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我是怎样过周末的

「要求」




  周末两天的休息对于平时忙于工作学习的人们来说是非常宝贵的。请你根据下列提纲写一篇短文。



  周末对于人们来说意味着什么。



  每个人都有自己度周末的方式。



  我是怎样度周末的。



「范文」



  Weekends

Weekends to people mean that they can have a two-day good rest. For example, people can go out to enjoy themselves or get together with relatives and friends to talk with each other or watch interesting video tapes with the whole family.

  Everyone spends weekends in his own way. Within two days, some people can relax themselves by listening to music, reading novels, or watching films. Others perhaps are more active by playing basketball, wimming or dancing. Different people have different relaxations.

U7 相关语言知识材料

U7 相关语言知识材料
1.Do you know about Daniel Igali ?(Page 53)
你知道Daniel Igali 吗?
know of / about sth. 知道;了解
I have a friend who knows about antiques.我有一个朋友对古董很在行。
I don’t know about you,but I’m ready for something to eat.
不管你怎么样,反正我要吃点东西。
2. I’m interested in the food festival. (Page 53)
我对美食节很感兴趣。
be interested in 对……感兴趣
sb.+be interested in 某人对……感兴趣
sth.+be interesting 某事(物)很有趣
Sheila is interested in starting her own business.
希拉很想自己开一家公司。
The Sound of Music is very interesting.
《音乐之声》非常有意思。
3.I’ll chat with Daniel on the Internet,and try to get more information about him. (Page 53)
我会和丹尼尔在网上聊一聊,尽量得到更多有关他的信息。
chat 闲谈、聊天,又作chat away
Danny and Paul chatted away like old friends.
丹尼和保罗像老朋友似的在聊天。
4.I’m thinking about that. (Page 55)
我正在想这件事。
think about /of 思考、考虑、想
She lay awake thinking about the money.
她躺在那儿,心里想着那笔钱。
I tried not to think of Richard or what he was doing.
我尽量不去想理查德或者他在干什么。
think over 认真考虑(某事)
Why don’t you think it over for a while, and give me a call in a couple of days?
你何不认真地考虑一下,过一两天再给我来电话?
5.What’s more, ... (Page 55)
而且,更重要的是……
He enjoyed the meal and what’s more, he ate the lot!
他喜欢那顿饭,而且把它全吃光了。
You’re wrong, and what’s more, you know it!
你错了!而且你明明知道你错了。
6.I know you need money to build a new school for your village.(Page 56)
我听说你需要钱在你们村子建一所新学校。
7.May I invite you to our food festival ? (Page 56)
我可以邀请你来参加我们的美食节吗?
这是邀请别人的常用表达方式和习惯用语。类似的表示邀请的句型还有:
Would you like to go for a walk ? 你愿意出去散散步吗?
You must come to dinner with us. 你一定要来和我们共进晚餐。
What/How about having a swim? 去游泳怎么样?
8.Will you please tell me something about yourself, your village school and Nigerian children? (Page 56)
你愿意给我讲一些有关你自己、你们村的学校和尼日利亚孩子的事情吗?
Will you please 后接动词原形,表示语气委婉地征求对方建议。
Will you please open the window? 你愿意把窗户打开吗?
9.Extension six zero zero six,please. (Page 57)
请转分机号6006。
相当于:
Can I have extension six zero zero six, please?
Please dial extension six zero zero six.
打电话中还有一些习惯用语:
A:Hello! May I speak to Tom?
Hello! I’d like to speak to Mr.Green.
I’ll call back later/again.
I’ll ring him/her up again.
B:Hello! This is Mary speaking.
Hold the line,please.
Sorry,I can’t hear you.
The line is bad/busy.
I couldn’t get through.
10.What’s up? (Page 57) 怎么啦?
What’s up? 表示询问,关心对方。类似的说法还有:
What’s wrong?/Anything wrong?
11.I come from Eniwari,Nigeria. (Page 58)
我来自尼日利亚的Eniwari。
12.Let’s make his dream come true!(Page 59)
让我们把他的梦想变成现实吧!
Let sb./sth. do sth., make sb./sth. do sth. 让某人做某事
let、make、have是使役动词,后面的动词不定式作宾语要省略“to”。
He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.
他叫保安人员把他们轰出了俱乐部。
13.Well done! (Page 61)
干得好!
表示表扬和鼓励的语言,类似的还有:
Very good!/ Wonderful! / Excellent! / Perfect!/ Keep trying!/ You can do it!
14. First, put a deep large pot on the cooker carefully. (Page 62)
首先,把一个又大又深的锅轻轻地放到炊具上。
当多个形容词修饰同一个名词时,形容词的顺序为:大小、形状、年份、颜色、国家、材料等。
a big old yellow handbag 一个又大又旧的黄色手提袋
15. Next,cut the ham, cabbage and green onions finely. (Page 62)
接下来,把火腿、卷心菜和大葱切得细细的。
16. Then you can prepare some skins. (Page 62)
然后,你要准备一些饺子皮。
17. It’s a sandwich with butter, honey and a pear. (Page 63)
它是奶油蜂蜜夹梨的三明治。
18.I’ve never heard of that!(Page 63)
我从没听说过。
这是一个现在完成时的句子,表示过去已经发生的事情,持续到现在或者会继续持续下去,它强调该动作的结果对现在造成影响。现在完成时由 have/ has +动词的过去分词构成。
I’ve been to Dalian.
我曾去过大连。
I’ve known him before he came to this school.
他来这个学校之前,我就认识他。
19.It sounds difficult. (Page 63)
这听起来挺难的。
sound 听起来,连系动词,后面的形容词作表语。类似的动词还有:
look 看起来,taste 尝起来, feel 摸起来,smell 闻起来。
20.It’s impolite to eat with your arms or elbows on the table in America. (Page 64)
在美国,吃饭时把胳膊或肘放在饭桌上是很不礼貌的。
21.What should I do when I drink to somebody? (Page 65)
当我想向别人敬酒时,我该怎么办?
drink to somebody 为某人(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯
Let’s drink to you. 让我们为您(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯。
22.You should raise your glass and take only a sip. (Page 65)
你应该举起酒杯,喝一小口。
have/take a sip 喝一小口
23.… but it is not polite to use both of them at the same time. (Page 67)
但是两者同时使用是不礼貌的。
at the same time 同时
both of them 两者都
24.Let’s wish the students success! (Page 69)
让我们预祝同学们圆满成功!
wish 祝愿、期待
We wish you Merry Christmas.祝你圣诞快乐!
Best wishes to you!祝你一切如意!
25.Many different delicious foods are on sale.(Page 69)
出售许多美味的食物。
on sale 出售
on show展览
26.There is a table for two over there. (Page 70)
那边有一个双人桌。
a table for four4人桌
a table for six 6人桌
27.I’d like a bottle of Tsingtao beer.(Page 70)
我想喝瓶青岛啤酒。
类似的说法: Tsinghua University清华大学
28.May I have the bill? (Page 70)
可以结帐了吗?
have the bill 付帐
类似的还有:
get the bill / pay the bill
29. soft drink (Page 71)
soft drink 软饮料(不含酒精)
hard liquor 烈酒
30.Let’s go Dutch.(Page 72)
让我们各付各的帐 / AA制。
31.This is the most delicious dinner I’ve ever had. (Page 72)
这是我很久以来吃到的最好的晚宴。
I’ve ever had 是定语从句,修饰前面的名词dinner。
这里被修饰的名词dinner 叫做先行词,它后面省略了引导词that。
32.I have some good news to tell you. (Page 73)
我有好消息要告诉你。
这里的不定式 “to tell ” 作前边名词 news 的定语。
This is the best way to travel. 这是旅行的最好方式。
33.go well 进展顺利(Page 73)
sell well卖得很好
This kind of clothes sells well. 这种衣服卖得很好。
34....and the results were worth the effort. (Page 73)
……并且付出的努力都有回报。
类似结构有:
be worth doing... 值得做……
35.I’ll ask my mother to send it to you . (Page 73)
我将请我妈妈寄给你。
send to... 把……寄给……
send for... 派人去请如:
Her mother is ill. She sent for a doctor.
她妈妈病了。她叫人去请医生。
send sb. in派某人去(应付困难局面)
Troops were sent in to restore order.
部队被派去恢复秩序。
36.Sincerely, Li Weikang. (Page 73) 真诚的,李伟康。
这种格式通常要放在署名的位置。
类似的还有:
Yours,Lily
Best wishes,Tom
37.I don’t think I can eat it very neatly! (Page 74)
我认为我不能很整洁地吃呀!
I think / believe / suppose+that... 宾语从句中,否定从句要写在主句上。
但译成汉语时,否定还在从句上,主语要求是I 或 we。
We don’t think you are right.我们认为你是错的。
They don’t believe that their teacher will come.他们相信老师不会来的。
38. First,we must have enough food and the food must be cleaned and cooked properly. (Page 75)
首先,我们必须有足够的食物,食物必须弄干净,而且要正确烹调。
The food must be properly cooked. 这是一个被动语态的句子,the food 作主语,是动词cook 的承受者。主语应该是人,换成主动结构是:
People must cook the food properly.
39.Second, it’s very important for us to keep a balanced diet. (Page 75)
第二,保持平衡的饮食对我们很重要。
it 是形式主语, to keep a balanced diet 是真正的主语。
important和us 之间没有主谓关系,用介词for。如果有主谓关系,如主人的个性特点,就用介词of。
It’s very kind of you to help me. 你帮助我真是太好了。
It’s necessary for you to help me. 你很有必要帮助我。
It’s possible for you to study well. 对你来说学好是有可能的。
It’s impolite of you to talk with food full of mouth. 满口食物说话是不礼貌的。
40.It’s said that half of the students don’t eat a regular breakfast or any food in the morning. (Page 75)
据说有一半的学生没有均衡的早餐,甚至早上什么也不吃。
It’s said that... 据说……
It’s reported that... 据报道……
41.A good breakfast keeps the body strong. (Page 75)
一顿丰盛的早餐让身体强壮。
keep sb./sth. adj. 让某人/某物保持某种状态
类似结构还有:
keep sb./sth. doing sth. 或者keep sb./sth.+介词短语
keep doing sth.一直做某事
The teacher kept him standing for five minutes.老师让他站了五分钟。
I kept my dog in my room.我把我的狗关在房间里。
Beth kept writing all the night.贝斯整晚在写作。

一个母亲的日记(2009.5.20)

今天母亲节,农历四月十六,晚十点五十五分,这是个难忘的一天,因为我儿子的降生而变得很有意义。虽然漫长的分娩过程让我疲惫到了极点,但却丝毫没有睡意,今夜又是一夜没有合眼,这已经是第四个晚上了。虽然我只看了他一眼,虽然他并没有我期待的长相,说实话有点出乎意料,但已心满意足矣。他很健康很聪明很可爱很特别很……
我也当了母亲!

--
徐建群

八年级英语新湘教版下Unit 8 Topic 3 SectionD教案


八年级英语新湘教版下Unit 8 Topic 3 SectionD教案

Section D needs 1 period. Section D 需用1课时。

The main activities are 1a and 4. 本课重点活动是1a4

. Aims and demands目标要求

1. Learn some new words:

choice, hardly, except, marriage, outside

2. Learn useful expressions.

The most widely known item of American clothing is blue jeans.

They are the most popular choices of clothing for young people in countries around the world.

A well-known item of Japanese traditional clothing is the kimono.

Today, hardly anyone wears kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.

3. Learn about the world traditional fashion culture.

. Teaching aids 教具

录音机/图片

. Five-finger Teaching Plan 五指教学方案

Step 1  Review 第一步  复习(时间: 8分钟)

复习Section C中的服装,并导入新课。

1. (复习已经学过的衣服名称。)

T:  What kind of clothes do you like?

S1:      I like sportswear.

S2:     

T:  We have learnt many names of clothes. Right?

Ss:      Yes.

T:  Who can tell us any of them?

(教师让学生思考片刻,随意抽查几名学生。并对说得又多又准的学生进行鼓励。)

S3: Cheongsam, Tibetan costume, business suit.

S4: …

T:  Well done, boys and girls!

2. (回忆复习Section C中呈现的唐装。)

T:   We know that the Tang costume stands for Chinese history and fashion culture. Please tell us your opinions about the Tang costume in your own words.

S5: …

(教师对总结完整、表达清楚的学生要给予鼓励。)

3. (回忆复习Section C中呈现的有关旗袍的知识。)

T:      Girls! What do you think of the cheongsam?

Girls:

T:      Do you want to have a cheongsam when you grow up?

Girls: Yes. / No.

T:       The cheongsam is a women’s dress with Chinese features. The women who are wearing it are attractive. Now, who can give us more information about the cheongsam?

S6:   

(对于学生的回答,教师应给予恰当的评价。)

4. (教师引导学生进入新课。)

T:  The Tang costume is the most widely known item of Chinese clothing. Yes or no?

SS:      Yes.

T:   It stands for Chinese history and fashion culture. Do you want to know other countries’ fashion culture? Now, let’s look at 1a.

(过渡到下一步。)

Step 2  Presentation 第二步  呈现(时间: 8分钟)

呈现1a的重点词句,并完成1b

1. (出示课本中的图片和生词,学生听1a录音,并判断正误。)

T: Please look at the pictures and learn the new words, listen and mark True (T) or False (F).

T: Now, look at the blackboard and read the words after me.

(板书并教读生词。)

widely, item, choice, well-known, traditionally

hardly, except, marriage, celebration, outside

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(教师把判断题分发给学生,学生看题后再听1a录音。)

T: Listen again, and mark True(T) or False(F).

(1) The most widely known item of American clothing is blue jeans.

(2) Traditionally the kimono was made of silk.

(3) Today, many people wear kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.

(师生共同核对答案。)

2. (学生互相讨论,找出文中他们认为重要或难理解的短语和句子。)

T: Now, please discuss with your partner and find out the useful phrases and sentences in 1a. Go!

(板书)

Words and useful expressions

Important sentences

widely known

well-known

at one time

casual and formal occasions

1. They are the most popular choices of clothing for young people in countries around the world.

2. Today, hardly anyone wears kimonos except on special occasions like marriages and national celebrations.

(必要的话,教师给予解释。)

3. (教师指导学生根据1a完成1b)

T: Now, boys and girls, please look at the form and finish 1b according to 1a.

(师生共同核对答案。)

Step 3  Consolidation 第三步  巩固(时间: 9分钟)

巩固并复述1a 的主要内容。

1. (教师放1a录音,学生跟读,注意语音语调的变化。)

T: Listen to 1a carefully and pay attention to the pronunciation and intonation.

2. (让学生自由朗读课文,为后面复述课文做准备。)

T: Now, read the passage again by yourselves. And try to get the main idea.

(学生自由朗读时,教师设置提示性问题,为学生复述降低难度。)

3. (让学生先回答问题,然后根据提示信息复述课文。)

T: Now, boys and girls, discuss with your partner and try to find the answers to the questions.

(板书)

(1)Did many workers wear heavy cotton jeans in the past?

(2)Are all jeans blue today?

(3)What is the most important traditional clothing in Japan?

(4)When do Japanese people wear kimonos today?

(师生共同核对答案。)

T: Well done! Now, please try to retell the passage in your own words. The answers to the questions may help you.

(让学生准备两三分钟。随意抽查几名学生复述。)

T: Time is up. Who wants to have a try?

S1: …

S2: …

(活动结束,教师给予适当的评价,以鼓励为主。)

Step 4  Practice 第四步  练习(时间: 10分钟)

练习并完成2,复习3a3b

1. (2的录音,指导学生完成2)

T: Jenny and I went to Wangfujing Street yesterday. Do you want to know what we did there? Please listen to 2 and fill in the blanks.

(师生共同核对答案。)

2. (让学生看3a3b)

T: Please look at 3a and 3b, “Grammar focus” and “Useful expressions” in Topic 3. You can read it, if you have any problems, please ask me.

(让学生在原文中找出这些句子。)

T: Please find out their original places in Topic 3.

3. (设置一个情景,练习宾语从句。)

 

 

 

 

 

T: Kangkang arrived at home. He wanted to tell her sister what Mr. Xia told them. Look at the pictures. Complete what Kangkang said.

(板书)

(1) Mr. Xia said,“People use a heavy cotton material to make jeans.

(2) Mr. Xia said,“Traditionally the kimono was made of silk.

(3) Mr. Xia said,“It is a kind of clothing only for boys.

(教师可设计一些其他的句子。)

(1) Mr. Xia said that                                                

(2)                                                              

(3)                                                              

Step 5  Project 第五步  综合探究活动(时间: 10分钟)

学习设计服装,完成4

1. (学生自己动手设计并画出自己喜爱的服饰。完成4)

T:  Now, boys and girls, what kind of clothes do you like best?

  S1:     

  S2:     

  T:   Now, please design the clothes which you like best and then draw pictures of them, do you understand?

(让学生把设计好的服装标上英文名称。)

T: Please mark the clothes you designed in English.

(把学生分成小组讨论一下服装。)
T: Please talk about the clothes freely in groups.

2. Homework:

  (做一个有关服装的海报,把它放在“Fashion Wall”上。)


附录:课堂教学用语

1. 上课 (Beginning a class)

(1)Let’s start now. / Let’s begin our class/lesson.

(2)Stand up, please.

(3)Sit down, please.

2. 问候 (Greeting)

(4)Hello, boys and girls/children.

(5)Good morning, class/everyone/everybody/children/boys and girls.

(6)Good afternoon, class/everyone/everybody/children/boys and girls.

(7)How are you today?

3. 考勤 (Checking attendance)

(8)Who’s on duty today?/Who’s helping this morning/today?

(9)Is everyone/everybody here/present?

(10)Is anyone away/Is anybody away

(11)Is anyone absent?/Is anybody absent?

(12)Who’s absent?/Who’s away?

(13)Where is he/she?

(14)Try to be on time./Don’t be late next time.

(15)Go back to your seat, please.

(16)What day is it today?

(17)What’s the date today?

(18)What’s the weather like today?

(19)What’s it like outside?

4. 宣布 (Announcing)

(20)Let’s start working./Let’s begin/start a new lesson./Let’s begin/start our lesson.

(21)First, let’s review/do some review.

(22)What did we learn in the last lesson?

(23)Who can tell/remember what we did in the last lesson/ yesterday?

(24)Now we’re going to do something new/different./Now let’s learn something new.

(25)We have some new words/sentences.

5. 提起注意 (Directing attention)

(26)Ready?/Are you ready?

(27)Did you get there?/Do you understand?

(28)Is that clear?

(29)Any volunteers?

(30)Do you know what to do?

(31)Be quiet, please./Quiet, please.

(32)Listen, please.

(33)Listen carefully, please.

(34)Listen to the tape/the recording.

(35)Look carefully, please.

(36)Look over here.

(37)Watch carefully.

(38)Are your watching?

(39)Please look at the blackboard/picture/map …

(40)Pay attention to your spelling/pronunciation.

6. 课堂活动 (Classroom activities)

(41)Start!/Start now.

(42) Everybody together./All together.

(43)Practise in a group./Practise in groups./In groups, please.

(44)Get into groups of three/four …

(45)Everybody finds a partner/friend.

(46)In pairs, please.

(47)One at a time./Let’s do it one by one.

(48)Now you, please./Your turn (Student’s name).

(49)Next, please. Now you do the same, please.

(50)Let’s act./Let’s act out/do the dialogue.

(51)Who wants to be A?

(52)Practise the dialogue, please.

(53)Now Tom will be A, and the other half will be B.

(54)Please take (play) the part of …

(55)Whose turn is it?

(56)It’s your turn.

(57)Wait your turn, please.

(58)Stand in line./Line up.

(59)One by one./One at a time, please.

(60)In twos./In pairs.

(61)Don’t speak out.

(62)Turn around.

7. 请求 (Request)

(63)Could you please try it again?

(64)Could you please try the next one?

(65)Will you please help me?

8. 鼓励 (Encouraging)

(66)Can you try?

(67)Try, please.

(68)Try your best./Do your best.

(69)Think it over and try again.

(70)Don’t be afraid/shy.

9. 指令 (Issuing a command)

(71)Say/Read after me, please.

(72)Follow me, please.

(73)Do what I do.

(74)Repeat, please./Repeat after me.

(75)Once more, please./One more time, please.

(76)Come here, please.

(77)Please come to the front./Come up and write on the blackboard/chalkboard.

(78)Come and write it on the blackboard.

(79)Please go back to your seat.

(80)In English, please.

(81)Put your hand up, please. Raise your hand, please.

(82)Put your hand down, please./Hands down, please.

(83)Say it/Write it in Chinese/English.

(84)Please take out your books.

(85)Please open your books at page …/Find page …/Turn to page …

(86)Please answer the question/questions./Please answer my question(s).

(87)Please read this letter/word/sentence out loud. /Please read out this letter/word/sentence.

(88)Please stop now./Stop now, please./Stop here, please.

(89)Clean up your desk/the classroom, please.

(90)It’s clean-up time./Tidy up your desk/the classroom.

(91)Put your things away./Clean off your desk./Pick up the scraps.

(92)Clean the blackboard.

(93)Plug in the tape-recorder, please.

(94)Put the tape-recorder away.

(95)Put the tape in its box/cassette.

(96)Listen and repeat.

(97)Look and listen.

(98)Repeat after me.

(99)Follow the words.

(100)Fast./Quickly!/Be quick, please.

(101)Hurry!/Hurry up, please.

(102)Slow down, please.

(103)Slowly.

(104)Bring me some chalk, please.

10. 禁止和警告 (Prohibition and warning)

(105)Stop talking./Stop talking now, please.

(106)Don’t talk./Everybody quiet, please.

(107)Don’t be silly.

(108)Settle down.

11. 评价 (Assessment)

(109)Good, thank you.

(110)Good!/Very good./Good job./Good work./Good example.

(111)A good answer./Nice work.

(112)Excellent./Great!/Well done./Very good./I like the way you …

(113)That’s interesting!

(114)Don’t worry about it./No problem.

(115)OK!/Thats OK.

(116)I don’t think so.

(117)That’s not quite right, any other answers?/That’s close./That’s almost right.

(118)Not quite, can anyone help him/her?/Try again.

(119)A good try.

12. 布置作业 (Setting homework)

(120)For today’s homework …

(121)Practise after class./Practise at home.

(122)Say it out aloud before you write it down.

(123)Copy/Print/Write each word twice.

(124)Remember (Memorize) these words/sentences.

(125)Learn these words/these sentences/this text by heart.

(126)Do your homework./Do the next lesson./Do the new work.

13. 下课 (Dismissing the class)

(127)Hand in your workbooks, please.

(128)Time is up.

(129)The bell is ringing.

(130)There’s the bell.

(131)There goes the bell.

(132)Let’s stop here.

(133)That’s all for today.

(134)Class is over.

                     (135)Goodbye./Bye./See you next time.

 


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