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U7 相关语言知识材料

U7 相关语言知识材料
1.Do you know about Daniel Igali ?(Page 53)
你知道Daniel Igali 吗?
know of / about sth. 知道;了解
I have a friend who knows about antiques.我有一个朋友对古董很在行。
I don’t know about you,but I’m ready for something to eat.
不管你怎么样,反正我要吃点东西。
2. I’m interested in the food festival. (Page 53)
我对美食节很感兴趣。
be interested in 对……感兴趣
sb.+be interested in 某人对……感兴趣
sth.+be interesting 某事(物)很有趣
Sheila is interested in starting her own business.
希拉很想自己开一家公司。
The Sound of Music is very interesting.
《音乐之声》非常有意思。
3.I’ll chat with Daniel on the Internet,and try to get more information about him. (Page 53)
我会和丹尼尔在网上聊一聊,尽量得到更多有关他的信息。
chat 闲谈、聊天,又作chat away
Danny and Paul chatted away like old friends.
丹尼和保罗像老朋友似的在聊天。
4.I’m thinking about that. (Page 55)
我正在想这件事。
think about /of 思考、考虑、想
She lay awake thinking about the money.
她躺在那儿,心里想着那笔钱。
I tried not to think of Richard or what he was doing.
我尽量不去想理查德或者他在干什么。
think over 认真考虑(某事)
Why don’t you think it over for a while, and give me a call in a couple of days?
你何不认真地考虑一下,过一两天再给我来电话?
5.What’s more, ... (Page 55)
而且,更重要的是……
He enjoyed the meal and what’s more, he ate the lot!
他喜欢那顿饭,而且把它全吃光了。
You’re wrong, and what’s more, you know it!
你错了!而且你明明知道你错了。
6.I know you need money to build a new school for your village.(Page 56)
我听说你需要钱在你们村子建一所新学校。
7.May I invite you to our food festival ? (Page 56)
我可以邀请你来参加我们的美食节吗?
这是邀请别人的常用表达方式和习惯用语。类似的表示邀请的句型还有:
Would you like to go for a walk ? 你愿意出去散散步吗?
You must come to dinner with us. 你一定要来和我们共进晚餐。
What/How about having a swim? 去游泳怎么样?
8.Will you please tell me something about yourself, your village school and Nigerian children? (Page 56)
你愿意给我讲一些有关你自己、你们村的学校和尼日利亚孩子的事情吗?
Will you please 后接动词原形,表示语气委婉地征求对方建议。
Will you please open the window? 你愿意把窗户打开吗?
9.Extension six zero zero six,please. (Page 57)
请转分机号6006。
相当于:
Can I have extension six zero zero six, please?
Please dial extension six zero zero six.
打电话中还有一些习惯用语:
A:Hello! May I speak to Tom?
Hello! I’d like to speak to Mr.Green.
I’ll call back later/again.
I’ll ring him/her up again.
B:Hello! This is Mary speaking.
Hold the line,please.
Sorry,I can’t hear you.
The line is bad/busy.
I couldn’t get through.
10.What’s up? (Page 57) 怎么啦?
What’s up? 表示询问,关心对方。类似的说法还有:
What’s wrong?/Anything wrong?
11.I come from Eniwari,Nigeria. (Page 58)
我来自尼日利亚的Eniwari。
12.Let’s make his dream come true!(Page 59)
让我们把他的梦想变成现实吧!
Let sb./sth. do sth., make sb./sth. do sth. 让某人做某事
let、make、have是使役动词,后面的动词不定式作宾语要省略“to”。
He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.
他叫保安人员把他们轰出了俱乐部。
13.Well done! (Page 61)
干得好!
表示表扬和鼓励的语言,类似的还有:
Very good!/ Wonderful! / Excellent! / Perfect!/ Keep trying!/ You can do it!
14. First, put a deep large pot on the cooker carefully. (Page 62)
首先,把一个又大又深的锅轻轻地放到炊具上。
当多个形容词修饰同一个名词时,形容词的顺序为:大小、形状、年份、颜色、国家、材料等。
a big old yellow handbag 一个又大又旧的黄色手提袋
15. Next,cut the ham, cabbage and green onions finely. (Page 62)
接下来,把火腿、卷心菜和大葱切得细细的。
16. Then you can prepare some skins. (Page 62)
然后,你要准备一些饺子皮。
17. It’s a sandwich with butter, honey and a pear. (Page 63)
它是奶油蜂蜜夹梨的三明治。
18.I’ve never heard of that!(Page 63)
我从没听说过。
这是一个现在完成时的句子,表示过去已经发生的事情,持续到现在或者会继续持续下去,它强调该动作的结果对现在造成影响。现在完成时由 have/ has +动词的过去分词构成。
I’ve been to Dalian.
我曾去过大连。
I’ve known him before he came to this school.
他来这个学校之前,我就认识他。
19.It sounds difficult. (Page 63)
这听起来挺难的。
sound 听起来,连系动词,后面的形容词作表语。类似的动词还有:
look 看起来,taste 尝起来, feel 摸起来,smell 闻起来。
20.It’s impolite to eat with your arms or elbows on the table in America. (Page 64)
在美国,吃饭时把胳膊或肘放在饭桌上是很不礼貌的。
21.What should I do when I drink to somebody? (Page 65)
当我想向别人敬酒时,我该怎么办?
drink to somebody 为某人(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯
Let’s drink to you. 让我们为您(的健康、成功、幸福等等)干杯。
22.You should raise your glass and take only a sip. (Page 65)
你应该举起酒杯,喝一小口。
have/take a sip 喝一小口
23.… but it is not polite to use both of them at the same time. (Page 67)
但是两者同时使用是不礼貌的。
at the same time 同时
both of them 两者都
24.Let’s wish the students success! (Page 69)
让我们预祝同学们圆满成功!
wish 祝愿、期待
We wish you Merry Christmas.祝你圣诞快乐!
Best wishes to you!祝你一切如意!
25.Many different delicious foods are on sale.(Page 69)
出售许多美味的食物。
on sale 出售
on show展览
26.There is a table for two over there. (Page 70)
那边有一个双人桌。
a table for four4人桌
a table for six 6人桌
27.I’d like a bottle of Tsingtao beer.(Page 70)
我想喝瓶青岛啤酒。
类似的说法: Tsinghua University清华大学
28.May I have the bill? (Page 70)
可以结帐了吗?
have the bill 付帐
类似的还有:
get the bill / pay the bill
29. soft drink (Page 71)
soft drink 软饮料(不含酒精)
hard liquor 烈酒
30.Let’s go Dutch.(Page 72)
让我们各付各的帐 / AA制。
31.This is the most delicious dinner I’ve ever had. (Page 72)
这是我很久以来吃到的最好的晚宴。
I’ve ever had 是定语从句,修饰前面的名词dinner。
这里被修饰的名词dinner 叫做先行词,它后面省略了引导词that。
32.I have some good news to tell you. (Page 73)
我有好消息要告诉你。
这里的不定式 “to tell ” 作前边名词 news 的定语。
This is the best way to travel. 这是旅行的最好方式。
33.go well 进展顺利(Page 73)
sell well卖得很好
This kind of clothes sells well. 这种衣服卖得很好。
34....and the results were worth the effort. (Page 73)
……并且付出的努力都有回报。
类似结构有:
be worth doing... 值得做……
35.I’ll ask my mother to send it to you . (Page 73)
我将请我妈妈寄给你。
send to... 把……寄给……
send for... 派人去请如:
Her mother is ill. She sent for a doctor.
她妈妈病了。她叫人去请医生。
send sb. in派某人去(应付困难局面)
Troops were sent in to restore order.
部队被派去恢复秩序。
36.Sincerely, Li Weikang. (Page 73) 真诚的,李伟康。
这种格式通常要放在署名的位置。
类似的还有:
Yours,Lily
Best wishes,Tom
37.I don’t think I can eat it very neatly! (Page 74)
我认为我不能很整洁地吃呀!
I think / believe / suppose+that... 宾语从句中,否定从句要写在主句上。
但译成汉语时,否定还在从句上,主语要求是I 或 we。
We don’t think you are right.我们认为你是错的。
They don’t believe that their teacher will come.他们相信老师不会来的。
38. First,we must have enough food and the food must be cleaned and cooked properly. (Page 75)
首先,我们必须有足够的食物,食物必须弄干净,而且要正确烹调。
The food must be properly cooked. 这是一个被动语态的句子,the food 作主语,是动词cook 的承受者。主语应该是人,换成主动结构是:
People must cook the food properly.
39.Second, it’s very important for us to keep a balanced diet. (Page 75)
第二,保持平衡的饮食对我们很重要。
it 是形式主语, to keep a balanced diet 是真正的主语。
important和us 之间没有主谓关系,用介词for。如果有主谓关系,如主人的个性特点,就用介词of。
It’s very kind of you to help me. 你帮助我真是太好了。
It’s necessary for you to help me. 你很有必要帮助我。
It’s possible for you to study well. 对你来说学好是有可能的。
It’s impolite of you to talk with food full of mouth. 满口食物说话是不礼貌的。
40.It’s said that half of the students don’t eat a regular breakfast or any food in the morning. (Page 75)
据说有一半的学生没有均衡的早餐,甚至早上什么也不吃。
It’s said that... 据说……
It’s reported that... 据报道……
41.A good breakfast keeps the body strong. (Page 75)
一顿丰盛的早餐让身体强壮。
keep sb./sth. adj. 让某人/某物保持某种状态
类似结构还有:
keep sb./sth. doing sth. 或者keep sb./sth.+介词短语
keep doing sth.一直做某事
The teacher kept him standing for five minutes.老师让他站了五分钟。
I kept my dog in my room.我把我的狗关在房间里。
Beth kept writing all the night.贝斯整晚在写作。

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