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  2008年八年级英语素质能力测试

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  2008年八年级英语素质能力测试
(总分:100分 时间:90分钟)
一,选择最佳答案填空(25分)
( )1.Hello,everybody!You are taking the important exam now. Don’t be nervous. It is not as diffcult as you imagine. I am sure you all will succeed. Please answer every question with great care. You know you are, mistakes you’ll make.
A.the careful, the few B.the more careful,the less
C.careful,few D.the more careful,the fewer
( )2--- Do you mind if I smoke here? --- _______.
A. Pardon, I do B. Yes, not at all
C. No, I do mind D. I’m sorry, but I do
( )3.Premier Wen(温总理) used _______ a very good football player, but this was a long time ago.
A. to being B. being C. be D. to be
( )4. Look, they _______ in the playground. There _______ a sports meeting in our school next week.
A. are running; is going to be B. run; will
C. are running; is going have D. run; is going
( )5. You have more pens than ______. But ______ are nicer than _______.
A. I; mine; yours B. I; my; yours
C. me; mine; you D. my; mine; you
( )6. --- What is Tom like? --- ___________________.
A. He is good at English. B. He is very tall and fat.
C. He is a student. D. He likes fast food very much.
( )7. Sam had to say sorry for his mistakes, __________?
A. did he B. had he C. didn’t he D. hadn’t he
( )8. --______we swim in that river?
--No, you______. It’s dangerous to swim there.
A. Must, can’t B. May, mustn’t C. Can, may not D. Shall, don’t
( )9. --I’m sorry I _____ my homework at home.
--Don’t forget ______ it to school tomorrow.
A. forgot, to take B. left, to bring C. forgot, to bring D. left, to take
( )10. We can't see _________ moon in _________ daytime.
A.the;a B.the;the C.the;/ D.a;the
( )11. Did the teacher say _________ in the last lesson?
A.something else interesting B.anything else interesting
C.interesting something else D.interesting anything else
( )12. --- Ken has hurt his leg. --- ______________________.
A. How did he hurt it? B. I am sorry to hear that.
C. Who told you that? D. No, I don’t know.
( )13.Who can tell me _____ at the meeting?
A. what he said B. he said what C. what did he say D. bow he said
( )14. --Which would you like, a cup of tea or a cup of coffee?
--_______ is OK. I'm really thirsty.
A. None B. All C. Either D. Neither
( )15. Would you please ______the door heavily ?
A. not to knock at B. not knock at C. don’t knock at D. to knock at
16、---Is _______true that Americans eat hamburgers and hot dogs every day?
---No, that’s not true, but they are both very popular foods in America.
A. this B. anything C. it D. something
17.—I think that China will win the World Cup one day.
—I_______. The Chinese team is becoming stronger and stronger.
A. agree B. disagree C. don’t agree D. think
18.-----Let’s go fishing if it _____ this weekend.
------But nobody knows if it _____.
A. is fine, will rain B. will be fine, rains
C. is fine, rains D. will be fine, will rain
19. Every day he makes me_______ early and __________ in the morning.
A. to get up; run B.get up; to run C. to get up; to run D. get up; run
20.______when you left the station?
A.Is it raining B.Did it raining C.Does it rain D.Was it raining
21.— Dad, do you like my picture?
— _______! It’s the nicest one I never saw.
A. What a strong boy B. How careful
C. How wonderful D. What a brave boy
22. When he heard the sad news, his face ___ white.
A. grew B. became C. got D. turned
23. He prefers ___ to school on foot to___ the bus.
A. to go; to take B. going; taking C. to go; take D. go; take
24. “Remember_______ your homework on time, Li Ming”, his mother said.
A. to finish B. to finishing C. finishing D. have to finish
25.----Would you mind turning down the music? ----______.
A. Yes, I would B. No, of course C. No, not at all
三、完形填空(15分)
A
When we were having an English test this morning, I felt somebody was watching me a little too closely. I turned my26quickly and saw Jack, who sat right behind me. My eyes caught 27 and he said very quietly,“I hope you studied for this28 !”
“What am I going to do?”I thought to myself. I 29 cheating(作弊)in exams. Besides, I’d studied 30 for the test. Clearly Jack hadn’t. During the exam, I tried several ways to guard my answers so that Jack wouldn’t be able to see them.when the exam 31 , I felt I should let him know cheating was 32 . And I didn’t want to destroy(破坏)our friendship. My mind 33 the right words.
“Sorry, Jack,34 you know how I feel about cheating.”I said slowly and gently.“Maybe I could help you35 before the next test.”“Ok, Bob,”he smiled weakly,“It rnight not be easy, but I’ll have a try.”
26.A.head B.hand C.crasser D.pencil
27.A.hers B.his C.ours D.yours
28.A.exam B.job C.book D.chance
29.A.suggest B.like C.hate D.finish
30.A.slow B.slowly C.hard D.hardly
31.A.ended B.began C.went on D.took place
32.A.good B.wrong C.easy D.difficult
33.A.agreed with B.scardhed for C.took up D.looked at
34.A.and B.move C.so D.but
35.A.drive B.move C.count D.study

(B)
阅读下面关于宠物的材料,选择恰当的标题,并把答案写在括号内。
A. Pet Hotels
B. Pet toys
C. Robots for Pets
D. A Panther for Pet
E. Assistant Needed in Pet Hospitals
F. Smaller Pets
( )36. Many people like animals and take them as their pets. Pet hospitals are very busy. Kind persons who love animals are needed to work in busy animal hospitals. They will teach you the job.
( )37. Scientists think that pets will probably be much smaller, because people in the future will be living in much smaller spaces. Scientists are already working on making very small farm animals. The same things might be done to make smaller cats and dogs.
( )38. It's said that some day you might own a panther as a pet. Scientists might have to start turning wild animals into pets. This might be the only way to save them from dying out.
( )39. What about a robot for a pet? This may sound silly, but it could become true. Robot dogs have been made to fetch, and bark like real dogs. These "pets" might become more and more popular in the future. After all, robots don't lose hair or chew(嚼)on things the way real pets do.
( )40. Lots of people miss their pets while they are on holiday. One hotel in Minnesota has solved this problem. They lend cats to their guests. many experts (专家)believe this idea will become more and more popular. It is very possible that in the future you will be able to order a pet, as well as room service, at a hotel.
.阅读理解:30分
A
Some members of an international voluntary organization (国际自愿组织) arrived at a small village of an African country. The villagers lived in the small houses, which were built with wood and leaves. There was no school or hospital. The villagers didn’t know how to grow crops. They only went to kill some wild animals and pick some fruits in the mountains as their food.
The volunteers (志愿者) came here to help the village kids. They brought with them many textbooks and some medicine. They taught the kids how to play volleyball and also tried to learn their language so that they could talk with the kids better. Because of their hard work, the international voluntary organization offered the villagers the money to carry electricity to the village. When the lights in every house were shining, the villagers were very excited. They called them “ the little suns”. Then, they held a party to choose some lucky men who would invite the volunteers to go to their homes to see the beautiful night together with their families.
( )41. The volunteers came to the small village ________________.
A. for fun B. to help the villagers
C. for a trip D. to do some experiments
( )42. How did the villagers get their food?
A. They grew crops.
B. Someone offered them the food.
C. They got it from the river.
D. They looked for it in the mountains by themselves.
( )43. The volunteers tried to learn their language because _______________.
A. it was great fun
B. they thought it was interesting
C. they wanted to talk with the kids better
D. they wanted to learn this kind of language
( )44. Before the volunteers came to the village, there was _______________.
A. no electricity in the village B. only a school in the village
C. no food for the villagers D. a hospital in the village
( )45. The lucky men could _______________.
A. turn on the lights first
B. carry electricity to the village
C. be offered some money to carry electricity
D. have a chance to invite the visitors to go to their homes
B.
TV commentary(实况报道,现场解说),
Today our program is about the 2008 Olympic mascots(吉祥物)—Beibei, Jingjing, Huan-huan, Yingying, and Nini. If you put their names together, they say "Beijing welcomes you!" in Chinese, They are symbols for the Games. They carry within themselves Chinese People's best wishes for the success of the Games. Here, let's learn about them one by one.
HUANHUAN The child of fire stands for(代表) the red Olympic ring (环). He is in the centre, the big brother of the five. He carries the Olympic spirit(精神).He is the most warm-hearted and outgoing of the five. He can do well in all ball games.
YINGYING The antelope(藏羚) stands for the yellow Olympic ring. Yingying is smart and moves quickly. Like all antelopes, he is strong in track and field events (田径比赛). The antelope is one of the first animals put under protection (保护) in China. Choosing the antelope shows (表明) that China wants a Green Olympics.
  Do you want to know more about the other three mascots? Please come back after the four short advertisements.
  ( )46. "Beijing welcomes you!" means"_____".
  A.It carries the Olympic spirit     B.It stands for a Green Olympics
  C.You're welcome to Beijing       D.It is a symbol for the Games
( )47.Which is the most warm-hearted brother of the five mascots?
  A. Beibei.     B.Jingjing.     C.Huanhuan.    D.Yingying.
  ( )48.Yingying stands for the _____ Olympic ring.
  A.yellow      B.black        C.red         D.green
  ( )49. Where can we see Yingying?
  A.In water sports.            B.In track and field events.
  C.In ball games.             D.At weight sports.
  ( )50.How many mascots for the 2008 Olympics has the reporter explained in detail (详细地)in the TV commentary?
  A.Six.       B.Two.        C.Four.        D.Five.
C
My friend, Dick, has a large police dog. It’s name is Jack. Every Saturday afternoon Dick takes Jack for a long walk in the park. Jack likes these long walks very much.
One Saturday afternoon, a young man came to visit my friend. He stayed a long time. He talked and talked. Soon it was time for my friend to take Jack for a walk. But the man was still there. Jack became very worried. He walked around the room several times and then sat down in front of the man and looked at him. But the man kept talking. Finally Jack could stand it no longer. He went out of the room and came back a few minutes later. He sat down again in front of the man, but this time he held the man’s hat in his mouth.
51 From the story, we know that Jack is ________.
A Dick’s good friend B a large police dog C a young man
52 Where does Dick walk with his dog every Saturday afternoon?
A In his room B In the street C In the park
53 Jack became very worried one afternoon because ______.
A he couldn’t be taken out for a walk at the usual time.
B a young man came to visit Dick that afternoon.
C Dick walked around his room several times.
54 What does the word “stand” mean in the passage?
A 站立 B理解 C忍受
55 Why did Jack sit down again in front of the man with the hat in his mouth?
A Try to take the man laugh. B Like the young man very much.
C Ask the young man to leave
五. 情景反应并填词 (共5小题,计5分)
A:Good morning! Can I 56 you?
B:Yes,please. I’d like to buy a pair of leather tennis shoes.
A:What colour do you want?
B:I can’t decide.
A:Er...We have two colout, Which one do you like better?
B:I think I 57 white to black.
A:What size shoes do you wear?
B:Size 37.
A:How about this pair?
B:They look nice and soft. May I try them 58 ?
A:Certainly.
B:Oh,I’m afraid they’re a little 59 for me.
A:Here’s another pair in Size 38.What do you think of them?
B:Oh,good. They’re big enough. How much are they?
A:Two hundred and eighty yuan.
B:They’re too dear.
A:Maybe. But good things always 60 much.
B:OK.I’ll take them.
56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
六.能力测试 (5小题,共10分)
61. 三峡大坝是如此的宏伟,全中国人民都引以为豪。
The Three Gorges Dam is so great that ______________________________ it.
62。Are there museums in the ciry?Could you tell me?(合并成含宾语从句的复合句)

63. —Can I help you? —A cup of black tea,please.
What does the Chinese for “black tea” ? ___________________
64. — What's wrong with my computer? Dad, can you help me?
— Let me have a look... It's OK now.
— You're great, Dad.
— It's a piece of cake.
What does“It's a piece of cake.”mean? __________________________________.
65. Who can stop many cars with one hand? _____________
七,书面表达(15分)
2008年5月12日,在中国的四川汶川发生8级大地震(earthquake),全国人民和全世界的人民都一直关注.
  (1)假设kangkang 是你在四川的pen-pal,请给他写 一封信,询问一些情况比如他现在生活学习的情况,并表达你对关心和问候,40个字左右.(5分)
   Dear kangkang:
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
                              Yours
Tom
(2) 在地震中有许多人遇难,许多人失去他们的家园,许多的孩子失去父母,失学.这些都
  令人伤心.为了让灾区的人民和孩子们重建家园,还他们一点幸福和安慰.我们决定为他们筹款.请你写一封倡议书,介绍灾区情况,号召大家捐款.字数不少于80字.(10分)
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

八年级期中复习专项练习——组词成句

1. would like, you, cheer on, we .
2. grow up, I, on a farm .
3. be going to be, in the future, what, you ?
4. arrive in, He, Zhangzhou, yesterday .
5. Class One, play against, tomorrow, Class Two .
6. they, Japan, leave for, the day after tomorrow .
7. take part in, she, the long jump, next weekend .
8. run, be good for, heart, our .
9. swim, a good way, be, keep fit .
10. fall ill, last night, Kangkang .
11. be glad to, I, you, help .
12. would you mind, make one’s bed ?
13. here, be far from, it .
14. do one’s best, should, study, we .
15. turn down, music, please, the .
16. vegetable, we, instead of, eat, chocolate .
17. what, you, mean, say, by, do, that ?
18. I, the, book, be important to .
19. be angry with, my, yesterday, mom, I .
20. where, meet, shall, we ?
21. he, have fun with, last weekend, foreigners, .
22. she, make friends with, want, Jay .
23. host, Beijing, the 2008 Olympics .
24. Maria, do exercise, be fond of .
25. red, stand for, in, good luck, China .
26. had better, doctor, you, see, a .
27. we, should, our, take care of, eye .
28. sorry, that, I, hear, be .
29. had better, eat, candy, you, not, too much .
30. I, must, give up, he, ask, smoke .
31. go to bed early, is, bad, good, our, health, for, or ?
32. must, keep, open, window, all the time, we ?
33. please, my, care for, tell, father, him .
34. it, save, be, my, duty, patient .
35. don’t have to, we, catch, be afraid of, the flu .
36. may, ask, you, I, question, some ?
37. not, exercise, an, stomach, on, empty .
38. they, at the party, enjoy oneself .
39. you, Sunday, be free, this, ?
40. be sure, we, next time, win .
八年级期中复习专项练习——组词成句

8年级下句型转换专练

8年级下句型转换专练
1. Do you walk to school every day? Do you go to school ____ _____ every day?
2. They are flying to Japan. They are ______to Japan ______ _____.
3. It’s time to have a meeting. It’s time _______ _____ _______.
4. Sometimes he goes shopping with her mother. (提问)
5. He sang all English songs. (用now改写)
6. They are going to leave for Tianjin at 2:00in the afternoon.(提问)
7. I often have lunch at school.(用he 改写)
8. She likes skating. (改为否定)
9. She likes rice very much. (同义改写)
10. Wang Lin often helps his parents on Sundays. (提问)
11. Tom likes red and orange a little. (提问)
12. He can find his pen. (改为一般疑问句,并否定回答)
13. You must clean your bedroom now.(改为祈使句)
14. Play here, please.(改为否定)
15. Which sport do you like best? ______ ______ _______ ________sport?
16. There is a little light in my room. (改为一般疑问句)
17. There is a dog behind the house (改为否定句)
18. Is there a bird in the sky? (否定回答)
19. There is only one child in the room. (提问)
20. The map on the wall is big. (提问)
21. Today is Friday. (提问)
22. A week has seven days. ______ _____seven days in a week.
23. We have nice car. (改为一般疑问句)
24. The shop is closed now. The shop ______ _______now.
25. You have a sister in our school. (改为否定)
26. The is some rice in the box. (改为否定)
27. There are some oranges on the tree. (改为单数)There ____ ______ on the tree.
28. There are some bags on the playground. (提问)
29. There are two boys in the house. (提问)
30. There is only one tree near the house. (提问)
31. There is no bird in the tree. There _____ ______bird in the tree.
32. I can see many kites in the sky. _____ _____many kites in the sky.
33. The table is on the floor. (提问)
34. Where is his hat? (改为复数)
35. Lucy can see some birds in the sky. (改为否定)
36. He prefers to live in a students dormitory. ______ _______he prefer to live in?
37. The traffic in our city is very crowed. The traffic in our city is ______ ______.
38. What’s the matter? _______ _________?
39. A plane is faster than a train. A train ______ _____than a plane.
40. We can go to Beijing by train. We can _____ ______train _____Beijing.
41. I want go fly to Beijing. I want to ______to Beijing _____ ____.
42. Let’s take a bus to the hotel. Let’s ____to the hotel _____ ____.
43. They can go to Beijing by train. (提问)
44. I take a bus to school every day. (提问)
45. He needs some help. (改为一般疑问句)
46. The bank is about 6 kilometers away. (提问)
47. You need a number 10 bus. (提问)
48. The bus is stop along the road. (提问)
49. The park is near to the school. The park isn’t ____ _______the school.
50. I will buy a doll for Maria as a birthday present.
51. I will ______ _____ _____ ____as a birthday present.
52. I think Kangkang is a good boy. (改为否定)
53. It’s nice. I will buy it. It’s ______. I will _____it.
54. Polly can sing some English songs. (改为一般疑问句)
55. How about you? _____ _____you?
56. Can you take photos? Can you _____ _____?
57. What’s seven plus seven? What’s seven ____seven?
58. There are many flowers in your garden. (改为一般疑问句)
59. Show me that soccer. Let me _____ _____ _____ ____that soccer.
60. There are some apples in the basket. (改为否定)
61. I think he is right. (改为否定)
62. I want two glasses of water. I ______ _____two glasses of water.
63. Now give me a bottle of milk, please. Now give a bottle of mild ______ ____. Please.
64. I want to play games. Do you want to go? I want to play games . _____ ______ you?
65. I can sing well. (用dance改为选择问句)
66. You can be in our school concert. I think. (合并成一句)
67. Her brother can do Chinese Kung Fu very well. (改为否定)
68. Her brother can’t play Chinese chess very well. (改为肯定)
69. Can I help you? ______ ______ ______ _____ _____ ______?
70. I can swim. (提问)
71. I am sorry .I don’t know. I am sorry. I ____ ____ _____.
72. Does the girl go shopping on Sundays? Does the girl ____ ____ _____on Sundays?
73. Jill and her classmates are going on a picnic.
Jill _____going to _____a picnic ______his classmates.
74. 74. What’s the weather like today? ______ ______weather today?
75. It will rain the day after tomorrow. It will _______ _______the day after tomorrow.
76. What’s your favorite season? Which season do you _______ _____?
77. My ruler is longer than Ann’s. Ann’s ruler is _______ ______mine.
78. 78. Tom is the tallest in our class. Tom is taller ______ _______ ______in our class.
79. It was clod yesterday. (提问)
80. 80 Kate has munch at twelve every day. (改为否定)
81. They are delicious mooncakes. (改为感叹句)It’s bad weather today. (改为感叹句)
83. Jim speaks English very well. (改为感叹句)
84. There was a heavy rain last night. It ______ ______last night.
85. 85. There was a strong wind just now. It ________ _______just now.
86. I think it’s going to rain (改为否定)
87. There weather was warm yesterday, ______ _____?(改为反意疑问句)
88. It will be snowy tomorrow. There ______ _______ _______tomorrow.
89. Tina gave me an English book. (提问)
90. The mountains were very beautiful. (提问)
91. The boys visited China last year. (提问)
92. He met his father in the corner of the street. (提问)
93. It was hot and wet in Sichuan last year. (提问)
94. I like singing a song at the party. (提问)
95. Today is November ninth. (提问)
96. My mother bought me a skirt. My mother ______ _____ _____ _____ ____.
97. I would like some water to drink. (改为一般疑问句)
98. There is some milk in the bottle. (改为否定)
99. There is something wrong with his computer. His computer _____ ____.
100. They have sports on Thursday. (提问)

湘教版八年级英语下学期专项训练

湘教版八年级英语下学期专项训练
单项选择(共80小题)
 We cant go there together , _______ you _________ I can go .
A Both , and B Neither , nor C .Either, or D .Between, and
 I’ll take you about half an hour ________ the hospital.
A get B to get C .get to D . to get to
 Liu Mei is a good ,kind girl . _________.
A. So I am B. So she is C. She is so D. So is she
 When you are waiting for a bus _______ the bus stop .you must stand ________line .
A .in ,at B .in ,on C. at ,in D , at ,on
 Could you ______ were seven years old ?
A . play the basketball B. play the piano C .played a piano D .play a basketball
 Can you _________ the differences between the two questions ?
A. find for B . look for C . find out . D . look at
 The girl was poor ,so she couldn’t afford _____a ticket .
A . to buy B . bought C . buying D . buy
 The baby is crying. Can you made it ________?
A .to stop to cry B . to stop crying C . stop to cry D . stop crying
 The book ______how to lose weight is very popular .in the USA now .
A .in B. called C . is called D . name
 I didn’t see_______.
A. what did the boy happen B. What the boy happened C . What happened to the boy D . W hat the boy did happen
 _________ one of them _______ to stay at home ?
A. Does ,have B. Do ,have C .has ,do D . Have ,do
 The doctor told me ________ more water .
A. drinking B . drank C .to drink D. drink
 You’d better ________ in the sun .
A. not to read B .not read C .read D .didn’t read
 He was born __________ November 1st ,1968.
A . on .B .in C .at D .from
 ---_________ I watch TV after supper ,mum ? ---No ,you ______finish your homework first .
A .May ,must B .Must ,may C .C an ,may , D .May ,can
 I saw him_ ______ basketball on the playground just now .
A. playing B. to play C .plays D .played
 Lin Hong wasn’t _______ to catch up with them .
A. fast enough B .enough fast C .slowly enough D .enough slowly
 They stopped _______ ,but there was no sound .
A .listen B. hear C . plays D .played
 ---it was cold yesterday.---_______.
A. So it was B. So was it C. It was so .D. Was it so
 His father made him ________ at home all day .
A. stay B. to stay C .staying D. stayed
 Things are ________ on the moon than on the earth.
A. much lighter B. much heavier C .more lighter D .more heavier
 “_____ away this old T-shirt and ________ me the new one .” he said .
A. Bring ,take B. Take , bring C. Get ,take D. Bring ,carry
 The novel is very _______ ,and we are _______ in it .
A. interesting , interesting B. interesting ,interested C. interested , interested D. interested ,interesting
 Sasha and Masha_______ from Moscow.
A. both are B .are both C .are all D .all are
 _________ fun we had !
A. What B. What a C. How D. How a
 ---Must I stay at home and take care of the baby?--- No ,you ________.
A. mustn’t B .won’t C .can’t D .needn’t
 We’ll leave at six tomorrow morning .come _______ you can .
A. as lately as B . as late as C. as early as D. so early as
 While we ______ the classroom, our teacher _____in.
A. clean ,came B .were leaning coming C. were cleaning ,came D .cleaned ,is coming
 You read this lesson quiet well. Now lets _______ the next one .
A. go on reading B. go on to read C .go in D. go on read
 I want to tell you ________ about the famous singer .
A. interesting something B. something interesting C. interesting anything D. anything interesting
 We’ll phone you as soon as we _______ there tomorrow.
A. got B. will get C. are getting D. get
 ________ his friends nor he _______ eating sandwiches.
A. Either ,like B. Neither ,likes C. Neither ,like D. Either ,likes
 ---Did you go to the zoo yesterday ? --- No ,some of us went to the museum _______ the zoo ,the others went to the cinema,_______ .
A. instead ,instead B. instead of , instead of C. instead , instead of D. instead of ,instead
 Be quick ,______ you’ll be late for school.
A. and B. but C. or D. so
 The problem was too difficult for the children ,so ____of them worked it out .
A. a little B. a few C. little D. a lot
 He found _______ them _______ cats .
A. it B. this C. that D. its
 The old man stays here ______ ,but he isn’t _______ .
A. alone ,lonely B. alone ,alone C. lonely, alone , D. lonely ,lonely
 Please tell them _____cats.
A. not to play B. not to play with C. don’t play with D. to not play with
 There is ______ hole in _______ wall of ______ office .
A. a, the ,/ B. the ,the ,the C. a, the ,the D. the ,/,the
 What ________ you _______ when it started to rain ?
A. did ,do B. were doing C. are doing D. were do
 Wei Min is better _______ English _______ me .
A. as ,as B. on ,than C. at ,than D. in ,as
 Bruce is ________ boy .
A. a eight-year-old B. an eight-year old C. an eight-year-old D. eight years old
 Linda _______ to bed until she finished doing her maths homework last night .
A. went B. go C. don’t go D. didn’t go
 It s very nice _______ you ________ so .
A. for ,doing B. of ,to do C. of ,do D. for ,to do
 Mary is ______ student ,she often helps granny Li with the housework .
A. quite good B. a good quite C. quite a good D. good a quite
 Would you please _______ any noise here ? your mother is sleeping now .
A. not make B. not to do C. not to make D. not do
 Suddenly I heard a strange _______ downstairs .then came a man s _______ , “who’s over there ?”
A. sound ,voice B. voice ,sound C. noise ,sound D. sound ,noise
 She is trying ______ the work on time .
A. finish B. finished C. to finish D. finishes
 I find _______ easy _______ English .
A. that ,study B. it ,to study C. it’s ,study D. it ,studying
 This pair of shoes _______ mine .
A. have B. are C. is D. has
 I heard someone next door ______ some beautiful songs .
A. to sing B. sing C. sings D. singing
 It’s time for us ________ .
A. for leaving B. leave C. to leave D. left
 He is forgetful . he always ______his things behind .
A. leave B. forget C. leaves D. forgets
 He spent lots of time ______ unusual things with the old computer .
A. do B. to do C. doing D. did
 Tom is very shy ( ) .don’t play jokes _______ him .
A. at B. in C. on D. by
 There is a dog _______ on the floor .
A. lie B. to lie C. lying D. lay
 English is as _______ as maths ,I think.
A. important B. more important C. most important D. less important
 Congratulations _______ you _______ your good result .
A. to ,for B. to ,on C. for ,on D. for ,to
 ________ lost _________ in the computer games .
A. We ,myself B. He ,himself C . She ,themselves D. they ,ourselves
 The baby is asleep . ________ the radio ,will you ?
A. Turn on B. Turn off C. Put on D. Put off
 ---may I do my homework after e watch TV ?--- No ,you _______ ,you _____do your homework first .
A. may mot ,must B. mustn’t must C. may not ,can D. needn’t must
 Neither I nor John _______cooking at home .
A. does like B. like C. likes D. liking
 Peter doesn’t feel like ________ that film .
A. watch B. watches C. to watch D. watching
 We had to work for hours to stop the rain from ________ in .
A. come B. to come C. coming D. came
 This room is too small _______ us to _______.
A. for ,live B. of ,live C. for ,live in D. of ,live in
 The teacher hopes us not to make the same mistake in our homework _______ .
A. any more B. more C. and more D. any more again
 I don’t know _____ next .
A. what to do it B. how to do C. what to do D. how to use
 “you’d better ______ too much meat .” said the doctor.
A. not to eat B. to eat C. not eat D. eating
 Mrs. black eats ________ meat ,so she is ______ fat now .
A. too much ,much too B. much too ,too much C. too much ,too much D. much too ,much too
 Please ______ the knife to him as soon as he _______ back .
A. will give ,will come B. give ,comes C. will give, comes D. give will come
 ---I don’t want to watch that film .
A. So do I B. So I do C. Neither do I D. Neither I do
 Uncle Wang is telling us a story _______ .
A. in a low voice B. on a low voice C. in a low sound D. on a low voice
 Tom hit John _______ face .
A. in the B. in C. on his D. on
 She is a ________ girl ,she does everything _______ .
A. careful ,careful B. carefully ,carefully C. careful ,carefully D. carefully ,careful
 It _______ toms book._______ your book is in your desk.
A. may be ,Maybe B. may be ,May be C. maybe ,Maybe D. maybe ,May be
 _______ either you or your father cook dinner on weekdays ?
A. Do B. Are C. Does D. Is
 He went out without ______ anything.
A. speaking B. telling C. talking D. saying
 She is one of ________ in our school .
A. more popular ,teacher B. many popular, teacher C. the most popular, teachers D. the popular ,teacher
 ---I like watching TV .what about you ?---______.
A. So do I B. I do so C. So am I D. So did I
 There is no more _______ in that ________ for so many people .
A. room ,rooms B . rooms ,room C . room ,room D. rooms ,room
根据句意用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空.(共52小题)
 Who jumped _______ (far) in your class?
 The little girl is playing _________ (happy).
 We’ll help her to find the ________ (miss) bag.
 Boys ,help ______(you) to some chicken ,please.
 Hainan island is one of the ________ ( large ) islands in China.
 Tom learns Chinese all by _______ ( he ).
 This pen is very expensive . I want to buy a _______ (cheep ) one .
 One of his ________(tooth ) is bad ,so it s hard for him to eat things .
 Nobody ________(know) where the ticket is .
 The man looks ________(worry),doesn’t he ?
 I think the green bike is the _______(bad ) of all.
 My little dog s ________ die )makes me very sad .
 September is the ________(nine )month of the year .
 The children enjoyed _______(they )in the park yesterday.
 Walk along the road ,and turn left ft the third ________(cross).
 Our teacher came into the classroom very _____ (quiet ).
 The foreign ________(visit ) will come to the Great Wall tomorrow .
 ________(Italy ) ,like to play football in the street .
 I don’t want any of them to get ______(lose).
 What an ________(interest )story it is !
 The others won’t
 Be _____(please)if you jump the queue.
 She was one of the best _______(sing)at the concert.
 It _______(seem)that you are younger.
 The teacher made him _______(stay)in the classroom after school.
 Both of the answers ________(be )wrong.
 Neither of them _______(be )good at Chinese.
 Either the boys or Lucy ____(have)some mew books .
 Neither Tom nor his brother _______(be )right.
 The boys watered the flowers .so ______ (do ) Lily.
 It’ll take me about an hour _______(do )my homework .
 It’s your turn ______(answer)this question.
 Jim fell down from the tree and his right leg _______(hurt).
 The woman had to _______(wait )for her turn .
 They are waiting for the rain _______(stop).
 She is too young _______(go )to school.
 The students were busy ________(sweep)the classroom.
 I usually forget ________(close) the door ,but I remembered _______(close)it when I left yesterday.
 The teacher told the students ________(not talk )in class.
 You’d better _______(not go )to school late .
 I’ll tell him as soon as he ______(read )books .
 She doesn’t feel like _____(eat )anything today .
 The accident stopped us from _____(come )here on time .
 After a while the baby stopped _____(cry)and smiled.
 I have to buy a new pen because my pen is _____(miss).
 Thank you for _____(invite )us to your home .
 I can hear a girl _____(sing )English songs every night .
 They listened to the news _____(silent).
 After we had a short rest on the mountain ,we went on _____(climb)it up.
 All the runners are standing at the _____(start )line .
 How _____(bright the moon shines today!
 Would you please _____(decide)which one to choose as soon as possible?
 Kate _____(not go )to bed until her mother came back .
 The man fell off his bike and ____(lie)on the road .
 I looked at the man and the woman _____(angry)because they were talking _____(loud).
 He couldn’t run as _____(quick)as his brother .
 “what does this word ______?’”what’s the _____ of this word ?” (mean )
 The lady came to _____(her ) after her daughter gave her mouth _to _mouth _______(breathe).

句型转换.(共35小题)
 Do you want to have a cup of tea ?(改为同义句)
_____you ____to have a cup of tea ?
 Mary is not wrong ,I think .(合并为一句)
I _____think Mary _____wrong ,
 These are few people in the street ,_____ there ?(完成反意疑问句)
Both mike and tom are at school . (变为否定句)
_____mike _____tom _____at school .
 She left after we arrived . (改为同义句)
She _____ ______ until we arrived .
 Miss Li went to the classroom in a hurry ,there were a few books under her arm . (合并为一句)
Miss Li _____ to the classroom _____ a few books under her arm .
 It takes him several hours to play bridge every day . (改为同义句)
He _____ several hours _____ bridge every day .
 Is that a good idea ?I’m not sure . (合并为一句)
I’m not sure _____ _____ a good idea .
 Hurry up ,or you won’t catch the early bus . (改为同义句)
_______ you don’t hurry up ,you’ll _____ the early bus .
 I sometimes play computer games .(对划线部分提问)
_____ _____do you play computer games ?
 The man at the head of the queue is a teacher . (对划线部分提问)
_____ _____ is a teacher ?
 He doesn’t want to do anything . (改为同义句)
He doesn’t _____ _____doing anything .
 My father doesn’t help my mother cook .my brother doesn’t ,either . (改为同义句)
_____ my father _____ my brother _____my mother cook .
 Liu Mei is a very kind girl . (改为同义句)
_____ ______ _____ girl Liu Mei is !
 Maybe he is our headmaster . (改为同义句)
 They all had a good time last Sunday .
They all _____ _____ last Sunday . (改为同义句)
 In the library we should be quiet .
Don’t _____ any _____ in the library . (改为同义句)
 He is looking for his pen here and there . (改为同义句)
He is looking for his pen _____.
 There was nobody at home . (改为同义句)
There wasn’t _____ at home .
 She often leaves her son _____ _____ at home . (改为同义句)
She often leaves her son ________ __________ at home.
 The ice is very thin ,we can’t skate on the ice . (合并为一句)
The ice is _____ thin _____ skate on .
 She has breakfast at seven in the morning . (改为一般疑问句)
_____ she _____ breakfast at seven in the morning ,
 Get up early and you won’t be late .(改为条件状语从句)
If you _____ get up early ,you _____ be late .
 Can I borrow your dictionary ? (改为同义句)
Can you _____ your dictionary ______ me ?
 We had to buy a mew computer ,_____ _____ ? (完成反意疑问句)

My School Life

Hi! I am a girl. I’m fourteen years old. I come from a small village of Shandong. I am a student of Class 3, Grade 3. My School life is very interesting. Class begins at 8:05a.m. I have four classes in the morning. In the afternoon, I often have two or three classes. We learn Chinese, English, math, history, biology, geography, politics, physics and so on. I learn them with great interest. I like P.E. best. Because have sports is good for us. And we’ll have a sport meet this term; I want to take part in the long jump. I have lunch at school at about a quarter to twelve, because my home is a little far from the school. After school, I often play basketball with my classmates on the playground. Sometimes, I go to the school library. In my spare time, I often practice speaking English with my good friends.
My teachers and classmates are very friendly with me. I like my school life very much. What about your school life? Can you tell me?


1.Because have sports is good for us. 应为 Because having sports is good for us.

2.And we'll have a sport meet this term;应为And we'll have a sports meeting this term;

3.My teachers and classmates are very friendly with me.应为My teachers and classmates are very friendly to me.

4.文章叙事清楚,有条理,文笔流畅.是一篇很好的习作.

hobby

What's your hobby?My hobby is collecting stamps.Do you like stamps? they are very interesting.I have many stamps.When I go out,I always buy stamps.Some stamps are about people.Some stamps are about building.They are very funny.My gtandparents gave me some stamps for my birthday.I stored them in my book.I like them very much.Tell me your hobby.If you like stamps,let's be friends

1 they are very interesting.应是 They are very interesting.句子首字母要大写

2 My gtandparents gave me some stamps for my birthday.应是My grandparents gave me some stamps for my birthday.拼写错误,要细心呀。

能有自己的爱好,是很不错的。既能陶冶情操,还能锻炼自己的意志。文章完整,内容充实,没有很多语法错误,望继续努力,争取写的更好!

如何才能写出通顺的英语作文

英语写作是语言应用的一个重要方面,也是语言能力测定的重要手段,衡量写作水平的标准便是看其是否能用学过的语言材料,语法知识等用文字的形式来表达描述。

  书面语言表达一般分为三个过程:思维、组织、表达。先是思维,把要写的东西在脑中思考,这往往是个别的,孤立的一些素材,很凌乱琐碎;因此要对此进行组织,把这些思维作出整理,使其条理、系统化,但这还是较粗糙的,可能还有一些用词不当或语言错误;最后才是表达,把组织过的材料仔细推敲,确无问题了再落笔成文。在撰写时要注意主谓语一致,时态呼应,用词贴切等,这就是写作。上述的三个过程,最难的就是第三个过程,这需要我们有较好的语法知识,掌握一定数量的句型,习惯用语,熟练的写作技巧,这样才能写出通顺生动的文章来。

  总之,要提高英语写作水平,需要两方面的训练:一是语言基础方面的训练,要有扎实的造句、翻译等基本功,即用词法、句法等知识造出正确无误的句子;二是写作知识和能力方面的训练以掌握写作方面的基本方法和技巧。

  那么,究竟怎样才能写好作文呢?

  阅读优秀范文
首先要搞好阅读。阅读是写作的基础,在阅读方面下的功夫越深,驾驭语言的能力也就越强。所以要写好英语先要读好英语,在语言学习方面狠下苦功,教科书要读透,因为教科书中的文章都是一些很好的范文,文笔流畅,语言规范,精彩的一些课文段落要背诵。再就是要进行大量课外阅读,并记住一些好文章的篇章结构。

加强练词造句训练
  其次,要加强练词造句的训练。词句对作文相当于造房的材料,无好材料就造不出好房子。平时在学习阅读时要注意收集积累,把好的词语、短语、句型做好笔记。平时在练习中的错误也要做好记录,再对照正确句子,使地道的英语句子如同条件反射,落笔就对。
  了解英语写作格式
  还有,要了解英语写作的不同体裁与格式。可以先看一本介绍英语写作入门的书,对英语写作有一个初步的概念,如怎么写议论文,如何提出论据,如何展开,如何确定中心句;又如,英语信的格式,如何根据不同身份写不同结束语等,然后根据不同的体裁进行写作练习。
  用英语写日记
  要养成记英语日记勤练笔的好习惯。经常用英语记日记,等于天天在练笔,这无疑是提高英语协作的行之有效的好办法。在记日记时,不要总是用简单句,要有意识地用一些好的词组、句型、关联词和复合句等,使文句更优美生动。还有要按照题目或所给情景写文章练笔。写好后对照范文,找出差距,然后再练习,这对提高英语作文也很有帮助,在游泳中学会游泳,只有多练习才能练好。
总之,平时学习语言素材积累多了,体裁格式记住了又经常练习不断提高,到作文下笔时就会得心应手,水到渠成。

八年级英语(仁爱版)下册语言点归纳

八年级英语(仁爱版)下册语言点归纳
Unit 8 Beautiful Clothes
Topic 1 What a nice coat !
重点词汇及短语:
(一)词汇:
1.服装名称:
belt腰带 blouse宽松的上衣 boots 靴子 cap 帽子
coat外套 dress套裙 gloves手套 hat 帽子
jacket夹克 jeans牛仔裤 pants裤子 raincoat雨衣
scarf围巾 shirt衬衣 shoes鞋子 shorts 短裤
skirt裙子 socks 短袜 stockings长袜 suit套服
sweater毛衣 tie领带
2.小件
briefcase公文包 purse钱包 umbrella雨伞 wallet 皮夹
3.衣服号码
small小号 medium 中号 large 大号 extra large特大号
(二)短语:
1.on the first floor 在一楼
2.get…from… 从……中得到……
3.shopping center 购物中心
4.catch one's eye 吸引某人的注意
5.go with… 与……相配
6.on special days 在特殊的日子
7.in fact 事实上,实际上
8.thanksgiving Day 感恩节
9.depend on 依靠,依赖,相信
10.It's said that 据说
11.Santa Claus 圣诞老人
12.the same…as… 与……一样
13.protect…from… 保护……使不受……
14.as well as 也,还
15.be made of/from 由……制成
重点句型:
1.what's it made of 它是由什么做成的
be made of意为"由……制成"(看出原料),类似结构的短语还有
be made from"由……制成"(看不出原料)
be made in "某物生产于某地"
be made up of"由……组成"
be made into"把……作成某产品"如:
The table is made of wood.这张桌子是木头制成的.
Paper is made from wood.纸是木材做成的.
The TV set is made in Japan.这台电视机是日本产的.
The medical team is made up of ten doctors.这支医疗队由十位大夫组成.
Bamboo can be made into walking sticks and fishing rods.
用竹子可以制成很好的拐杖和钓鱼竿.
2.The weather is getting warmer and warmer.天气变得越来越暖和了.
"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越……"如:
The little tree is getting taller and taller.那棵小树越来越高了.
对于多音节的形容词或副词则这样表达more and more+adj/adv.如:
The girl becomes more and more beautiful.
那个女孩变得越来越漂亮了
3.We can get cotton from plants and get wool,silk and leather from animals.
我们可以从植物中获得棉花,从动物中获得羊毛,丝绸和皮革.
get sth .from/sth./sb.从某事或某人处获得某物.
4.A…caught her eye.一个……引起了她的注意.如:catch one's eye 意为"吸引某人的注意"如:
Can you catch the teacher's eye
你能引起老师的注意吗
5.What the people there wear depends on their likes and dislikes.
人们的衣着取决于他们的喜好.
depend on 意为"依靠,依赖"如:
We depend on our hard work.我们依靠我们的努力工作.
6.Some people prefer to dress formally…一些人宁可打扮得正式些
prefer 宁肯,更喜欢……, prefer A to B = like A better than B
I like prefer singing =I like singing better.我更喜欢唱歌.
I prefer swimming to skating.比起滑冰我更喜欢游泳.
7.While many South American people have the same way of dressing as Australia
然而许多南美的人们和澳大利亚有相同的衣着方式.
While用于对比两件事物,意为"而……,然而……"
Michael is interested in music, while his brother prefers P.E.
迈克对音乐感兴趣,而他的兄弟却更喜欢体育.
the same… as 和……一样/相同,反义词:be different from…与……不一样,如:
My idea is the same as yours, but it's different from his我的主意和你的一样,但和他的不一样.
8.People first started wearing clothes to protect themselves from the sun ,wind, rain and cold.人们最早穿衣服是为了保护他们不受日晒,风吹,雨打以及寒冷.
protect …from sth/doing sth 阻止……做……
The trees can protect the sand from moving.树可以防止沙子向前移.
Try to protect your skin from the sun.尽量保护你的皮肤不受太阳暴晒.
语法学习:感叹句
(1)感叹句用于表示说话时的一种较为强烈的感情.如:喜悦,赞叹,惊异,愤怒,厌恶等.感叹句的构成为"感叹部分+陈述部分+(主语+谓语)",感叹部分由感叹词引导,陈述部分为整个感叹句的主语和谓语,句尾要用叹号"!",读时要用降调.如:
What a nice day it is ! 多好的天气!
What a good boy he is ! 多好的男孩!
How silly you are ! 你真傻!
How beautiful it is ! 它多美啊!
(2)感叹句的四种形式:
What +a(an)+名词单数+主语+谓语
What +形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语
How +形容词+主语+be
How +副词+主语+动词
(3)口语中,what或how引导的感叹句可省略主语+谓语.如:
What an interesting book! /How interesting!
( 4) what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换.
What a beautiful girl she is!=How beautiful the girl is!
How delicious the food is!=What delicious food it is!
Topic2 What would you like to wear
重点词汇:
1.school uniform 校服
2.allow sb.to do sth 允许某人做某事
3.make a survey 做调查
4.be in need 在需要时
5.take off 脱下,脱掉;起飞
6.on every occasion 在每一个场合
7.have a business meeting 开商务会议
8.dress for 为……穿衣服/打扮
9.in fashion 流行,时尚
10.out of fashion 不流行,过时
11.advise sb.(not) to do sth. 建议/劝告某人(不要)做某事
12.at other times 在其余的时候;有的时候
重点句型:
1.I don't like uniform because they will so ugly on us.
我不喜欢校服,因为我们穿了它看起来很丑.
look so ugly on us意为"穿在我们身上看起来很丑"
2.I think our school should allow us to design our own uniform.
我认为我们的学校应该允许我们设计自己的校服.
allow"允许,许可",allow sb .to do sth."允许某人做某事"如:
Mr.Wang allows us to play football.王老师允许我们踢足球.
3.They are good for patients.
他们对病人有好处.
be good for 对……有益,be bad for 对……有坏处,be good at 擅长于
4.Second,patients can find easily when they are in need.
第二,当病人需要我们时,会很容易地找到我们.
be in need "需要",与 need同义.如:
When you are in need, you can call me.当你在需要的时候,你可以打电话给我.
5.You should take off your shoes when you enter someone's home in Japan.
当你进入日本人家的时候,必须先脱掉鞋子.
take off意为"脱下,脱掉",反义词组是put on. take off还可表示"起飞"
The plane will take off in an hour.飞机将在一小时内起飞.
6.But now ,most of us can dress for ourselves.
但是现在我们大多数人都可以自己打扮.
dress for"为……穿衣服"
put on"穿(戴)上"的动作,反义词take off
wear, have …on, be on…"穿(戴)着"的状态.
dress sb./oneself"给别人/自己穿衣服,dress up"穿上盛穿,乔装打扮"
dress后不能接"衣服"类的词作宾语.
7.It's well-known that uniforms are not popular but useful.
众所周知,制服不流行但有用.
①It's well- known…意为"众所周知"如:
It's well- known that this song is very popular. 众所周知,这首歌很流行.
②not…but… 不是……而是……
He isn't a teacher but a doctor.他不是一个老师而是一个医生.
语法学习:
① 跟to do的动词口诀
希望想学就同意,
(hope, wish, would like, want, learn, agree)
需要决定选to do.
(need, decide, choose)
开始喜欢又讨厌,
(begin, start, like, prefer, love, hate)
to do, doing意无别.
忘,记停止继续试.
(forget, remember, stop, go on, try)to do意不同.
命令警告邀人教,
(order ,warn, ask, tell, invite, teach sb .to do)
希望要让别人做.
(wish,want, would like, get, allow sb .to do)
五看三使役,
(see, look at, watch, notice, observe, make, let, have)
二听一感半帮助,
(hear, listen to; feel; (to)help)
主动to字要离去,被动to字要回府.
② 跟do的动词口诀
听观感使让帮请最好不带to,为什么不呢
(hear,listen to,see,look at,watch,notice,feel,make,let,have,help,please,
had better,why not)
Topic3 Let's go to see the fashion show
重点词汇:
1. fashion show 时装表演/时装秀
2. T-shaped stag T型台
3. in the center of 在……的中心
4. high fashion 高级时尚
5. in the world of 在……领域
6. wedding dress 婚纱
7.stand for 代表
8.get one's name 得名
9.be known to 为……所知
10.be designed as 以……来设计
11.except for 除……之外
二.重点句型:
1.There is going to be a fashion show in fashion show in Xidan Shopping center.
在西单购物中心将会有一场时装秀.
There is going to be…是There be结构的将来时,表示某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物.如:There is going to be a football match in our school next week.=There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球比赛.
there is/are going to be=there will be
Here come the models. 模特走过来了.
(1)英语中以here或there开头的句子要倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前.
如:Here come Mary! 玛丽来了!
Here come the bus! 车来了!
(2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变.
如:Here she comes.她来了.
Here it is.它在这儿.
The Tang costume stands for Chinese history and fashion culture.
唐装代表着中国的历史和服装文化.
stand for意为"代表",如:It stands for Olympics.它代表着奥林匹克.
The so-called Tang costume got its name because China became known to other countries during the Han and Tang Dynasties.所谓的唐装是因为中国在汉,唐时期开始文明于世而得名.
(1)so-called所谓的
(2)get one's name得名 如:The village got its name from the lake in it.这个村庄因村内的湖泊而得名.
Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion,but also fashion from other Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅不同于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国等.
(1) be different from与……不同
(2)not only …but also意为"不但……而且"
(3)such as例如,比如说
Today the Tang costume can be designed as formal or casual clothes.现在唐装被设计成有正式款的,也有休闲款的.
be designed as被设计成 如:They decided that the theater will be designed as a palace.他们决定把那个剧院设计成宫殿模样.
Today,few people wear kimonos except for special occasions like weddings and national celebrations.
except for除……之外 如:The roads were clear except for a few cars.
除了几辆小汽车外,马路上空荡荡的.
三.语法学习:跟doing的动词口诀
怎样善于做贡献 (What/how about doing ,be good at/do well in doing, make a contribution to doing)
阻止他人放弃练.(stop/prevent/keep sb .from doing, give up doing, practice doing)
有难宁可不介意,(have problems doing, prefer doing sth./to doing sth, mind doing)
建议花时忙完成.(suggest doing, spend doing, be busy doing, finish doing)
使人不禁有信心,(keep sb.doing sth., can't help doing ,have confidence in doing)
继续展望想未来.(keep/keep on doing, look forward to doing, feel like doing)
惊喜满意又兴奋,(be amazed/surprised at doing, be pleased/satisfied with doing, be excited about doing)
牢记doing值得喜洋洋.
(be worth doing, enjoy doing, have fun doing)

同义句转换的九种类型

同义句转换题是近几年中考英语的一个常考题型,其出题形式通常是同时给出两个句子,第一句完整,第二句中设有几处空格,要求考生填入适当的词或词组,使第二句的意思与第一句意思相同。它综合考查考生的语法、词汇、短语或习惯用语和句型结构等知识,要求运用所学的词汇、语法知识和句型结构填写句子,使句子结构完整、逻辑合理、语法知识无误、意思与所给句子相同。通过对近几年的中考英语试题中同义句转换题的分析,我们发现中考英语同义句转换题主要考查以下几个方面:

  一、运用同义词(组)进行转换

   用同义词或同义词组对原句中的某些词或词组进行替换,注意转换后的词或词组的词形变化要与句子其他成分相适应。如:
   1. That day we could see flowers here and there.
  That day we could see flowers __________.
   分析:答案为everywhere。everywhere与here and there都表示“到处”。
   2. The teacher always takes good care of the children in the school.
   The teacher always_______ ______the children well in the school.
  分析:答案为looks after。take good care of与look after…well都表示“好好照顾”。

  二、运用反义词(组)的否定式进行转换

  即用反义词或词组的否定式表达与原句相同的意思,主要考查学生对反义词(词组)的积累和换位思维的能力。如:
   1. It’s clear that this visit is different from last time.
  It’s clear that this visit is not the___ ___last time.
   分析:答案为same as。be different from意为“与……不同”;the same as意为“与……相同”,其否定式与be different from同义。
  2. I think wealth is less important than health.
   I ___ think wealth is ___ important than health.
  分析:答案为don’t,more。less important的意思是“没有(不及)……重要”;more important的意思是“(比)……更重要”,该结构与not连用,则表示“不比……更重要”。
   另外,有的反义词即使不与否定词连用,而只需改变句子结构也可构成同义句。如:
   He lent some money to his friend.
   He friend ___ some money ___ him.
   分析:答案为borrowed,from。borrow…from意为“向……借……”;lend…to意为“把……借给……”。两个结构意思相反,但若变换“借出者”与“借入者”的位置,则可转换为同义句。

   三、运用不同语态进行转换

  即运用主动语态与被动语态的变化来转换同义词,但此时要特别注意时态、动词一致性。如:
  1. Everyone should give back his library books on time.
   Library books should____ ____ ____ on time.
  分析:答案为be given back。被动句中含有情态动词should,因此助动词用be。
   2. It is widely accepted that more people use computers in the world today.
  Computers ____ widely ___ in the world today.
  分析:答案为are,used。computers是复数名词,助动词用are。

  四、非延续性动词与延续性动词的相互转换

  即非延续性动词与延续性动词进行转换,此时往往会涉及时态的变化。如:
   1. The manager left two hours ago.
  The manager _____ ____ ____ for two hours.
  分析:答案为has been away。leave为非延续性动词,不能与for two hours这样的一段时间连用,而改成be away这样的延续性动词后,则可连用一段时间。
  2. The film began five minutes ago.
  The film has been _____ _____ five minutes.
  分析:答案为on for。has been提示时态是现在完成时态,“for+时间段”表示“持续(一段时间)”,常用在含有现在完成时态的句子里。
  3. Mr Li joined the Party twenty years ago.
  Mr Li _____ _____ _____ the Party for twenty years.
   答案:has been in。短暂动词join,意为“参加、加入(组织,政党)”,不能与延续时间状语连用,与延续性时间状语连用时,将join改成be in或be a member in…。

  五、运用不同引语进行转换

  即将直接引语变为间接引语或将间接引语转换成直接引语。此时还要注意相关时态、人称、动词、状语等相应的变化。如:
  1. “I’ve found my wallet,” he said to me.
   He _________ me that he _________ _________ his wallet.
  分析:答案为told,had found。此题是将直接引语转换成间接引语。
  2. “Did you see her last week?” he said.
  He _______ _______ I had seen her the week _______.
  分析:答案为asked if/ whether, before。此题是将疑问句的直接引语转换成间接引语。

  六、运用简单句与复合句之间的转换

  即将简单句变成同义的复合句或将复合句变成同义的简单句。如:
   1. We didn’t go out for a walk because it was raining.
  We didn’t go out for a walk _______ _______ the rain.
  分析:答案为because of。将原因状语从句because it was raining改为表示原因的介词短语because of the rain。
  2. He was so excited that he couldn’t go to sleep.
  He was ______ ______ ______ go to sleep.
  分析:答案为too excited to。将so…that…换成too…to…结构,原句的that从句为结果状语从句,改写句中的不定式仍表结果。
  3. Now I will show you how to do the work.
   Now I will show you ______ ______ ______ do the work.
  分析:答案为how you can。即将原句中的“疑问词+不定式”结构转换成宾语从句。
   4. You should put them back after you use them.
  You should put them back _____ _____ them.
  分析:答案为after using。即将after引导的状语从句改写为after引导的介词短语。

  七、运用并列句与复合句之间的转换

  即将并列句变成同义的复合句或将复合句变成同义的并列句。如:
   1. Come on, or we’ll miss the early bus.
   ____ we ____ hurry, we’ll miss the early bus.
   分析:答案为If,don’t。if引导条件状语从句。
  2. The man gave us a talk last week. Now he will give us another talk this week.
   The man _____ gave us a talk last week _____ _____ us another talk this week.
  分析:答案为who/ that,will give。who/ that gave us a talk last week为定语从句,修饰先行词the man。

  八、运用关联连词连接或合并句子

  即运用关联连词both…and…,neither…nor…,either…or…,not only…but also…等将两个简单句合并为一个简单句。此时要注意的是,both…and…连接两个主语时,谓语总是用复数,而neither…nor…,either…or…,not only…but also…连接两个主语时,谓语动词通常应与靠近的主语保持一致。如:
   1. Tom can’t speak Japanese well and Jim can’t, either.
   ______ Tom ______ Jim can speak Japanese well.
  分析:答案填Neither,nor。neither…nor…表示“……和……(两者)都不”,刚好与原句的两个否定结构的意思相吻合。
  2. Alice has read the book and Peter has read it, too.
   ______ Alice ______ Peter have read the book.
  分析:答案为Both,and。both…and…的意思是“……和……(两者)都”。
  3. This store sells men’s shoes, and it also sells men’s clothes.
  This store sells ______ ______ men’s shoes ______ ______ men’s clothes.
   分析:答案为not only,but also。表示“不仅……而且……”之意。

  九、利用某些典型句式或结构进行转换

  这类典型结构如so…that…,too…to…,enough to,not…until…,so do I等。如:
   1. Jim wants to go boating and his parents want to go boating, too.
   Jim wants to go boating, and ______ ______ his parents.
   分析:答案为so do。句意为“……他的父母也一样(一样想去)”。
  2. John went to bed after he finished his homework.
  John ______ go to bed ______ he finished his homework
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英语写作的“七项基本原则”

一、 长短句原则

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

  如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!

  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、 主题句原则

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!

  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、 一二三原则

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

  8)most important of all, moreover, finally

  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

  建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、 短语优先原则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:

  I cannot bear it.

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

  I want it.

  可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

  这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

五、 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

  但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

  小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

  老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

  所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

六、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)

  都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:

  I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.

  如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:

  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

  其它的短语可以用:

  besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)

  批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。

  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

  The coat was thin, but it was warm.

  更多的短语:

  despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)

  昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!

  The snow began to fall, so we went home.

  更多短语:

  then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)

  有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。

  举例:This is what I can do.

  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.

  同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:

  When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加(多此一举)

  如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。

  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

  Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

  其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

  6)排比(排山倒海句)

  文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!

  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.

  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)

  要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

七、 挑战极限原则

  既然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!

  原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:

  The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.

  Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

  如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!
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八年级第二学期英语竞赛试题

八年级第二学期英语竞赛试题
一,单项选择题(20分)
1---- Will your family go on a field trip?-----In about two weeks.
A,How long B,How soon C,How often D,When
2,---- bad weather!-----Yes, so Tom need_____an umbrella
when he goes out.
A,What;to take B,How, take C,What,take D,How to take.
3,----Must I finish my homework before going home?
-----_____.Because you may have no time to do it at home.
A,Yes,you must B,Yes, you will
C,No, you needn’t D,No, you mustn’t
4,You will do better_____English than Tom if you study even_____.
A,in, hard B,in, harder C,at, hard D,at, harder
5,----It’s fun_____weekends in the zoo.
----Yes,we often have fun____with the animals there.
A,spending;playing B,spend;play
C,to spend;playing D,to spend;to play
6,You’d better stop____to the old woman,or she will feel_____.
A,to talk;lonely B,to talk;alone C,talking;alone D,talking;lonely
7,----My shoes are old.I want to buy a new_____.----Let’s go together.
A,one B,pair C,shoes D,shoe
8,----Would you mind my using your computer?
----_____.You can use it any time.
A,Of course not B,Sure C,Sorry D,Yes,you will
9,----There is much_____here in summer,isn’t there?
----Yes,it’s often______here.
A,rain;rainy B,rain;rain C,rainy;rainy D,rainy;rain
10,Everyone in the class_____busy doing homework when I came into the classroom,.
A,was B,were C,is D,are
11,----He always makes____mistakes in his homework, does he? ----No,he doesn’t.
A,a few B,few C,a little D,little
12,I often see them_____to each other on my way home.
A,talk B,talking C,to talk D,are talking.
13----Do you know____________?----Yes,he is a waiter in a hotel.
A,what he is B,what does he do C,where he is D,who is he
14,----You didn’t stop to have a rest,did you?
----_______,though I felt tired.
A,Yes,I did B,No,I didn’t C,Yes,I didn’t D,No I did
15,My father always_______me when I was young.
A,was worried about B,worried about C,worries about D,worry about
16,We’d better decide_______the best way to go on our field trip.
A,on B,to C,for D,/
17,----When will you _____New York?
----I’ll call you as soon as I_______.
A,get to;get to B,arrive in; arrive in C,get to;arrive D,arrive in;reach
18,Tom studies______carefully than Jane means Jane doesn’t study______Tom.
A,less;as carefully as B,more;so carefully as
C,less;as more carefully as D,more;as carefully as
18,Friendship often makes us__________,but it sometimes brings us________.
A,happy;sad B,happy;sadness C,happiness;sadness D,happiness;sad
19,----What did you_______the field trip?-----I_______a lot of food.
A,prepare;prepared B,prepare for;prepared
C,prepare for;prepared for D,prepare;prepared for
20,----____is it from your home to the station?
----It’s about half an hour by bike.
A, How long B,How far C,What time D,How
二,完形填空(10分)
His stories have no magic (魔法的) tricks or heroes, but still touch teenage readers. Benjamin, a young Beijing cartoonist (漫画家), is famous 36 his comic books "Remember" and "One Day". His colorful stories of young people working hard for dreams and love have 37 lots of fans.Benjamin has been drawing 38 for 10 years. He tried many jobs before that, 39 what he enjoys most is the freedom of drawing.
" 40 cartoons is like writing diaries," he said, "I draw about the people and things that I meet, just like a writer."
For Benjamin, a good story is more important than a picture.
Benjamin says drawing can be painful (痛苦的). He 41 even thinks he can't go on. Once he 42 a month on one picture!
"Sometimes you are stuck at one point. Look at the picture from a different angle (角度), like from the back of the paper. Then you'll know how to 43 ."
44 your parents won't let you draw or read cartoons? Benjamin has the 45 : be a good kid and work hard. Then steal time for the hobby!
36.A. as B. for C. with D. in
37.A. won B. got C. beat D. took
38.A. photos B. articles C. cartoons D. stories
39.A. so B. while C. or D. but
40.A. Writing B. Drawing C. Using D. Seeing
41.A. often B. usually C. sometimes D. always
42.A. cost B. spent C. paid D. took
43.A. continue B. stop C. finish D. start
44.A. Why B. What else C. What if D. What about
45.A. way B. answer C. mind D. idea
B) 36-40 BACDB 41-45 CBACB
三,阅读理解(20分)
(A)                                Mr Black and Mr White were two very famous artists in the city. Their drawings were also very popular (流行的) in the city. But they tried to see who could draw the best picture.One day they asked an old man to be the judge. Mr Black drew an apple tree. He put his picture in the field. Soon the birds came and tried to eat the apples. The old man saw it and said, "You have certainly won. Mr White cannot draw so good a picture as yours. But we will go to see his picture."They went to Mr White's house. Tliere were nothing but red beautiful curtains(窗帘) on the wall. The old man asked, "Where is your picture, Mr White? "He said, "Lift the curtains, and you will find my picture. "The old man tried to lift the curtains but found that they were drawn mere. They were Mr White's picture. The old man said, "-Birds thought the apples were real. Men thought the curtains were real. So Mr White won. His picture is the best one.
71. Mr Black drew _____.
A. an apple tree B. the best picture C. curtains D. birds
72. Tlie old man thought Mr Black's picture was good because _____.
A. it was in the field B. it was an apple tree
C. the birds liked it D. the birds thought it was real
73. Mr White's picture was ______.
A. an apple tree B. curtains C. nothing D. an old man
74. Mr White won because the picture looked real to _____.
A. the children B. the birds C. the judge D. women
75. Which of the following statements(下列陈述) is right?
A.The birds came and ate the apples up.
B. The old man said Mr White's picture was the best one at last.
C The two pictures were not so good.
D.The curtains on the wall were real.
(B)
Most people want to work, but it has become more difficult in today's world to find work for everybody. The economy (经济) of the world needs to grow by 4% each year just to keep the old number of jobs for people. Often this is not possible (可能) ,and so more people are without work. Some people have no jobs now because new machines can do the work of many people in a shorter time. Also, machines do not ask for more money and longer holidays. In all of the countries of the world machines are taking work from people, not only in factories but also on the farms. One machine can often do the work of forty people. About 75,000 people are moving to the cities a day to look for jobs, but only 70% of them can find jobs.
76. It was _____ for people to find work before than today.
A. more difficult B. easier C. not possible D. difficult
77. If the economy of the world grow by 4% each year,_____.
A. people will have no jobs
B.4% of the people will have jobs, too
C. people can have the same number of jobs as before
D.96% of the people will have jobs
78. One machine can do as much work as ______.
A. 40 people B. 75,000 people
C.70% of the people D.4% of the people in the world
79. How many people outside cities go into cities to look for jobs each day?
A. More than 75,000. B.70% of the people.
C. About 75,000. D. About 4% of the people in the world.
80. Which of the following statements is wrong?
A. Most people want to have jobs.
B. Machines need more money and longer holidays.
C. Now more people are without work.
D. Machines are taking work instead of people not only in factories but also on the farms.
四,按要求完成句子(10分)
1,You mustn’t be late for school.(改为祈使句)
_______ _______ _______ ______school!
2,He is a hard-working student.(改为感叹句)
__________________________________________.
3,Tom is 14 years old and Mary is 16.(合并成一句)
Tom is _____ ______ ________ _______Mary.
4,I like the book on the desk better.(划线部分提问)
_______ _______ ________you like better?
五,汉英互译(10分)
1, 在一个小时内完成这么多的工作是不可能的.
______ ______ ______ finish______ ______ work in an hour.
2, 打篮球受到年轻人的欢迎.
______ basketball ______ ______ ______ the young.
3, 我期待着尽快收到你的来信.
I’m ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ you soon.
4, 请你帮我订个计划好吗?
Would you please ______ ______ ______ ______ ______?
5, 据说于5月12日发生在四川省西南部的里氏8.0级地震中有5万多人丧生.
 ______ ______ ______more than 50,000 people lost their lives in the 8.0-magnitude quake that jolted southwestern Sichuan province

英语中形形色色的人

英语中形形色色的人
俗语说“人出一百,形形色色”。此话不假,英语中也有许许多多个性迥异,品质相去甚远的人。下面我们一起来认识认识他(她)们。
  
  1、a wise guy骄傲自大的人。这里的wise并不表示“聪明”,相反它含有讽刺的意味。Alic’s all right, I guess, but sometimes he’s such a wise guy.据我看,亚历克这个人还不赖,不过有时候太狂妄自大了。有时候本词组还用于朋友之间的调侃。Who’s the wise guy that took my lunch box? 是哪位机灵的大爷拿走了我的饭盒。
  
  2、a shrinking violet畏首畏尾的人。原意为“正在发蔫的紫罗兰”。紫罗兰在背阴的地方悄悄地开花,所以violet是谦虚的象征,代表“腼腆的人”,但加上 shrinking意思就有了变化。George has a very good mind. He would rise fast in the world if he weren’t such a shrinking violet.乔治很聪明。如果他不是一个畏首畏尾的人,在社会上早就出人头地了。
  
  3、a backseat driver不在权限范围内而指手划脚的人。在美国开车出门是许多人生活的一部分。开车的技术当然每个人都不一样,一般来说,开车的人都不太愿意被别人指指点点。所以我们把那些喜欢在后面老是给开车的人提出不必要的指导和建议的人叫做 backseat driver。One place where you find lots of backseat drivers is in politics.要说指手画脚的人,在政界你可以找到好多。
  
  4、a wet blanket令人扫兴的人。这一表达的来源是:当发生火灾的时候,为了扑火,把湿毛毯盖到火上。后用来指在社交场合泼冷水,令人扫兴的人。I’m sorry to be such a wet blanket, but I’m afraid I have to go home now.我使大家扫兴,实在太对不起了。不过,我现在必须回家啦。
  
  5、a late bloomer大器晚成的人。原意是“迟开的花”,与人大器晚成相似。Paul was such a slow worker at first that we almost fired him, but he proved to be a late bloomer. 保罗初来时是一个非常迟钝的工作人员,我们几乎要开除他,但最终证实他是一个有潜力的人。
  
  6、an apple polisher拍马屁者。过去美国学生为了讨好老师,把擦得光光亮亮的苹果递给老师。本词组源于此。You should take much care of him, and he’s a real apple polisher.你可得多留心那小子,他可是个货真价实的马屁精。
  
  7、an ugly customer粗暴的人。ugly是ugly behaviour(行为丑恶)的意思,指使用暴力,威胁他人。customer原意为“顾客”,转用于表示“一沾上边就会有麻烦的人”。When he starts drinking, he can become an ugly customer.他一喝上酒就会大吵大闹,令人真是没办法。
  
  8、a visiting fireman远方的客人。原指从地方前来的团体客人。他们从地方前来参加大会,感到一身轻松,吃喝玩乐,挥金如土。现多指重要的商业伙伴或高级官员或公司老板,是需要殷勤招待的客人。I’m behind in my work because our office had three groups of visiting firemen this week.本周我们公司有三批远方来客,因此我耽搁了工作。
  
  9、an Indian giver送东西给人而日后往回要的人。这一表达法的语源是:在过去,某些印第安部落有送礼必须还礼的习俗。因此,有不少印第安人为了得到新奇的礼物而向白人送礼。后来就把一般给人送礼而指望别人还礼的人都称为“印第安送礼者”。Toby may have given you these books, but don’t start celebrating yet. He’s famous for being a Indian giver.托比可能送给你这几本书了,但是不要高兴的太早。他送东西又往回要,是出了名的。
  
  10、a name-dropper以仿佛很熟悉的口吻谈到著名人物的人。drop是“若无其事地说”。本词语指由于虚荣心作怪,到处胡乱提及著名人士的名字以提高自己的身价的人。Most social climbers are name-droppers.绝大部分削尖脑袋往上流社会钻营的人,大多喜欢提著名人士的名字。
  
  11、an eager beaver工作卖力的人。beaver海狸是一种哺乳动物,前肢比后肢短,趾有爪,擅长挖掘,忙于筑坝。所以用eager beaver来喻指“干劲十足的人,积极、努力又热心的人”。He seems never to know what tiredness is, and he’s really an eager beaver.他似乎从不知什么叫累,真是个用功的人。
  
  12、mall rats喜欢逛购物中心的年轻人。mall是购物中心,有的规模小,有的规模大。一到周末各地的购物中心都有买东西的人,有的人不见得买什么,只是在里面象老鼠一样钻来钻去。I used to be a typical mall rat hanging around watching the crowds, especially the girls. But now I join the football club, and I have no time.我过去是个典型的逛购物中心迷,在那里观看人群,特别是女孩子。但是现在我加入了足球俱乐部,就没有时间了。
  
  还有很多类型的人:a dead pigeon/duck注定要完蛋的人;a gold digger以色相骗取男子财物的女人;a dog in the manger占着茅坑不拉屎的人;a dumb Dora笨女人;a clinging vine依赖男子的女人;a double-crosser背信弃义的人;a good guy善良的人;an autograph hound爱请人签名题字的人;a good Joe大好人;a sore loser一输就恼火的人;a night person夜里活动的人;a penny pincher过分吝啬的人;a straight shooter正直的人;a skirt chaser专门追逐女性的人;a doubting Thomas多疑的人; a wallflower舞会上无人邀请的女子;a clock watcher老是看钟表等下班的人;an early bird早起者。

介词

介词
  【要点点拨】
  复习时要把握三点:
  A. 要注意理解情景意义:同一介词可表达多种意义,同一场合意义不同则介词不同。
  He hasn’t come for a month .(for 持续时间)
  The day is warm for April .(for 就……而言)
  B. 要突破几个关键介词in , on , at , with , by , from , of , to , for .
  1 . 表示时间的:at; in ; on , since , from , to , after , within , during , throughout , towards , over , by , till ;
  2 . 表示穿越的:through , across , over
  3.表示地理位置的:in ; on; to ;
  4. 表示原因、目的的:for ;with ; from ;
  5. 表示关于的:about , concerning , regarding , with regard to , as for ,as to ;
  6. 表示根据:on ; according to ;
  7. in the corner ;on the corner , at the corner 的区别
  8.between 和among
  9.besides ;except ; but ;except for
  10.in 和with
  C. 要注意介词搭配,集中归纳,反复练习。
  1. 固定与to 构成搭配的名词:key , answer , visit , apology , introduction ,note , etc.
  2. 与on 有关的:mercy , congratulations
  3. 与at有关的:angry , good , bad , clever , terrified , surprised ;
  4. 与of 有关的:afraid , sure , full , tired , fond , proud , worthy , certain ;
  5. 与with 有关的:angry , strict , careful , busy , poplar ;
  6. 与to 有关的:next, good , polite , kind , cruel , rude , known , anxious , married , close , near , similar, due ;
  7. 与for 有关的:sorry , good , free , fit , unfit , eager, anxious , hungry ;
  8. 与from 有关的:far , different , free, safe , absent , tired .

仁爱英语八年级(下)期末质量检测试题

仁爱英语八年级(下)期末质量检测试题

(时间:120分钟;满分:120分)

题号 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 总分
得分

一、听力部分(共30分)

(一)看听对话,选择相应的图片(每小题1分,共5分)

⒈__ __⒉____⒊____⒋_ ___⒌____

(二)听句子,选择正确的应答语(每小题1分,共5分)

()1. A. Have a good time . B. I am sorry to hear that C. Nice to meet you , too ..

()2. A. No, it isn’t.B. Yes , it doesn’tC. Yes, it does .

()3. A. It is on Sunday. . B. It is on May Day.

C. It is on March 8, in The People’s Theater(人民剧院) .

()4. A. Tomorrow is Mid-autumn Day(中秋节).

B. We are in trouble C. That’s a terrible accident.

()5. A. In the evening. B. By car . C. Sure , it’s great.

(三)听对话,选择正确的答案(每小题2分,共10分)

()1. A. the food festival. B.the fashion show. C. the trip .

()2. A.Apples B. Noodles C. Rice

()3. A. She will buy some books . B.She will buy new jeans .

C. She will cook some delicious food .

()4. A. They will have an English exam . B. They will go shopping by bus. C. They will go on a field trip to Mount Tai by bus .

()5. A.No , they don’t . B.Yes , they do .

C. It ’ s a good idea .

(四)听短文,选择正确答案(每小题2分,共10分)。

()1. Alice was David’s.

A.father . B. mother . C. classmate.

()2. Davidschool .

A.hated . B. loved. C. stayed at

()3. The story happened.

A.. in the morning. . B.in the afternoon . C. .at night. .

()4. David wasyears old .

A.five B. fifteen. C. thirty_five .

()5. From the story we know that David was often.

A. . happy B. unhappy . C. at school .

笔试部分(共90分)

二、单项选择(15分,每小题1分)

从各题所给的三个选项中选出最佳答案。

()1.She wasexcitedshe couldn’t say a world .

A. so,that B.too,to C. very,that

()2. The Greens will have aholidays here.

A.two weeks B.two_week C.two_ weeks

()3. — I am looking forward to the Great Wall one day. — Me, too.

A.visiting B.visit C. visited

()4. — We are planning to help the children in West China.

— Well done !.

A.Keep to try B. Keep up C. Keep trying

()5.Thank you forus to your school .We are really happy.

A.invite B.inviting C. giving

()6.I don’t knowshe will come. if she, I’ll go to meet her .

A. what, comes B.when, is coming C. if, comes

()7. —Why didn’t the boy come to school yesterday?

— he had a traffic accident .

A. Because B.When C. Until

()8. When something bad happens to us , we canour parents or teachers for help.

A. turn down B.turn to . C. turn off

()9. The five mascots of Beijing Olympic Gamesthe rich culture of China .

A. stand for B. come up with C.come true

()10. fine weather it is ! Let’s go to have a field tirp .

A. How a B.What a C. What

()11. — Could you help me look after my pet dog while I am away ?

—.

A. No problem B. No , thanks C. I have no time

()12. — Could you pleaseus how to be friendly to others ?

— Certainly ! Always be kind_hearted and helpful. .

A. learn B. bring C. teach

()13. Look!The students are listening to their teacherin class .

A. quickly B.carefully C. immediately

()14 . —Do you enjoy the song by Jay ?

— Certainly. Itvery cool.

A. sounds B. hears C. listens

.()15. The teacher often tells his studentslate for school .

A.not to B.not to be C.don’t be

三、情景交际(5分) 根据对话内容及方框中所给选项完成对话。


A. Is there a bus ?
B. How far is it from here ?

C. Walk on until you reach the end of the road.

D. What’s up ?

E. It’s a pleasure.



W:Excuse me. sir.

M:1

W:Could you tell me the way to the train station? I'm new here.

M:Sure. Go down this road and take the third turning on the right to East Road. 2You'll find a big supermarket. The train station is on its left.

W: 3

M:It's about half an hour's walk.

W:Half an hour's walk is really a long way.4

M: Yes. The No.3 bus will take you right there.

W:I'd like to take it. Thanks a lot.

M:5


1. 2. 3. 4.5.

四、完形填空(10分,每小题1分)

阅读下面短文,从各题所给的三个选项中选出最佳答案

Traffic rules are made(制订)to keep order of the road .Every year1of people died or get hurt on the road in China . Please remember:Keep to

the2on the road .

There are rules to make the roads 3., but people don’t always obey the rules . They are careless .If everyboday obeys the rules , the roads will

be 4 safer.

If you like 5a bike , don’t ride in the middle of the road . When you ride a bike with a friend , don’t look around to talk .

If you drive , you should 6at the traffic lights .You must always wear a seat belt(安全带) .

7 you walk across the road , stop to look both ways .Look left first , then right . Don ’t run through the roads . If the road is8, it is safe to cross the road .We must tell children 9play on the street .

It is very necessary 10everyone to obey the traffic rules.

()1. A. thousands B.thousand C.hundred

()2. A. left B. right C.left and right

()3. A. wet B. hot C. safe

()4. A. many B.much C. more

()5. A. riding B.buying C.spending

()6. A.fall asleep B. slow dwon C. stay up

()7. A.So B. After C. If

()8. A.clear B. busy C. new

()9. A.to not B. don’t C. not to

()10. A. of B. for C. by

五、阅读理解。(每小题2分,共30分)

阅读下列短文内容,从每题所给的三个选项中选出最佳答案。

(A)

Richard, a 13_year_old boy ,said ,“I want to make friends, but I don’t know how . In my last school , my classmates often bullied(欺负) me and I didn’t have any friends .Children at this school look OK , but I just know I also do something wrong . Please help me .”

A lot of people think that it is very easy to make friends, but it isn’t always true .

Perhaps the best way to make friends is to know what makes a friend . I asked some 13_year_old boys and girls to write down what they liked about their friends . They said that good friends should:

go around with happy faces .
be kind .
help others with work .
invite people to do something .
stay and play together with others .
welcome new students.
be good at thinking of something fun to do .
like to share .
be humous .
be fair(公正).
be good at organizing games .
()1. What does the passage talk about ? It talks about.

A. making friends B.learning English C. a field trip

()2. Is Richard good at making friends ?.

A. No, he does . B. No , he isn’ t C. No, he is.

( )3. How many ideas are there in the passage for making friends? .

A. 8 B. 9 C. 11

()4. If you want to make friends with other students , you should.

A. be kind_hearted , fair and friendly B.make a lot of money

C. be good at shopping

()5. According to the passage , the best way to make friends is.

A. to give much money to your friends

B. to have a big dinner with your friends

C. to know what makes a friend

(B)

Traffic lights are very important for us .I think you know this .But do you know how they were born ?

Garrett A. Morgan was the father of traffic lights .He was an American . His family was very poor . He left school at the age of 14 .He was clever .He always looked for better ways to do things . And he liked to make new things .

At that time , every American wanted to have a car .The streets were full of cars. The trafic was really bad .

“Why not put three lights at each corner ? They should be red , green , and yellow ,” Morgan said , “ Let them tell cars to go or stop.”

He made a timer (定时器)to change the lights.

So we have traffic lights today .

( ) 6. Todaycan help buses or cars to go regularly in cities .

A. Americans. B. Traffic lights . C. Chinese .

( ) 7. Garrett A.Morgan was the father of traffic lights. He came from.

A. Canada. B. England C. America

( ) 8. Why could Garrett A.Morgan invent traffic lights? Because.

A. he always looked for better ways to do things

B. his family was very poor

C. he wanted to have a car

( ) 9. What did Garrett A.Morgan do when he was 14 years old ?

A.He studied at school.

B. He put three lights in the street.

C. He was away from school.

( ) 10. What color are the traffic lights ? They are.

A.green and white B.red and yellow C. red , green and yellow.

(C)

Fangfang , a 15_year_ old Chinese girl , likes eating snacks very much. She prefers cream biscuits , MCDonald’s food , KFC , and Beijing roast duck .Sometimes she eats two packages of biscuits a day. As a result , she becomes overweight .

Today in China , there many children like Fangfang . They like snacks. They don’t eat enough healthy foods like vegetables and fruit .It’s very bad for their health .Poor eating habits are a serious problem.

Health experts say that children should have healthy eating habits .First , they must eat regular meals and begin with a good breakfast .Then , they should have different kinds of foods, such as fruit , vegetables , grain , eggs , milk and meat .Third , the children shouldn’t eat much fried food and snacks , but eating them often is bad for your health . They are delicious , but too much of them is unhealthy .

If children do as the experts say , they won’t become fat . They will be healthier .Students won’t become tired at school , and they will have enough energy to study well .

()11. What is the passage talking about? It is talking about.

A. studying habits B. eating habits C. Beijing roast duck

()12.What ’s wrong with Fangfang ? She. .

A. is a 15_year_ old middle school student

B. can ’t eat anything C. is overweight.

()13. Eating too much snacks isfor children’s health.

A. important B. bad C. good

()14.“They are delicious,but too much of them is unhealthy.” What does the word “They” mean in the sentence(句子)?It means.

A. children B. children’s meals C. fried food and snacks

()15. From the passage we know that children will have enough energy to study at school .

A.if they eat healthily

B.when they have a lot of money

C.when health experts come to their school

六、词汇运用:根据所给句子的意义及首字母或中文提示写出正确的单词(10分,每小题1分)。

1.Don’t be nervous!Please take it e.

2. .If you always work hard , you will be s.

3. Please help yto some fish . It is delicious .

4. Beijing is in the nof China ..

5. The dress is very beautiful . It is mof silk .

6. My parents often(鼓励)me to study hard at school. .

7. The TV play is(值得)watching.

8. Kelly arrived at the(机场)to see Maria off .

9. The teacher was(满意)with what we did last night .

10.Great changes have taken place(发生) in our(家乡)these years.

七、完成句子:根据句子所给的汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。(共10分,每空1分)

1.我祝愿你的英语学习取得巨大成功。

I wish your English learning a.

2.让我们努力学习把我们的国家建设得更加富强美丽。

Let’s study hard toour country muchand more beautiful .

3.我们保持教室整洁是有必要的。

It is necessaryus toour classroom clean

and tidy .

4.我们应该学会如何与别人相处。

We should learn how toalongothers .

5.实施“城乡清洁工程”应该依靠每个人的努力。

Carrying out “The City﹠Country Cleaning Project”

should everyone’s effort.

八、书面表达(10分)友情提示:请你注意写作的时态,书写工整、规范。

请你以“A Visit to Guilin”为题,用英语写一篇短文。提示语必须用上,只抄提示语不给分。

提示内容:1.1ast summer,go,Guilin

2.visit,Lijiang,boat

3.water,clean,fish,river

4.climb,hill,happy

5.city,beautiful,people,friendly

要求:要点齐全,表达正确,语句通顺,意思连贯,书写清晰、规范。可紧扣主题适当发挥,词数50~70。

A Visit to Guilin

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________






仁爱英语八年级(下)期末质量检测试题参考答案及听力材料

一、听力部分(共30分)

(一)选图片1—5 BACED

(二)听句子1—5 ACCAB

(三)听对话1—5 ACBCA

(四)听短文1—5 BAACB

二、单项选择1—5 ABACB 6—10 CABAC 11—15 ACBAB

三、情景交际1—5 DCBAE

四、完形填空1—5 ABCBA 6—10 BCACB

五、阅读理解 1—5 ABCAC 6—10 BCACC 11—15 BCBCA

六、词汇运用1.easy 2.successful 3. yourself / yourselves 4.north 5. made

6. encourage 7. worth 8. airport 9. pleased 10. hometown

七、完成句子:1. big / great,success 2. make,stronger/ richer / better

3. for,keep 4.get,with 5.depend,on / upon

八、书面表达One possible version:


A Visit to Guilin

Last summer I went to Guilin with my parents.We visited Lijiang by boat.The water was very clean and we could see a lot of fishes in the river.We also climbed the hills.The trees on the hills were very green.We had a good time and felt happy.Guilin is one of the most beautiful cities in our country.The people of Guilin are friendly.I love Guilin very much.(71词)


仁爱英语八年级(下)期末质量检测试题听力材料:

一、听力部分(共30分)

(一)看听对话,选择相应的图片(每小题1分,共5分)

1. This coat is made of 100% cotton , and you can wash it in warm water .

2. I think that many people will come to eat Chinese fried rice .

3. If we obey the traffic rules , there will be fewer accidents .

4. The boy looks very disappointed , because he can’t get a ticket to the movie.

5. The music is so noisy that the man can’t fall asleep .

(二)听句子,选择正确的应答语(每小题1分,共5分)

1. I will go to see a new movie.

2. Does Peking Opera express Chinese culture ?

3. When and where will the movie be on ?

4. Why all the smiling faces ?

5. How did your grandpa go to see Beijing Opera ?

(三)听对话,选择正确的答案(每小题2分,共10分)

1.A:Can you imagine what the food festival will be like ?

B:I imagine many people will come to the food festival .

A:I wish your food festival a big success .

B:Thank you .

Q:What are they talking about ?

2.A:Could you tell me if people in the north of China eat noodles ?

B:Yes , I think so .

A:Do you know if people in the south of China eat noodles ?

B:No . I don’t think so . They usually eat rice .

Q:What do the people in the south of China eat ?

3.A:Oh , you look great in your new coat today .

B:Thank you . You know we will have a class fashion show next week . What would you like to buy ?

A:My old jeans are so old that I want to buy a new pair .

B:I think the fashion show will be very wonderful .

Q:What will the girl do for the class fashion show ?

4.A:Class , I have something to tell you .Miss Li said that would go on a field trip next week .

B:Great .Where will we go ?

A:I think we will go to Mount Tai .Do you know what is the best way to go to Mout Tai ?

B:I think the best way is to take a bus .

Q:What will the students do ?

5.A:Do you know that different conutries have different eating habits ?

B:Yes . It is important to know the habits in different countries .

A:Could you tell me if Indians eat with knives and forks ?

B:Sure .They don’t use knives and forks.

Q:Do Indians use knives and forks ?

(四)听短文,选择正确答案(每小题2分,共10分)。

Alice was very about worried her son , David . He was often unhappy .

One morning she walked into his room, turned on the light and said , “It’s time to get up , Divid , you can’t stay in bed all day .”

David didn’t want to get up . He turned off the light ,

“ Don’t go to sleep again .” said Alice . “If you don’t get up , you’ll be late for school again .” She turned the light on again.

Fifteen minutes later , David came to the kitchen and sat down at the table .

“Have your breakfast quickly .” Alice said ,“It’s almost eight thirty .”

“It doesn’ matter .”David told his mother , “I’m not going to school today !”

“Why not ?”she said , “tell me what’s wrong .Why do you hate school so much ?”

For several minutes ,David said nothing . Then he said , “The teachers don’t like me , and students don’t like me ,either.”

“I’m sorry to hear that , but you cannot stay at home .” Alice said .

“Why not ?”he asked .

“You are thirty_five , and you are the school headmaster .”

英语写作常用句型52个

英语写作常用句型52个
  I. 用于文章主题句

  1. 不用说…

  It goes without saying that子句

  = (It is) needless to say (that)子句

  = It is obvious that子句

  = Obviously, S. + V.

  例︰不用说早睡早起是值得的。

  It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.

  2. …是不可能的; 无法…

  There is no V+ing

  = There is no way of V+ing.

  = There is no possibility of V+ing.

  = It is impossible to V.

  = It is out of the question to V.

  = No one can V.

  = We cannot V.

  例︰不可否认的?成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。

  There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.

  3. 我深信…

  I am greatly convinced (that)子句

  = I am greatly assured (that)子句

  例︰我深信预防是于治疗。

  I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.

  4. 在各种…之中?…

  Among various kinds of …,…

  = Of all the …, …

  例︰在各种运动中我尤其喜欢慢跑。

  Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.

  5. …是很容易证明的。

  It can be easily proved (that)子句

  例︰时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。

  It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.

  6. …无论如何强调都不为过

  … cannot be overemphasized

  例︰交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。

  The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

  7. 就我的看法…;我认为…

  In my opinion, …

  = To my mind, …。

  = As far as I am concerned, …

  = I am of the opinion that子句

  例︰就我的看法打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。

  In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.

  8. (A) 每个人都知道…

  Everyone knows (that)子句

  (B) 就我所知…

  As far as my knowledge is concerned, …

  例︰就我所知下列方法对我帮助很大。

  As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.

  9. 毫无疑问地…

  There is no doubt (that)子句

  例︰毫无疑问地近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。

  There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.

  10. 根据我个人经验…

  According to my personal experience, …

  = Based on my personal experience, …

  例︰根据我个人经验微笑已带给我许多好处。

  According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.

  11. 在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比…更值得我尊敬。

  Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than …

  例︰在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比我的英文老师张老师更值得我尊敬。

  Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.

  12. 在我的求学过程中我忘不了…

  In the course of my schooling. I will never forget …

  例︰在我的求学过程中我忘不了学习英文所遭到的大困难。

  In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.

  13. (A) 随着人口的增加… With the increase/growth of the population, …

  (B) 随着科技的进步, … With the advance of science and technology, …

  例︰随着台湾经济的快速发展许多社会问题产生了。

  With the rapid development of Taiwan’s economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.

  14. (A) 在这信息的年代…扮演重要的角色。

  In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role.

  (B) 在今日工业社会中…是生命不可或缺的。

  In today’s industrial society, … is indispensable to life.

  例︰在这信息的年代计算机扮演非常重要的角色。

  In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role.

  15. 在讨论…一个人不得不承认…。

  In dealing with …, one cannot but admit (that)子句

  例︰在讨论未来的职业一个人不得不承认尽早决定未来的职业很重要。

  In dealing with one’s future career, one cannot but admit that it is very important to decide one’s future career as early as possible.

  16. 世上没有什么比…更令我高兴。

  Nothing in the world can delight me so much as …

  例︰世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴。

  Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.

  17. … 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V

  … 是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V

  … 是适当的 It is proper that S (should) V

  … 是紧急的 It is urgent that S (should) V

  例︰我们当保持公共场所清洁是应当的。

  It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.

  18. 每当我听到…我就忍不住感到兴奋。Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited.

  每当我做…我就忍不住感到悲伤。 Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad.

  每当我想到…我就忍不住感到紧张。Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous.

  每当我遭遇…我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened.

  每当我看到… 我就忍不住感到惊讶。Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised.

  例︰每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪我就忍不住感到悲伤。

  Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.

  = Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.

  19. 据说… It is said (that)子句

  一般认为… It is thought (that)子句

  大家都知道… It is known (that)子句

  据报导… It is reported (that)子句

  一般预料… It is expected (that)子句

  一般估计… It is estimated (that)子句

  一般相信… It is believed (that)子句

  例︰一般相信阅读增加我们的知识、扩大我们的心胸。

  It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.

  20. …的主要理由是…

  The main reason why ……… is (that)子句

  例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日一败坏。

  The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.

  21. 俗语说得好:“…”。

  Well goes an old saying, “…”

  = As an old saying goes(runs, says), “…”

  = An old saying goes, “…”

  = It’s an old saying (that)子句

  例︰俗话说得好:“诚实为上策”。

  As an old saying goes, “Honesty is the best policy.”

  22. (A) …用下列方法… … in the following ways.

  (B) …有三个主要理由。 … for three major reasons.

  (C) 要…至少我们可做三件事。 To …, there are at least three things we can do.

  例︰(A) 我用下列方法增加信心。

  I increase my confidence in the following ways.

  (B) 人们学外语有三个理由。

  People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.

  (C) 为了维护健康我们每天至少可做三件事。

  To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day.

  II. 用于文章承转句

  23. 那就是(说)…;亦即…

  That is to say, …

  = That is, …

  = Namely, …

  例︰我们生活需有规律。也就是说早睡早起戒除烟酒。

  We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.

  24. (A) 基于这个理由… For this reason, …

  (B) 为了这个目的… For this purpose, …

  例︰基于这个理由我已决定把行医作为未来的职业。

  For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.

  25. 我们有理由相信…

  We have reasons to believe (that)子句

  例︰我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止。

  We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited.

  26. 事实上…

  As a matter of fact, …

  = In fact, …

  例︰事实上健康才是最重要。

  As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.

  27. (A) 例如… For example, …

  (B) 拿…做例子 Take … for example.

  例︰例如我们盲目地提高生活水准却降低生活品质。

  For example, we elevate the living standards blindly, but lower the quality of life.

  28. 此外我们不应忽视…

  Besides (In addition), we should not neglect …

  例︰此外我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。

  In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.

  29. 相反地…

  on the contrary, …

  = by contrast, …

  例︰相反地少数学生似乎还在鬼混。

  On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.

  30. 另一方面…

  on the other hand, …

  例︰政府应严格执法,另一方面,大众也应该培养减少污染的好习惯。

  The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution.

  31. 然而,很可惜的是…

  However, it is a pity that子句

  例︰然而,很可惜的是他总是临时抱佛脚。

  However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour.

  32. 换言之,…

  in other words, …

  = to put it differently

  例︰换言之,我会尽最大的努力达成我的目标。

  In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.

  33. 别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为…

  It may be true as assumed by others, but I don’t. I believe that子句

  例︰别人可能认为这是事实,但我不是。我认为…

  It may be true as assumed by others, but I don’t. I believe that if you have strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end.

  34. 从此之后,我已发现…

  Ever since then, I have found that子句

  例︰从此之后,我已发现…

  Ever since then, I have found smile the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily lives.

  35. 这样说来,假如……当然毫无疑问地…

  In this light, if…, there can surely be no doubt (that) 子句

  例︰这样说来,假如我们能善用时间,当然毫无疑问地我们会成功。

  In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere.

  36. 更严重的是,…

  What is more serious is (that)子句

  例︰更严重的是,我们不珍惜野生动物。

  What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.

  37. 鉴于社会的实际需要,…

  In view of the practical need of society, …

  例︰鉴于社会的实际需要,愈来愈多人对学英语有兴趣。

  In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people interested in learning English.

  III. 用于文章结论句

  38. 如果能实践这三点,…

  If one can really put the three points into action (practice), …

  例︰如果能实践这三点,…

  If one can really put the three points into action(practice), he will surely be able to live a healthy and happy life.

  39. 做这些简单之事,我们一定可以…

  By doing these simple things, we surely can …

  例︰做这些简单之事,我们一定可以快乐出门平安回家。

  By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home safe every day.

  40. 如此,我相信…

  In this way, I believe (that)子句

  例︰如此,我相信大家能够像我一样,享受乘坐公车的乐趣。

  In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.

  41. 实践这些,…

  By putting them (the above) into practice, …

  例︰实践这些,在智育方面我一直能不断进步。

  By putting them(the above) into practice, I have been able to make constant progress in intellectual education.

  42. (A) 唯有符合此三项要求,我们才能…

  Only by living up to the three requirements, can we …

  (B) 唯有通力合作,我们才能…

  Only with combined efforts, can we …

  例︰唯有通力合作,我们才能期望台湾不久有新的面貌。

  Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.

  43. 最后,但并非最不重要,…

  Last but no least, …

  例︰最后,但并非最不重要,教育上的缺失是助长青少年犯罪的原因。

  Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.

  44. 这证据显示~的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。

  This evidence shows that the importance of ~ cannot be overemphasized.

  例︰这证据显示交通安全的重要性在怎么强调都不为过。

  This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

  45. 由于这些理由,我…

  For these reasons, I …

  例︰由于这些理由,我认为在台湾接受大学教育是明智的。

  For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise.

  46. 总而言之,…

  In conclusion, …

  = To sum up, …

  例︰总而言之,好国民应该遵守交通规则。

  In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.

  47. 因此,我们能下个结论,那就是…

  We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句

  例︰因此,我们能下个结论,那就是世上自由罪珍贵。

  We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world.

  48. 如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地,…

  If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句

  例︰如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问地,我们就能精通英语。

  If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English

  49. 因此,这就是…的原因。

  Thus, this is the reason why …

  例︰因此,这就是我重感冒的原因。

  Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold.

  50. 所以,我们应该了解…

  Therefore, we should realize (that)子句

  例︰所以,我们应该了解学英文不能没有字典。

  Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary.

  51. 因此,由上列的讨论我们可以明了…

  We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句

  例︰因此?由上列的讨论我们可以明了毅力可以克服任何困难。

  We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty.

  52. 1. 从~观点来看,… From the ~ point of view, …

  2. 根据~的看法,… According to ~ point of view, …

  例︰从政治的观点来看,这是一个很复杂的问题。

  From the political point
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