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Unit 8 Beautiful Clothes

Unit 8 Beautiful Clothes
Topic 1 What a nice coat !
重点词汇及短语:
(一)词汇:
1.服装名称:
belt腰带 blouse宽松的上衣 boots 靴子 cap 帽子
coat外套 dress套裙 gloves手套 hat 帽子
jacket夹克 jeans牛仔裤 pants裤子 raincoat雨衣
scarf围巾 shirt衬衣 shoes鞋子 shorts 短裤
skirt裙子 socks 短袜 stockings长袜 suit套服
sweater毛衣 tie领带
2.小件
briefcase公文包 purse钱包 umbrella雨伞 wallet 皮夹
3.衣服号码
small小号 medium 中号 large 大号 extra large特大号
(二)短语:
1.on the first floor 在一楼
2.get…from… 从……中得到……
3.shopping center 购物中心
4.catch one's eye 吸引某人的注意
5.go with… 与……相配
6.on special days 在特殊的日子
7.in fact 事实上,实际上
8.thanksgiving Day 感恩节
9.depend on 依靠,依赖,相信
10.It's said that 据说
11.Santa Claus 圣诞老人
12.the same…as… 与……一样
13.protect…from… 保护……使不受……
14.as well as 也,还
15.be made of/from 由……制成
重点句型:
1.what's it made of 它是由什么做成的
be made of意为"由……制成"(看出原料),类似结构的短语还有
be made from"由……制成"(看不出原料)
be made in "某物生产于某地"
be made up of"由……组成"
be made into"把……作成某产品"如:
The table is made of wood.这张桌子是木头制成的.
Paper is made from wood.纸是木材做成的.
The TV set is made in Japan.这台电视机是日本产的.
The medical team is made up of ten doctors.这支医疗队由十位大夫组成.
Bamboo can be made into walking sticks and fishing rods.
用竹子可以制成很好的拐杖和钓鱼竿.
2.The weather is getting warmer and warmer.天气变得越来越暖和了.
"比较级+and+比较级"表示"越来越……"如:
The little tree is getting taller and taller.那棵小树越来越高了.
对于多音节的形容词或副词则这样表达more and more+adj/adv.如:
The girl becomes more and more beautiful.
那个女孩变得越来越漂亮了
3.We can get cotton from plants and get wool,silk and leather from animals.
我们可以从植物中获得棉花,从动物中获得羊毛,丝绸和皮革.
get sth .from/sth./sb.从某事或某人处获得某物.
4.A…caught her eye.一个……引起了她的注意.如:catch one's eye 意为"吸引某人的注意"如:
Can you catch the teacher's eye
你能引起老师的注意吗
5.What the people there wear depends on their likes and dislikes.
人们的衣着取决于他们的喜好.
depend on 意为"依靠,依赖"如:
We depend on our hard work.我们依靠我们的努力工作.
6.Some people prefer to dress formally…一些人宁可打扮得正式些
prefer 宁肯,更喜欢……, prefer A to B = like A better than B
I like prefer singing =I like singing better.我更喜欢唱歌.
I prefer swimming to skating.比起滑冰我更喜欢游泳.
7.While many South American people have the same way of dressing as Australia
然而许多南美的人们和澳大利亚有相同的衣着方式.
While用于对比两件事物,意为"而……,然而……"
Michael is interested in music, while his brother prefers P.E.
迈克对音乐感兴趣,而他的兄弟却更喜欢体育.
the same… as 和……一样/相同,反义词:be different from…与……不一样,如:
My idea is the same as yours, but it's different from his我的主意和你的一样,但和他的不一样.
8.People first started wearing clothes to protect themselves from the sun ,wind, rain and cold.人们最早穿衣服是为了保护他们不受日晒,风吹,雨打以及寒冷.
protect …from sth/doing sth 阻止……做……
The trees can protect the sand from moving.树可以防止沙子向前移.
Try to protect your skin from the sun.尽量保护你的皮肤不受太阳暴晒.
语法学习:感叹句
(1)感叹句用于表示说话时的一种较为强烈的感情.如:喜悦,赞叹,惊异,愤怒,厌恶等.感叹句的构成为"感叹部分+陈述部分+(主语+谓语)",感叹部分由感叹词引导,陈述部分为整个感叹句的主语和谓语,句尾要用叹号"!",读时要用降调.如:
What a nice day it is ! 多好的天气!
What a good boy he is ! 多好的男孩!
How silly you are ! 你真傻!
How beautiful it is ! 它多美啊!
(2)感叹句的四种形式:
What +a(an)+名词单数+主语+谓语
What +形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语
How +形容词+主语+be
How +副词+主语+动词
(3)口语中,what或how引导的感叹句可省略主语+谓语.如:
What an interesting book! /How interesting!
( 4) what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换.
What a beautiful girl she is!=How beautiful the girl is!
How delicious the food is!=What delicious food it is!
Topic2 What would you like to wear
重点词汇:
1.school uniform 校服
2.allow sb.to do sth 允许某人做某事
3.make a survey 做调查
4.be in need 在需要时
5.take off 脱下,脱掉;起飞
6.on every occasion 在每一个场合
7.have a business meeting 开商务会议
8.dress for 为……穿衣服/打扮
9.in fashion 流行,时尚
10.out of fashion 不流行,过时
11.advise sb.(not) to do sth. 建议/劝告某人(不要)做某事
12.at other times 在其余的时候;有的时候
重点句型:
1.I don't like uniform because they will so ugly on us.
我不喜欢校服,因为我们穿了它看起来很丑.
look so ugly on us意为"穿在我们身上看起来很丑"
2.I think our school should allow us to design our own uniform.
我认为我们的学校应该允许我们设计自己的校服.
allow"允许,许可",allow sb .to do sth."允许某人做某事"如:
Mr.Wang allows us to play football.王老师允许我们踢足球.
3.They are good for patients.
他们对病人有好处.
be good for 对……有益,be bad for 对……有坏处,be good at 擅长于
4.Second,patients can find easily when they are in need.
第二,当病人需要我们时,会很容易地找到我们.
be in need "需要",与 need同义.如:
When you are in need, you can call me.当你在需要的时候,你可以打电话给我.
5.You should take off your shoes when you enter someone's home in Japan.
当你进入日本人家的时候,必须先脱掉鞋子.
take off意为"脱下,脱掉",反义词组是put on. take off还可表示"起飞"
The plane will take off in an hour.飞机将在一小时内起飞.
6.But now ,most of us can dress for ourselves.
但是现在我们大多数人都可以自己打扮.
dress for"为……穿衣服"
put on"穿(戴)上"的动作,反义词take off
wear, have …on, be on…"穿(戴)着"的状态.
dress sb./oneself"给别人/自己穿衣服,dress up"穿上盛穿,乔装打扮"
dress后不能接"衣服"类的词作宾语.
7.It's well-known that uniforms are not popular but useful.
众所周知,制服不流行但有用.
①It's well- known…意为"众所周知"如:
It's well- known that this song is very popular. 众所周知,这首歌很流行.
②not…but… 不是……而是……
He isn't a teacher but a doctor.他不是一个老师而是一个医生.
语法学习:
① 跟to do的动词口诀
希望想学就同意,
(hope, wish, would like, want, learn, agree)
需要决定选to do.
(need, decide, choose)
开始喜欢又讨厌,
(begin, start, like, prefer, love, hate)
to do, doing意无别.
忘,记停止继续试.
(forget, remember, stop, go on, try)to do意不同.
命令警告邀人教,
(order ,warn, ask, tell, invite, teach sb .to do)
希望要让别人做.
(wish,want, would like, get, allow sb .to do)
五看三使役,
(see, look at, watch, notice, observe, make, let, have)
二听一感半帮助,
(hear, listen to; feel; (to)help)
主动to字要离去,被动to字要回府.
② 跟do的动词口诀
听观感使让帮请最好不带to,为什么不呢
(hear,listen to,see,look at,watch,notice,feel,make,let,have,help,please,
had better,why not)
Topic3 Let's go to see the fashion show
重点词汇:
1. fashion show 时装表演/时装秀
2. T-shaped stag T型台
3. in the center of 在……的中心
4. high fashion 高级时尚
5. in the world of 在……领域
6. wedding dress 婚纱
7.stand for 代表
8.get one's name 得名
9.be known to 为……所知
10.be designed as 以……来设计
11.except for 除……之外
二.重点句型:
1.There is going to be a fashion show in fashion show in Xidan Shopping center.
在西单购物中心将会有一场时装秀.
There is going to be…是There be结构的将来时,表示某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物.如:There is going to be a football match in our school next week.=There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球比赛.
there is/are going to be=there will be
Here come the models. 模特走过来了.
(1)英语中以here或there开头的句子要倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前.
如:Here come Mary! 玛丽来了!
Here come the bus! 车来了!
(2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变.
如:Here she comes.她来了.
Here it is.它在这儿.
The Tang costume stands for Chinese history and fashion culture.
唐装代表着中国的历史和服装文化.
stand for意为"代表",如:It stands for Olympics.它代表着奥林匹克.
The so-called Tang costume got its name because China became known to other countries during the Han and Tang Dynasties.所谓的唐装是因为中国在汉,唐时期开始文明于世而得名.
(1)so-called所谓的
(2)get one's name得名 如:The village got its name from the lake in it.这个村庄因村内的湖泊而得名.
Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion,but also fashion from other Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅不同于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国等.
(1) be different from与……不同
(2)not only …but also意为"不但……而且"
(3)such as例如,比如说
Today the Tang costume can be designed as formal or casual clothes.现在唐装被设计成有正式款的,也有休闲款的.
be designed as被设计成 如:They decided that the theater will be designed as a palace.他们决定把那个剧院设计成宫殿模样.
Today,few people wear kimonos except for special occasions like weddings and national celebrations.
except for除……之外 如:The roads were clear except for a few cars.
除了几辆小汽车外,马路上空荡荡的.
三.语法学习:跟doing的动词口诀
怎样善于做贡献 (What/how about doing ,be good at/do well in doing, make a contribution to doing)
阻止他人放弃练.(stop/prevent/keep sb .from doing, give up doing, practice doing)
有难宁可不介意,(have problems doing, prefer doing sth./to doing sth, mind doing)
建议花时忙完成.(suggest doing, spend doing, be busy doing, finish doing)
使人不禁有信心,(keep sb.doing sth., can't help doing ,have confidence in doing)
继续展望想未来.(keep/keep on doing, look forward to doing, feel like doing)
惊喜满意又兴奋,(be amazed/surprised at doing, be pleased/satisfied with doing, be excited about doing)
牢记doing值得喜洋洋.
(be worth doing, enjoy doing, have fun doing)

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