, please.

(128)Time is up.

(129)The bell is ringing.

(130)There’s the bell.

(131)There goes the bell.

(132)Let’s stop here.

(133)That’s all for today.

(134)Class is over.

                     (135)Goodbye./Bye./See you next time.