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新增功能列表:
1.更新IMAP4协议,支持更多邮箱;
2.新增shangmail邮箱, 邮件"秒"收"秒"发;
3.图文混排,图文、链接丰富多彩;
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5.邮件密送自己,外发邮件随时记录;
6.同步备份,通讯录一键备份,日历、任务便捷管理;
7.在线短信,电脑自由发送短信,短信祝福随时随地 。

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尚邮服务团队
2010年7月28日

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尚邮服务器升级通知

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1.卸载原有尚邮软件;
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新增功能列表:
1.更新IMAP4协议,支持更多邮箱;
2.新增shangmail邮箱, 邮件"秒"收"秒"发;
3.图文混排,图文、链接丰富多彩;
4.附件预览,无需下载即可直接阅览文件,节省流量;
5.邮件密送自己,外发邮件随时记录;
6.同步备份,通讯录一键备份,日历、任务便捷管理;
7.在线短信,电脑自由发送短信,短信祝福随时随地 。

关于新版本更多信息或升级中遇到问题可登录尚邮官网 www.shangmail.com 进行查询,尚邮升级客服专线:010-87754192 。


尚邮服务团队
2010年7月28日

尚邮服务器升级通知

尊敬的用户,您好!

感谢您长期以来对尚邮业务的关注和支持!
为了给您提供更优质的服务,尚邮将于2010年8月30日对老版本个人免费平台服务进行全面升级,届时老版本服务器将彻底关闭,不再支持尚邮的任何服务 。为了您的使用不受影响,请尽快在新平台上重新注册升级,升级后您可拥有更多功能,如图文邮件,附件预览等,服务更稳定、收发更快捷!

升级步骤:
1.卸载原有尚邮软件;
2.下载并安装新版尚邮软件:可通过电脑访问 www.shangmail.com 或手机访问 wap.shangmail.com 按平台下载安装;
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4.绑定邮箱:重新注册后,进入"邮箱管理"选项,选择"添加邮箱"输入想要绑定的邮箱地址和密码即可完成绑定操作 。

新增功能列表:
1.更新IMAP4协议,支持更多邮箱;
2.新增shangmail邮箱, 邮件"秒"收"秒"发;
3.图文混排,图文、链接丰富多彩;
4.附件预览,无需下载即可直接阅览文件,还省流量;
5.邮件密送自己,外发邮件随时记录;
6.同步备份,通讯录一键备份,日历、任务便捷管理;
7.在线短信,电脑自由发送短信,短信祝福随时随地 。

关于新版本更多信息或升级中遇到问题可登录尚邮官网 www.shangmail.com 进行查询,尚邮升级客服专线:010-87754192 。





尚邮服务团队
2010年7月28日

Hi

 
 
 
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中考典型易错题举例分析

中考典型易错题举例分析

1. It is _______ outside. Let’s put on our raincoats and go out, Tom.
A. cold B. hot C. sunny D. rainy
【解析】此题易误为A。因为这里有个put on短语,如果不注意raincoats这个词那就很可能草率地选择A。raincoats是“雨衣”的意思,而不是一般的衣服,那么不是因为外面“冷”,而是因为“下雨”才穿“雨衣”。正确答案为D。  
2. —_______ do you _______ about spring?
—The flowers and the green trees.
A. How, like B. How, think C. What, think D. What, like
【解析】此题陷阱选项为A或B或C。这是由于忽略语境造成的。由答语The flowers and the green trees. 可知,所问的是“你喜欢春天的什么?”而不是“你觉得春天怎么样?”。正确答案为D。
3. —What’s your sister like?
—_______.
A. She is a worker B. She likes pears
C. She is very thin D. She is like her father
【解析】此题陷阱选项为B或D。有很多考生一看题干中的like一词就会想当然地选择B或D。其实,问句的意思是“你姐姐长得怎么样?”因此,正确答案为C。What’s … like? 这个句型常常用来询问某人的长相或某事的情况(包括天气情况)。
4. —It’s too hot. Would you mind _______ the door?
—_______. Please do it now.
A. to open, OK B. opening, Certainly not
C. opening, Of course D. to open, Good idea
【解析】此题陷阱选项为A。一方面是由于不了解mind的用法,另一方面的由于忽略造成的。mind后面接动词时要用其ing形式。由答语中的Please do it now. 可知“不介意”。正确答案为B。
5. —If you have any trouble, be sure to call me.
—_______.
A. I am glad to hear that B. I will. thank you very much.
C. I have no trouble D. I will think it over
【解析】此题陷阱选项为A或D。由于受汉语思维的影响很容易选择A或D。其实,问句意为“如果你有麻烦,一定要打电话给我”,这是一个表示请求的句子,对于别人的请求要么拒绝要么接受,而不能含糊其辞。正确答案为C。
典型形容词和副词考题分析

1. We should keep _______ in the reading-room.
A. quite B. quietly
C. quiet D.quickly
【解析】此题容易误选A或B。选A是由于不细心,把quite当成是quiet,草率做题造成的;选B是由于把keep误认为是一般的实义动词,修饰实义动词当然得用副词。其实,这里的keep连系动词,后面要接形容词作表语。正确答案为C。
2. The light in the room wasn’t _______for me to read.
A. enough bright B. brightly enough
C. enough brightly D. bright enough
【解析】此题容易误选A或B。选A的人是受的汉语思维的影响,enough bright翻译过来正好是“足够明亮”的意思,其实这并不符合英语的习惯,在英语中当enough修饰形容词或副词时一定要后置;选B的人没有注意所缺的成分是表语,作表语时应该用形容词而不用副词。正确答案为D。
3. She is _______of the two.
A. the cleverest B. the cleverer
C. the clever D. cleverest
【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于思维定势引起的。因为最高级的比较范围往往用of短语引出,那么一些考生一看到of一词就毫不犹豫地选择了A项。其实,由这里的two可知,两者中的比较只能用比较级,而且指特定的两者中“较……的那一个”时,比较级前往往要用定冠词the。因此正确答案为B。
4. —How far is the factory from here?
—It’s about 4 kilometres _______.
A. far B. long
C. away D. near
【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于受到汉语思维的影响,因为译成汉语正好是“大约4公里远”。其实,问距离时可以用How far is …. ?,但是far不能与表示具体的距离连用,此时应该用away。因此,正确答案为C。
5. —Do you have enough men to carry these chairs?
—No. I think we need _______ men.
A. another B. other two
C. more two D. two more
【解析】此题容易误选A或B或C。选A的同学是由于草率做题造成的,因为这里空格后面是个复数名词,而不是单数可数名词,因此不能选A。选B或C的同学是由于汉语思维的影响引起的,汉语中说“另外两个”,但是英语中要说other two或two more,这与汉语的习惯不一样。正确答案为D。
其实,another后面也可以接一些表示时间、距离、金钱、重量等的复数名词。如:
If you give us another twenty minutes (= twenty more minutes), we will finish the work. 如果你再给我们二十分钟,我们就可以完成这项工作。
6. He is taller than _______ girl in his class.
A. any B. other
C. any other D. another
【解析】此题容易误选C。这是由于思维定势引起的。平时大家都熟悉这样的句子China is larger than any other country in Asia. Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. 于是than any other这个结构在同学们的头脑中已经根根深蒂固了。其实,到底要不要other, 关键是看主语是否也在比较的范围之内;如果在范围之内,就必须用other, 以此来避免与自身进行比较;如果不在范围之内,则不能用other, 因为没有必要把自身排除。这里主语he不属于girl in his class之列,不能用other, 因此正确为A。
7. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard _______ voice.
A. the best B. a best
C. the better D. a better
【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于思维定势引起的,许多同学认为最高级前加了定冠词the肯定没错。其实,这是一个暗含比较级,它省略了一些我们很清楚的东西,句子的完整形式应为:I have never heard a better voice than her voice. 因此正确答案为D。





三道易错名词考题分析

1. _______ fathers made them have piano lessons.
A. Peter and Ann’s B. Peter’s and Ann’s
C. Peter’s and Ann D. Peter and Ann
【解析】此题容易误选A或C。错误的原因是由于受思维定势的影响。平时考生们做多了“This is Lucy and Lily’s bedroom. ”这样的题,那么一看到这样的题就想到只是在后面一个单词后面用所有格。其实,到底用一个所有格,还是用两个所有格,取决于它们所修饰的名词:如果所修饰的名词是单数可数名词,就只在后面一个名词后面用所有格;如果所修饰的名词是复数可数名词,就两个名词都用所有格。正确答案为B。
2. There are a lot _______ people today than yesterday.
A. of B. / C. most D. more
【解析】此题容易误选A。有不少考生因受“ a lot of +名词”这一思维定势的影响,一看到a lot,就选择了A。其实,该句中的a lot是用来修饰形容词的比较级more的,than引导的是比较状语从句。正确答案为D。
3. “Excuse me, are you _______? ”
“No, we are _______. ”
A. American, Englishman B. American, Germans
C. American, Germen D. Englishman, Americans
【解析】先从词性来看,American 和 German 既可以用作名词也可以用作形容词,用作名词时,其复数形式分别为Americans 和 Germans;选项中的Englishman只能用作名词,其复数形式是Englishmen。
先看第一空:如果单从Excuse me, are you _______?来看,要是填Englishman,就应该在其前加不定冠词,即说成Excuse me, are you an Englishman? 但是,根据答语中的 we are…可知,问句中的you 其实是指“你”,而是指“你们”,所以如果用Englishman,就应换成 Englishmen 才对。由此可排除选项D。
再看第二空:由于German的复数是Germans,不是Germen,由此可确定C错误;再根据we are…可知,其后若用名词Englishman,必须要用复数Englishmen,而不能是单数,所以排除A。
所以此题答数为B。
两道中考英语冠词易错题分析
1. A spaceship flies at about eleven kilometers _______ second.
A. / B. the C. a D. an
【解析】此题容易误选B。这是由于思维定势引起的,很多同学认为这里的second是序数词,前面应该用定冠词the修饰。其实,second是“秒”的意思。正确答案为C。

2. _______ India and China are of _______ same continent.
A. /; the B. The ; the C. /; / D. /; a
【解析】此题容易误选D。这是由于受汉语思维的影响造成的,因为译成汉语时这句话的意思是“印度和中国在同一个大洲”,汉语里说“同一个”,在英语中要说“the same”,这就是此题的陷阱所在。正确答案为A。
语境•交际•常识
●打好语境基础
所谓语境就是指上下文。解答中考单项填空题,不要只盯在空格那个地方,也不要只盯在含空格的那一个句子,而要理解整个上下文的意思才能作出选择。请看下面这道中考题:
—You’re very ______, aren’t you? —Yes. Our team has won the game.
A. happy B. worried C. sad D. afraid
解答此题时你若只看问句,填任何一个答案都是正确的,当看到答句中的has won the match才知道只有答案A正确。
●打好交际基础
就是指考生还要懂得英语国家的人与中国人由于历史文化和思维方式的不同所造成日常交往中语言表达的不同。请看下面这道中考题:
—Your spoken English is much better! —______.
A. Oh, no B. You’re right C. thank you D. Not at all
当被别人称赞时,谦虚的中国人常说“不,哪里哪里”或“不,还差得远咧”等等,若按这种思维,很容易错选答案A或D;而西方人却是向对方表示感谢,所以答案是C。
●打好常识基础
有的中考试题既不是考词汇知识也不是考语法规则,而是考查考生的生活经验和科普常识,比如超市、加油站、公园、学校等公共场所的标志和电视中的一些图标等等。因此,在平时的日常生活中要细心观察,多看书报多看电视,广泛涉猎,并注意生活经验和科普常识的积累。请看下面这道中考试题:
Which of the following weather signs means “windy”?
答案是D,因为这个图表示windy。答案A表示cloudy,B表示rainy,C表示sunny。
中考英语典型代词考点易错题例析

1. I hear someone _______at the door. Please go and see who _______ is.
A. knock, he B. knocking, he C. knock, it D. knocking, it
【解析】此题容易误选A或B。这是由于汉语思维的影响引起的。大家都知道hear sb. do sth. 意为“听见某人做某事”,hear sb. doing sth. 意为“听见某人正在做某事”,这样一来很多人就会选择A或B,因为后面“去看看他是谁”从汉语的角度来看是没有错的。其实,在英语中常常用it来指代身份(姓名、职业等)不详的人。有人敲门时我们常常用英语问“Who is it?”正确答案为D。
2. Lucy and I are classmates. We _______ in Class One.
A. all are B. are all C. both are D. are both
【解析】此题容易误选A或C。这里受到汉语思维的影响引起的,译成汉语正好是“我们都在一班”。表示两者都要用both,both一般放在be动词、情态动词或助动词之后,行为动词之前。正确答案为D。
3. There is _______ egg at home. Will you please get _______ for me, please?
A. no, some B. not, some C. not any, any D. not an, any
【解析】此题容易误选C或D。这是由于死记语法条文引起的。因为大家都知道some一般用于肯定句中,而any一般用于疑问句或否定句中,这样一来A和B首先就给排除了。其实,在表示请求或建议的疑问句,如Would you like…? / What would you like…? / Could you/ I …? / What about…? / How about…? / Would/ will you please…?等等疑问句中习惯上要用some而不用any。又因为no可以直接修饰名词,而not必须加上a/an或any之后才可以接名词。因此正确答案为A。
4. —A latest English newspaper, please!
—Only one copy left. Would you like to have _______, sir?
A. one B. this C. that D. it
【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于忽略语境和思维定势造成的。这里是在询问是否有报纸卖,很多同学认为这里最后一句话的意思是“先生,你是否想要一份”。其实,由上文中的Only one copy left. 可知,只剩下一份报纸了,这暗示了购买者别无选择,只能买“它”了。正确答案为D。

中考英语交际口语易错题10例(有详解)

1. —Don’t make any noise in the living room! My baby is sleeping.
—_______.
A. Sorry, I won’t B. It doesn’t matter
C. Excuse me, I’m wrong D. Certainly, I won’t
【解析】此题容易误选 C 或 D。一方面可能由于不知道 Excuse me. 与 Sorry. 的区别,而误选为C;另一方面可能由于不理解这一语境而误选为D。这里听话者是做错了事情,做错的事情首先应该说 Sorry 表示歉意,然后现表示不会再那样做了。正确答案为A。
2. —I haven’t seen Jack for three days, is he ill?
—_______. His mother told me that he was in hospital.
A. I am afraid so B. I hope not
C. I don’t expect D. I am afraid not
【解析】此题容易误选B或D。一般来说我们不希望别人生病,如果不注意语境的话,就很可能误选为B或D。由下文His mother told me that he was in hospital. 可知Jack可能生病了。I am afraid so. 意为“恐怕是这样的”,常用来表示一种不太肯定的语气。正确答案为A
3. —Excuse me. May I use your computer?
—_______. It’s broken.
A. Sure B. Yes, here you are
C. With pleasure D. I’m afraid not
【解析】此题易犯草率答题的错误而误选A或B。对于别人的请求大多数要用肯定回答,如果没有下文的It’s broken. 选择A或B那肯定是正确的。由下文的It’s broken. 可知,这里应该拒绝对方的请求,故正确答案为D。这里I’m afraid not. 意为“恐怕不行”。
4. —Can I get you something to drink, Mr Smith?
—_______. I am thirsty.
A. Here you are B. No, thank you
C. You’re welcome D. Yes, please
【解析】此题容易误选B。因为当对方问自己是否需要某物时可以说Yes, please. 表示接受,也可以说No, thank you. 表示拒绝。如果不注意看下文的I’m thirsty. 就很可能误选为B。正确答案为D。
5. —Your sweater is very beautiful, Joan!
—_______.
A. thank you all the same B. Not at all
C. Just so-so D. thank you
【解析】此题容易误选B或C。在汉语中受到别人的表扬或赞美时往往感到不好意思,要谦虚一番,受汉语思维的影响就很容易选择B或C。在英语中受到表扬或赞美时往往要欣然接受,向对方表示谢意。如果草率做题此题也很可能会误选为A。正确答案为D。
6. —What do you do? —_______.
A. I am thirteen B. I work hard
C. I’m fine D. I’m a student
【解析】此题容易误选B。What do you do? 所问的不是经常“做什么”,而是在询问对方的“职业”,它相当于What’s your job? 因此正确答案为D。
注意:以下句型的意思:What is he? (用来询问职业)他是干什么的?What does he do? (= What’s his job? ) (用来询问职业) What is he like? (用来询问长相或人品) 他长得怎么样?/他是怎样一个人? How is he? (用来询问身体状况)他身体怎么样?How old is he? (用来询问年龄) 他多大了?
7. —Andy isn’t going out this evening, is she?
—_______. She has to stay at home to look after her sick mother.
A. Yes, she is B. No, she isn’t
C. Yes, she isn’t D. No, she is
【解析】此题容易误选C。答语应译作“是,她不出去”才对,因此受到汉语思维的影响此题就很可能选C,但是这不符合英语的习惯。其实,否定的疑问句回答与肯定的疑问句的回答方式是一样的,答案肯定的就用“Yes, + 肯定的省略句”;答案是否定的就用“No, +否定的省略句”。只不过否定疑问句的答语中Yes要译作“不”,No要译作“是的”,这一点与汉语有点错位。例如:你是一名学生,假如有人这样问你:Are you a student? / Aren’t you a student? / You are a student, aren’t you? / You aren’t a student, are you? 那么你的回答都应该是“Yes, I am.”。只不过应注意在回答第2和第4个问句时Yes要译作“不”。
8. —Hello. May I speak to Mr. Wang?
—Who’s calling, please.
—_______.
A. I’m Mr. Wang B. Mr. Wang is here
C. This is Mr. Wang speaking D. Mr. Wang is calling
【解析】此题容易误选A或B或D。这是受的汉语思维的影响,因为汉语中在电话时常常说“我是某人”时,但是英语中不说“I am… / … is here. ”而习惯上说“This is … (speaking). / Speaking. ”正确答案为C。
9. —I fell and hurt my leg just not.
—_______.
A. Be careful B. It doesn’t matter
C. I’m sorry to hear that D. Nothing serious
【解析】此题容易误选A或B或D。这里也很容易受到汉语思维的影响,因为平时对方告诉我们说他或她摔倒了,我们总会对他或她进行安慰说一些“小心点”,“没关系”等等之类的话。而在英语中听到对方诉说一些不幸的事情时往往要说“I’m sorry to hear that. / Bad luck!”之类的话表示同情或安慰,这一点与汉语的习惯不一样。正确答案为C。
10. —_______.
—thank you very much. I will.
A. Congratulations! B. Best wishes to you
C. Please say hello to your family. D. What a good wish to your family!
【解析】此题容易误选A或B。因为A和B两项都可以用thank you very much. 来回答,如果不注意后面的I will. ,那么选择A或B的可能性是非常大的。正确答案为C。Please say hello to your family. 意为“请代我向你的家人问好”。

做好中考英语阅读理解题的实用技巧

1. 保持良好的精神状态。良好的精神状态对于考场上的考生来说非常重要。因为只有在心理放松的情况下,考生的精力才能够集中,思维才会敏捷,从而才能将自己的真实水平发挥出来。
2. 抓住中心句。阅读短文之前,先看短文是否有标题。若有,应给予高度重视。因为标题是文章主题的高度凝聚,它能给我们启发和想象,有利于加深对短文的理解,从而提高做题效率。另外,在没有标题的情况下,应充分重视短文的首、尾句。因为大多数文章都是按照“总---分---总”的结构布局的。据统计,英语中有60%-90%的主题句位于段首和段尾,短文的其他文字往往是对这些中心句的解释和说明。
3. 克服不良习惯,提高阅读速度。由于考试的时间有限,在保证不出偏差的前提下,一定要尽可能地提高阅读速度。倘若能注意克服以下不良习惯,就可以大大提高阅读速度:①心读。考场上不能出声阅读,于是有的考生就在心里读,有时考生的嘴唇也在动。这是非常不好的习惯,一定要下决心克服。因为这样做会直接制约着阅读速度的提高;②回视(指重新阅读上文)。阅读中的回视是一种无效劳动,所以应一口气把文章读完,尽量不要回视。这坏习惯是慢慢形成的,不是一朝一夕就能克服掉的。在平时的学习中就应当引起注意并加以克服;③一个词一个词地看。阅读时,视线应从左向右跳跃式移动,着重扫描意群,同时注意意群中的重要单词,以寻求主要的语言信息。可将冠词、系动词、助动词及不定式符号等小品词一扫而过,不可一词不漏地全部都看一遍;④只读不记。正确的做法是:一边阅读一边用笔记下或标出那些与文后所设问题有关的信息。这样,在做题时就用不着重新查阅短文,至少不用一句一句地再寻找那些隐约有印象的信息,从而可以节省一些时间。
4. 判断要有依据,推理要顺乎作者的意图。对于推理性或评价性之类的阅读理解题目,在材料中一般是找不到现成答案的,必须通读全篇,对所获信息加以筛选、提炼、推断,对作者的思想倾向,对文中提及的人物或事件可能产生的结局等,加以综合考虑才能得出正确结论。对这种题,不能以偏概全,不能“只见树木,不见森林”,不能以个人的想法代替作者的意图。
5. 遇到生词时,一定要沉着、冷静。中考英语试题中,一般是不会盲目地出现生词的,但不排除出现影响答题的生词,同时也可能出现猜测生词的题目,因为猜测词义也是阅读能力的体现,当然也在考查范围之列。遇到这种题目,只要理解了全篇材料的大部分内容,弄清了上、下文之间的内在联系,判断出它在文中可能存在的含义是不难的。英语中猜测词义的方法很多。如:
(1)根据上、下文进行猜测。这是最重要,也是最常用的方法。有些生词可以通过上下文的相关信息,或根据同位语,修饰语等猜测词义。例如:
The people who survived the earthquake cried bitterly over the bodies of their relatives.
【分析】一般来说,中考“阅读理解”题中的“词义猜测”,并不要求考生根据构词法去分析单词的词义,而是要求考生根据文中的有关信息对生词的词义进行推断性的猜测。联系上下文,不难看出:这些人的亲属死了,他们在哭,显然他们在地震中“survive”了。这个词不就是“幸存”之意吗?可见,这种词义猜测也是建立在对上下文的正确理解之上的。又如:
The pupils assembled in front of the school hall. They came together to listen to the headmaster announce the result of the sports meeting.
【分析】下文中的短语came together意思是“聚到一起”,由此可以推断出学生们是“聚集到”学校大厅里听运动会的结果的。故该词的意思是“聚集”。
(2)利用构词法进行猜测。英语的构词法大致可分为派生、转化和合成等。例如:
Man differs from most from all the other animals in their ability to learn and use languages.
【分析】不难发现,本句中的生词differ跟different是同根词,搭配也是from,其前有man,其后有animals,根据这些信息可以断定动词differ此处有“和……不相同”、“与……存在差别”之意。
这里要特别强调一点,大部分阅读题目在设计过程中,已充分考虑到了生词对答题的影响。对于那些对答题无关紧要的生词,如人名、地名、产品商标名称或影视剧目名称等,一般是不加注汉语的,只要能推断出那些生词的类别就可以了,不必弄清其准确含义。对于那些一时难以断定其意思又不妨碍理解的生词,大可不必理会。
另外,熟词新义也是应当引起重视的。英语词语往往具有一词多义,在不同的场合它所表达的意思就不一定相同。如果仅仅用它的主要或常用的词义来理解一篇文章,就可能产生误解,或者根本无法了解作者的意图。如果一时间想不起该词的其他含义,可根据上下文来判断该词的词义。特别是那些关键词,必须仔细推敲。
●实战训练●
A
Have you ever heard of e-books? E-books are electronic books. They are no larger than an ordinary book, with a screen on which you can read.
How does the e-book work?
First, you call up websites on your computer and select books that you want. There are thousands of books provided by different websites on the Internet. Then download the books you like on to your e-book. You can download about 10 books at a time. Now you can just sit back and enjoy yourself reading.
Compared with ordinary books, e-books have many advantages. First of all, e-books save space. You can put as many as 10 books into a thing no bigger than a pocket radio and then carry it everywhere. You can renew reading materials in your e-book as many times as you like. With the development of e-book technology, probably an e-library will appear. Then you just take your e-books there and download what you want to read. You no longer need to worry about whether your books are over-due or not.
根据短文内容,选择可以完成句子的最佳答案。
1. E-books are ________.
A. electronic books
B. no larger than an ordinary book
C. very popular in big city
D. A, B and C
2. First, you ________.
A. call up websites on your computer
B. read books that you want
C. turn on your e-book
D. download the books you like
3. You can download ________ books at a time.
A. two B. ten C. twelve D. twenty
4. E-books ________.
A. save space B. save money
C. look like a pocket radio D. carry it easily
5. There must be an ________ in the future.
A. e-book B. e-mail C. e-library D. e-house
B
Eager to open up a space tourism market, a Russian company presented a “space place” model. It would give tourists the chance to spend an hour in space.
Anybody who can pay about $100,000 would be able to experience zero gravity. About 100 people have already booked seats to fly on the C-21 plane. The US company helped the first space tourist, Dennis Tito, to secure his flight to the International Space Station. Tito is said to have paid $20 million for the eight-day trip. C-21 would offer tourists a small glimpse of space. The aircraft, carrying a pilot and two passengers, will be positioned on top of a carrier airplane until it is 17,100 metres in the air. Once released from the carrier, the ship’s own rocket will send it to a height of over 96 kilometers for three minutes of weightlessness. Then C-21 will slide back into the atmosphere and land like an ordinary plane. The entire flight will only take about an hour.(from www.zkenglish.com)
仔细阅读短文,补上每个句子中所缺的词,使句意完整,语句连贯。
6. A ________ company would give tourists the ________ to spend an hour in space.
7. About 100 people are ________ to spend $100,000 for ________ on the C-21 plane.
8. Dennis Tito is the first ________ ________. He have paid $20 million for the eight-day trip in space.
9. A ________ and two ________ will be positioned on top of a carrier airplane.
10. C-21 will ________ back into the atmosphere and ________ like an ordinary plane.

C
Once a boy who wanted to fly covered his arms with feathers. He used wax to keep the feathers on. But he flew too close to the sun. The wax melted. The feathers came off. Down came the boy!
This is just a story. But it tells us that man has always dreamed of flying. In 1783, this dream came true. Two French brothers invented the hot-air balloon. It rose a thousand feet high.
It took almost 100 years for men to move from the hot-air balloon to the first airship. It was invented in the late 1900s. It was a powered balloon.
In North Carolina of America, less than twenty-five years later, the Wright Brothers flew the first airplane. This first flight, in 1903, lasted less than half a minute. It covered just a few feet.
根据短文内容,选择能回答所提问题的最佳答案。
11. Why did the boy come down from the sky? Because ________.
A. he covered his arms with feathers
B. he used wax to keep the feathers on
C. he flew too close to the sun
D. the wax melted and the feathers came off
12. Who invented the hot-air balloon?
A. Two French brothers. B. the Wright Brothers.
C. Benjamin Franklin. D. Einstein.
13.When was the first airship invented?
A. In the late 1900s. B. About 100 years ago.
C. A and B. D. Many years ago.
14. How about the first airplane?
A. The Wright Brothers invented the first airplane.
B. It flew less than half a minute and a few feet high.
C. This first flight was in 1903.
D. It was born in North Carolina of America.
【答案与解析】
1. D。根据E-books are electronic books. They are no larger than an ordinary book, with a screen on which you can read 可知答案为D。
2. A。根据First, you call up websites on your computer and select books that you want可知答案为A。
3. B。根据You can download about 10 books at a time(你每次大约能下载10本书)就能确定答案。
4. A。根据First of all, e-books save space. You can put as many as 10books into a thing no bigger than a pocket radio and then carry it everywhere(首先,电子书节省空间,你能放10本书进入比口袋收音机大不多的一件东西里,且可携带到任何地方去)可确定答案。
5. C。根据With the development of e-book technology, probably an e-library will appear(随着电子书技术的发展,电子图书馆就会应运而生)就能确定答案。
6. Russian, chance。根据Eager to open up a space tourism market, a Russian company presented a “space place” model. It would give tourists the chance to spend an hour in space(人类渴望开发太空旅游市场, 一家俄罗斯公司提出一项“太空住所” 样式,将给旅游者提供1小时在太空潇洒的机会)足能敲定要填的词(from www.zkenglish.com)。
7. eager, flying。根据Anybody who can pay about $100,000 would be able to experience zero gravity. About 100 people have already booked seats to fly on the C-21 plane (任何能负担得起大约10万美元的人都能体验飞行时之失重状态,约有100人已经预定了飞向太空的C-21 型飞机的座位)足能敲定要填的词。
8. space tourist。根据The US company helped the first space tourist, Dennis Tito, to secure his flight to the International Space Station. Tito is said to have paid $20 million for the eight-day trip(美国公司帮助第一位太空旅行者丹尼斯•提托安全飞行到太空站上,据提托说他付了两千万美元旅行了8天)足能敲定要填的词。
9. pilot, passengers。根据The aircraft, carrying a pilot and two passengers, will be positioned on top of a carrier airplane until it is 17,100 metres in the air(载一个飞行员和两名乘客的太空船安放在一架航空母舰上,一直飞行到17,100米的高度)足能敲定要填的词。
10. slide, land。根据Then C-21 will slide back into the atmosphere and land like an ordinary plane(然后C-21就滑回到大气层中,像一架普通飞机着陆到地面上)足能敲定要填的词。
11. D。根据 Once a boy who wanted to fly covered his arms with feathers. He used wax to keep the feathers on. But he flew too close to the sun. The wax melted. The feathers came off (从前, 一个胳膊上绑着羽毛的男孩想飞向蓝天。他用蜡把羽毛粘在胳膊上,由于飞得离太阳太近,蜡融化了,羽毛脱落了) 显然, 选项A和选项B都不是原因,选项C是原因,选项D才是最佳答案。
12. A。根据 Two French brothers invented the hot-air balloon(两个法国兄弟发明了热气球)就能确定选项。
13. C。根据 It took almost 100 years for men to move from the hot-air balloon to the first airship. It was invented in the late 1900s可知答案选C。
14. B。根据This first flight, in 1903, lasted less than half a minute. It covered just a few feet(1903年诞生了第一架飞机,飞行不到半分钟,仅飞了几英尺高)可知答案选B。



备考现在完成时的六个要点

现在完成时是初中英语中最重要也是最难掌握的一个时态,同时它也是中考英语中一个最重要的时态考点,许多同学们对现在完成的用法似懂非懂,具体做题时也往往是跟着感觉走。本文结合初中英语的教学内容和中考英语的考查特点,为同学们归纳学好定语从句必须注意的五个方面,供大家参考。
一、弄清基本构成方法
现在完成时由“have / has+过去分词”构成。其中的have / has 为助动词,构成疑问句时,可将其提前;构成否定句时,可直接在其后加not。
二、掌握两种主要用法
现在完成时主要有两种用法,一种是已完成用法,也叫影响性用法;另一种是未完成用法,也叫持续性用法。两种用法的特点是:
1. 已完成用法(影响性用法):该用法的现在完成时表示一个过去发生的动作在过去已经完成,并且这个过去发生并完成的动作对现在有影响或结果,同时说话强调的或感兴趣的就是这个影响或结果。如:
She has left. 她离开了。(对现在的影响或结果:她现在不在这儿。)
Has she found her car key? 她找到她的车钥匙了吗?(对现在的影响或结果:她能开她的车了吗?)
I have finished my work. 我的工作做完了。(对现在的影响或结果:现在我没事了。)
He has eaten nothing today. 他今天什么也没吃。(对现在的影响或结果:他现在一定很饿。)
2. 未完成用法(持续性用法):该用法的现在完成时表示一个过去发生的动作并未在过去完成,而是一直持续到现在,并且有可能继续下去(也可能到此结束)。如:
How have you been? 你近来怎样?
She has been a teacher for 20 years. 她已当了20年的老师。
How long have you lived here? 你在这里住了多久了?
They have been married for ten years. 他们结婚已经10年了。
I’ve known her for a long time. 我认识她很长时间了。
注:除以上用法外,现在完成时还可表示过去的重复动作甚至将来动作。如:
He has always gone to work by bike. 他总是骑自行车上班。
I’ll go to bed when I’ve finished my homework. 我做完作业后就上床睡觉了。
三、注意通常连用的副词
现在完成时通常连用的副词有already, never, ever, just, before, recently等。如:
We have finished our work already. 我们已经完成了工作。
He has never driven a car before. 他过去从未开过车。
Have you ever been a teacher? 你当过教师吗?
She’s just been to a party. 她刚参加一个晚会回来。
I’ve just had some photos taken. 我刚照了几张相。
但是,若不强调动作对现在的影响,这些副词也可用一般过去时。如:
He just arrived in Japan. 他刚到日本。
Such things didn’t happen before. 那样的事以前没有发生过。
I hear that he went abroad recently. 我听说他最近出国了。
四、注意since与现在完成时的关系
since不管用作介词、连词还是副词,句子(主句)谓语通常都用现在完成时。如:
I haven’t seen her since last week. 自上周以来我一直未见过她
I met him in 1975 and haven't seen him since. 1975年我见过他,但自那以后就一直未见到他。
We have been good friends since we met at school. 自从读书相识以来,我们一直是好朋友。
注:表示时间长度时,通常用一般现在时代替现在完成时。如:
It’s a long time since I met you last. 好久不见了。
It’s about six months since we arrived here. 我们到这里大约有半年了。
五、注意现在完成时与一般过去时的区别
现在完成时的已完成用法很容易与一般过去时相混淆,其区别是:前者强调对现在的影响和结果,后者不强调这个影响和结果,而是强调这个动作发生的时间是在过去。如:
I’ve lived here for ten years. 我在这里住了10年。(现在仍住这儿)
I lived here for ten years. 我在这里住过10年。(现在不住这儿了)
Has he got up? 他起来了吗? (着眼现在情况)
Did you get up very early? 你起来很早吗? (着眼动作本身)
I’ve got no news from him. 我没听到他的消息。(不知道他的情况怎样)
I got the news from Jim. 这消息我是从吉姆那听来的。(单纯谈论动作)

六、掌握have been to 和have gone to的用法区别
两者均可后接地点,前者表示去过某地,通常可与表示次数的状语连用;后者表示到某地去了,强调说话的当时去某地的人不在场。比较:
She has been to Europe twice. 她到欧洲去过两次。
She has gone to Europe. 她到欧洲去了。(即现在不在这儿)
注:若其后不是接名词,而是接副词,则不用to。如:
He has been abroad many times. 他多次出国。
He has gone home. 他回家去了。

做好选择填空的六项注意

1. 注意暗示的语言信息
当今许多考题不再像以往那样直抒题意,而是把题置于一个特定的环境。这样的选择题常在题干上附带文字信息。这种信息就是答题的关键,所以要认真研究暗示信息,结合所学知识点,选出最佳答案。例如:
(1) Is there ______ food in the fridge?I’m hungry.
A. some B. any C. something D. anything
本题是考查不定代词的用法,从题干上可知C、D不作定语,应考虑A、B两个选项,这时就需要领会附加成分I’m hungry. 的含义,它的意思是“我饿了。”,言下之意希望冰箱里有食物,即希望肯定回答,故选A。
(2) ______ have you been to Xi’an?
—Twice. (from www.zkenglish.com)
A. How soon B. How m any times
C. How often D. How long
本题主要是对疑问词的考查,由于A用于将来时态,D用于表段时间,本题只有在B、C中选择了。有的同学一见Twice就会选C,本题的关键也确实在Twice这个附加成分上,仔细分析Twice,它表示“两次”,并不是多久两次,故选B。
2. 注意思维定势的影响
“思维定势”在这里是指我们习惯的思维方式,学生往往受所谓“语法习惯,固定搭配”等思维方式的影响,凭借自己“丰富”的解题经验,盲目地选择答案。当然,凭经验有一定的快速答题优势,但它有时又往往干扰考生做题。做这样的题,我们要仔细分析题干,找准考点并逐个排除选出最佳答案。例如:
(1) There are a lot ____ people today than yesterday.
A. of B. most C. / D. more
有的同学一看此题,就会认为选A,因为是固定搭配a lot of。如果我们仔细分析一下题干可知,此句有一连词than引导的比较状语从句,这是个比较结构,排除A、C项,B是最高级应排除,故答案理所当然应选D。本题的考查点应是副词a lot修饰比较级m ore,意为“多得多”。
(2) Shanghai is larger than ____ city in New Zealand.
A. any other B. other C. all other D. any
此题是考查比较级句型,很多考生就容易误选A,因为“比较级+than any other +名词”这一比较模式在学生的思维中已成定式,印象很深。可是新西兰这个国家与上海所在国家(中国)不是同一地理范围,上海不是与本国的城市相比,而是与它国的城市相比,不必排除“自身”这个比较对象。不必加other一词。故本题选D。
3. 注意英语习惯表达,排除母语干扰
由于英美人的文化习俗和我们中国人不一样,因此在不同的场合,不同的时间,对待不同的事情,我们不能想当然按我们的思维方式答题,而应该用英美人的思维方式。例如:
(1) —Would you like some more fish?
—______, I’m full.
A. Yes, please B. No, thanks
C. No, I won’t have it D. Yes, I won’t to
本题考查英语的口语表达习惯,在西方国家,想接受或拒绝对方盛情时用“Yes,please.”或“No,thanks.”,由题意应选B。而很多学生受母语“我想要”或“不想”的影响,易误选C。
(2) —You are a beautiful girl. —_____.
A. No,I am not beautiful B. thank you
C. Not at all D. I’m not so beautiful as you.
本题应选B。根据英美人士的习惯,当别人夸奖或赞美你时,你不应过分谦虚,而应该表示感谢以示礼貌和自信(尽管明知自己在此方面不行),千万别受母语影响,说一些自谦的话而选A或C。

4. 注意一些特殊的语法现象
在英语中,有一些看似不和常理的特殊用法,很容易给学生造成误解而答错题。例如:
(1) I will ring you up when I ____ Wuhan tomorrow.
A. will reach B. reached C. reaches D. reach
本题考查的是动词时态,有些同学一见从句后有tom orrow,就选A,实际上在我们学习语法知识时有这样一条“如果主句是一般将来时态、情态动词加动词原形、祈使句时,由if引导的条件状语从句和when,until,be-fore,after,as soon as引导的时间状语从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时”。所以本题应选D。
(2) He told m e that the sun ____ in the east.
A. rose B. had risen C. rises D. have risen
本题是考查动词的时态,有些同学认为当主句是过去式时,宾语从句应是与过去有关的各种时态,很容易选B。如果我们仔细分析一下that引导的宾语从句,就可知“太阳从东方升起”应是一种自然现象。我们都知道表述客观真理、自然现象和客观规律时,不受其他条件影响一律用一般现在时,故本题应选C。
5. 注意一些其他学科知识对答题的影响
有些同学在做题时,往往英语意思明白,可是由于其他(如:天文、地理、历史、生活等)知识欠佳而失分。英语和汉语一样都是人们用于学习其他知识的工具,所以我们不能为学英语而学英语,而应把它加以运用。例如:
(1) The People’s Republic of China was founded.
A. on October 1, 1949 B. 1949, on October 1
C. in October 1, 1949 D. 1949, in October 1
(2) Which is ____, the moon or the earth?
A. big B. bigger C. biggest D. the biggest
显而易见,题1涉及历史知识“中华人民共和国建立于1949年10月1日”,根据这一历史知识应选A。题2涉及的是天文知识“地球与月亮哪个大”,两者相比用比较级,故本题选B。
6. 熟记语法知识,注意习惯用法
近年来,有的中考题淡化了语法知识考查,但记牢最基本的语法知识仍有利于我们理解题意和答题。
The farm ers are all busy ____ apples.
A. pick B. to pick C. picking D. to picking
根据语法知识,be busy的习惯用法是be busy后接动词-ing形式。故本题应选C。像这样的固定用法还有enjoy doing sth, keep(sb /sth )doing sth, finish doing sth, can’t help doing sth, feel like doing sth, m ind doing sth, prerfer doing sth to doing sth 等等。

中考英语单项选择易错题精选

中考英语单项选择易错题精选
1 What do you think ______solve the problem ?
A you can do B can you do C you can do to D can you do to
2 In the past he often made his sister____, but now he is often made ___by his sister.
A to cry; to cry B cry; cry C to cry; cry D cry; to cry
3 The teacher told us that the sun ____in the east.
A rises B rose C raises D raised
4 He lives in a village _____there are a lot of trees.
A there B where C that D which
5 He _________ Alice for ten years.
A married to B has married to C has married D has been married to
6 We need fifteen more people _____our team to do the job.
A but B except C as well D besides
7 They won`t allow us ________ at this beach.
A swimming B to swim C swam D swim
8 Is this factory ______you visited last week?
A that B where C the one D in which
9 The reason ____he was absent from the meeting was ____his car broke down on the way.
A that; because B why; that C that; that D for; that
10 Is the river_____ through that town very large?
A which flows B flows C that flowing D whose flows
11 The teacher told me that the students I wanted to see were seen___ football on the playground just now.
A playing B to be playing C play D to play
12 The red rose is the only one _____I real like.
A which B who C that D whom
13 All the apples _____ fell down were eaten by the pigs.
A those B which C what D that
14 Don`t forget the day ______you were received into the Youth League.
A when B that C at which D where
15 I prefer________ at home to ______outside.
A staying, playing B to stay, play C staying, play D to stay, playing
16 The box is _____what I saw in the shop.
A same as B the same like C the same that D the same as
17 The pen _______she writes letters is broken.
A which B that C with which D by which
18 Would you like to ______us in our discussion.
A take part in B join C taking part in D joining
19 I`m sure the red team will ______the game .
A win B beat C defeat D succeed
20 Ahead of me I saw a woman ____I thought was my aunt.
A who B whom C of whom D whose
21 _____your help, everything in the room is in good order now.
A Since B Because C thanks for D Thanks to
22 He is known to the world and has a lot of friends_______
A in and out of abroad B at home and abroad
C at home and at abroad D in home and out of abroad
23 ---Are you going there with them ?
----If you go,__________.
A I also go B so do I C so I will D so will I
24 -----The flower is beautiful.
---____________
A So is it B So it is C It is so D So it is
25 The number of people invited ____fifty, but a number of them _____absent for
different reasons.
A were; was B was ; was C was; were D were; were
26 We haven`t had any success _______
A before long B so long C by far D so far
27 Travellers ____our country enjoy the beautiful sights in Beijing, Hangzhou and
many other places of interest.
A for B to C till D by
28 If a man ______succeed, he must work as hard as he can.
A will B should C is going to D is to
29 ----I am sorry I didn`t do a good job.
-----Never mind. ______ you have tried your best.
A Above all B In all C At all D After all
30 The best way to make sure that you can keep fit is to ____healthy eating habits.
A find B create C develop D prepare
31 We have spent _____money on English books .
A a great deal of B a good many C a plenty of D a number of
32 _______met, it won`t be easily forgotten.
A If only B When if C Once D Once you were
33 The differences_____ these two pictures _____ colour are easy to see.
A in, of B from, of C between ,in D of ,in
34 You should put_____ “s” at the end of this word.
A a B / C an D the
35----What`s ______population of China ?
----China has_____ population of 1.2 billion.
A a; the B the; a C /;/ D the; the
36 It`s _______here. We can`t work long hours here.
A very much cold B much cold C much too cold D too much cold
37 _______terrible weather we`ve been having these days!
A How a B What a C How D What
38 ----Have you decided when_____?
-----Yes, tomorrow morning.
A will you leave B to be leaving C are you leaving D to leave
39 The song ____My heart will go on is liked by the young people.
A call B calling C called D to call
40 Train services are now back to ______after three days of typhoon.
A usual B common C ordinary D normal
41 He is the best ____English in our class.
A at B in C for D to
42 The policeman caught hold of the thief and hit him ____the head.
A in the B on his C on the D in his
43 Did John hit Bob _____eye ?
A in the B on the C in his D on his
44There is ____ interesting ____ today`s newspaper.
A anything …in B nothing. .in C something. .on D nothing.. on
45 Has your teacher given you any advice______ your study?
A in B to C on D with
46 It`s bad manners to laugh _____ others when they are _____ trouble.
A at ,in B over ,at C with ,on D to, with
47 Betty doesn`t have enough money to buy that coat. It`s very ___.
The price is too_____.
A high, high B expensive, expensive C expensive, high D high, expensive
48 This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ______comfortably.
A wearing B wear C wears D is worn
49 The diamond is _________.
A very valuable B of great value C great value D A or B
50 Behind the dancer there was a woman _______a large diamond ring.
A carrying B dressing C wearing D having
51 The young teacher who has a ____face can make his classes ____and interesting.
A lovely, lively B lovely, lovely C likely, friendly D uglily, lively
52 They were still _____their friends after their child’s long illness.
A in debt to B in the debt to C in debt with D in the debt with
53 _______, my brother passed the exam.
A To my great joy B To my great surprised C With my joy D With my surprise
54 I am all tears, ____,I am listening to you with all attention.
A in another words B in the other words C with other words D in other words
55 He started early _______he could get there before nine.
A in order that B because C so as to D in order to
56 As you know, whether the person will be elected president is matter of ___interest.
A general B common C ordinary D mostly
57 I _______ by his story that he made up.
A was taken on B was taken out C was taken in D am taken in
58 He didn`t go into detail on the subject ,he spoke ______.
A in general B in particular C in common D in short5
59 We designed the machine _____the purpose _______production.
A for, of increasing B with, of increasing C for, to increase D A or B
60 Hospital doctors don`t go out very often as their work ____all their time.
A takes away B takes in C takes over D takes up
61 We offered him our congratulation ____his passing the entrance exam.
A on B for C with D at
62 My mother _____classical music while I am ____rock music.
A is fond of, in B likes, like C is interested in; into D interests; enjoy
63 We each _____ strong points and each of us on the other hand _____weak points.
A have, have B has, have C has, has D have, has
64 He is one of the students who, I am sure, always do ____ best.
A his B one`s C my D their
65 The police ____determined to bring back the missing boy when his family____
almost given hope.
A is, has B are, have C are, has D is, have
66 More than one girl ____ late for class this morning.
A are B is C was D were
67 Many a student _____ in the exam.
A have failed B had been failed C has failed D will be failed
68 What he says and what he does _______.
A is not agree B are not agree C does not agree D do not agree
69 Not only politics but also English is important. In other words , ___is important.
A English, as well as politics B English as well as politics
C both politics and English D politics, as well as English
70 It was at the very beginning____ Mr.Smith made a decision ___we should send for a doctor.
A what, that B that, which C which, that D that, that
71 On the way back home from the ball, she suddenly found her necklace____.
A missed B losing C gone D be stolen
72 He didn`t go to the party not ______the time but _____he was ill.
A because of, because B because, because
C because, because of D because of, because of
73 The teacher gave me a piece of paper________.
A to write on B to be written on C to write in D to be written
74 I can`t believe he could jump _____high.
A very much B such C that D this
75 -----The boys are not doing a good job at all, are they?
------_____________.
A I guess not so B I don`t guess so C I don`t guess D I guess not
76 The magazine is ______reading, so he advised me ____it.
A well worth; to buy B very worth; buying
C worthing , buying D worthy, to buy
77 She is on a special _____to lose _____weight.
A food; her B food;/ D diet; her D diet;/
78 Jenny_____ a rich man. She has____ him for 5 years.
A married with; married with B married; married
C married to; been married D married; been married to
79 I am _____hungry. Give me _______of milk.
A a bit; a little B not a little; a bit C little; a lit D not a little; a little
80 A good friend is someone _____makes you ______.
A which; happy B who; happily C who; happy D whose; happily
81 He was about ____when suddenly the telephone rang.
A to leave B to starting C leaving D setting off
82 This task is _____difficult for us. We need ______people.
A much too; another three B too much; other three
C much too; more three D too much; three more
83 He seems to ______to Jane. He knows her well.
A have been introduced B be introduced C have introduced D introduced
84 This is a film ______Spielberg used real actors instead of stunt men.
A which B whose C in which D of which
85 He ____- much of his success and happiness _____his wife and children.
A thanks; to B owes; to C owns; to D thinks; highly of
86 He will never forget the days ______he spent with you in Japan.
A when B that C on which D in which
87 Which sentence is incorrect ?
A I feel interested in classical music B I take interest in classical music
C I am not into classical music D I don`t fond of classical music
88 No one likes _______in _____public.
A to be laughed at; the B laughing at; the
C being laughed at; / D to be laughing at; /
89 We are considering _______a sports meet next month.
A to hold B holding C to be held D as holding
90 Which sentence is incorrect?
A He devoted himself to the work of children`s health care.
B He is devoted to his work.
C He devoted all his life to work hard in people`s interests.
D He is determined to make more money for his family.
91 He doesn`t like classical music and_______ I .
A so do B nor do C or do D nor am
92 Friends should ______happiness and sorrow _____each other.
A share, with B solve, with C share, from D share, to
93 ---I missed the first part of the film .It was really a pity.
----You ________home half an hour earlier.
A should have left B must have left C should leave D must leave
94 The storm died away at last with the golden waves ____the shore in peace.
A beaten B beat C to beat D beating
95 The whites are ___holiday ,but I don`t know where they have gone __their holidays.
A in ,for B on ,for C for, in D at, on
96 The river ____are covered with trees is very long.
A which banks B of which banks C whose the banks D the banks of which
97 She likes to use words ______clear to her.
A of which the meaning B of which meaning
C whose of meaning D meaning of which
98 The price of this washing machine has been increased ____15%.
A up B to C by D from
99 _____someone`s health, you raise your glass.
A Drink to B To drink to C If you drink D If drink to
100 Please ______me about the interview____ I forget.
A remind; in case B remember; in case C remember, in case of D remind of; in case of
参考答案:
1-5 CDABD 6-10 DBCBA 11-15 ACDAA 16-20 DCBAA
21-25 DBDBC 26-30 DBDDC 31-35 ACCCB 36-40 CDDCD
41-45 BCABC 46-50 ACCDC 51-55 AAADA 56-60 ACADD
61-65 ACDDB 66-70 CCDBD 71-75 CAACD 76-80 ADDBC
81-85 AAACB 86-90 BDCBC 91-95 BAADB 96-100 DACBA

中考英语110条重点短语归纳

中考英语110条重点短语归纳
1. put down 放下 shut down 把…关上 cut down 砍掉 come down下来、落下 slow down 减缓、放慢 sit down 坐下 write down 写下 get down 下来,降落
2. after all 毕竟.终究 after that 于是.然后 day after day 日复一日地
one after another 相继.挨次 soon after 不久以后 the day after tomorrow 后天
3. come up with 找到、提出 catch up with 赶上 wake up 弄醒、醒来
send up 发射 open up 开设、开办 grow up 长大
pick up 拾起、捡起 hands up 举手 eat up 吃光
clean up 打扫干净 give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事
4. arrive at/in + n. 到达 get to +n.到达 reach + n.到达 arrive / get +adv.到达
5. get…back 退还, 送回去.取回 give back 归还 come back 回来
at the back of 在…的后面 on the way (back)home 在回家路上
6. at least 至少 at breakfast 早餐时 at desk 在桌前 at once 立刻,马上at school 在上学 at the same time 同时 at work 在工作
be good at=do well in 善长 laugh at 嘲笑 not…at all 一点也不 at first 起初
at night 在晚上 at noon 中午 at the age of // when sb. was…years old 在…岁时at last / in the end / finally 最后、终于 at the beginning of the twenty-first century在21世纪初
at the end of 在…终点、结尾 at the moment /now 现在 at the foot of在…脚下at Christmas 在圣诞节 at any moment 任何时候 at times(sometimes)有时, 偶尔at the doctor’s 在医务室 be bad at不善长
7.for example 例如 for ever 永远 be good for 对…有益 be bad for对…有害for long=for a long time 长期 for short 简称 be short for是…的简称
TV is short for “television”
8. come true 实现 come down 下来 come from=be from 来自, 出生于
come in/into 进入,进来 come on 赶快 come over 过来 come along 走吧,过来,快点come and go 来来去去 come up 上来 come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来
9.even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管
10. be pleased with 对…感到满意 be covered with 被…覆盖
be expected to do sth.被期望做某事 be proud of 以…自豪
speak highly of 称赞 be afraid of害怕 hear of听说 (hear from sb.收到某人的来信) of cause=certainly当然可以 plenty of= a lot of许多
11.by the way 顺便说 by oneself 单独,独自 by the end of到…为至
by the time (引起时间状语从句) 到…的时候 one by one依次
by air / plane 乘飞机 by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/ 火车/轿车
(catch a bus赶公交车get on / off the bus上/下车take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去)
12.do / try one’s best 尽力 do one’s homework 做家庭作业 do (the/some) shopping 购物
do the cooking 烹饪 do some cleaning 打扫
do the / some washing洗衣服do sport做运动do with sb / sth.处理well done干得好
13.early in the morning 一大早 in the early spring 初春 in my early days 我幼年时期early bus 早班车
14.make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献 make a telephone call to sb. /ring sb. up /give sb. a call /phone sb. 给某人打电话 connect…to…把…与…连接起来 be close to 靠近(某地)
give birth to生(孩子) lose to sb输给sb .
15.either…or…或者…或者.. on either side of the stree t街道任何一边
(on each side of the street 街道每一边 on both sides of the street街道两边)
16.keep doing sth.不停地做某事 (表示状态继续) keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行) practise doing sth. 练习做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
finish doing sth.做完某事 go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事)
17.go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一 事) go straight along 沿着…一直往前走
go down下降, go for a walk散, go over复习 go shopping买东西, go to the cinema去看电影
go well进展顺利, go off to 动身前往, go out外出, go to work去上班, go up上升,
want a go 想试一试
18. think about 考虑 (think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出)
talk about 谈论, worry about 担心, How / What about…?…怎么样?
19.borrow…from …从…借…. (lend…to…把…借给…) from door to door 挨家挨,
from time to time 时时 from now on 从今以后 from then on 从那以后
be different from与…不同 learn…from…向…学习
20.get dressed 穿衣 get into进入 get / be lost丢失 get off / on下/上车
get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好 get out of从…出来 get ready for +n.为…做准备get ready to do sth.准备做某事 get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡 (be asleep睡着) get warm 变暧 get well康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会
21. look for 寻找 wait for 等候 look after=take care of照看 look like看起来像
look over 检查,复习 look out 小心,从里向外看 look the same 看起来一样
look up 向上看,查单词, look around 环视 look forward to 期望 look through 温习,检查
22. set off 出发、动身 put off 推迟 keep off 避开、不靠近… drop off 放下(某物)
turn off 关 jump off 跳离, take off 脱(衣) (飞机)起飞
23. half a kilo 半千克 half an hour 半小时 in half 分成两半 half of the day 半天
24. do eye exercises 做眼保健操 do morning exercises 做早操
take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼 an exercise book 练习本
25. take part in 参加 hand in 上交 in hospital 住院 in surprise 吃惊地 in the sun 在阳光下 in trouble 处于困境 in a minute / moment 马上
26. leave for… 动身去某地
27 feed on 以…为主食 live on 继续活着 base on 以…为根据 carry on 坚持、继续下去and so on 等等 on the other hand 另一方面 on foot 步行
28. be famous for 以..著名 be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋 be interested in 对…感兴趣be born出生 be busy with sth.— be busy doing sth. 忙于 …be amazed at 对..感到惊讶
29. move away 移开 move to (搬)移到
30. search the Internet上网
31. make sure 确信 make a dialogue 编对话 make a mistake 犯错误 by mistake 由于疏忽make a noise 吵闹 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends (with) 和..交朋友 make room for 给..让地方 make tea 沏茶 make money 赚钱 make a decision作出决定
32.used to do sth 过去常常做某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”
34.forget to do sth. 忘记做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
decide to do sth.决定做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
35.hear sb. to do (doing)sth. 听见某人做某事
36.help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 with one’s help在某人的帮助下 with pleasure 乐意
37.the summer holiday(s) 暑假 the winter holiday(s)寒假
38.step into 走进 pour into 倒入…
39.in the first 第一 for the first time 第一次 at first起初 a firs t language 母语
first of all 首先
40. leave a message for sb. 给某人留条 give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信
41. take photos / pictures 照像 take away拿走 take out取出 work out 算出
take care 当心 take medicine 服药 take one’s temperature 量体温
take one’s time 别着急 take a walk 散步 take place 发生
42. learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学 learn by heart 背熟
43. a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半
44. have a try 尝试,努力 try out 尝试、试验 find out / about 找出,查明 have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心 have a (bad) cold (重)感冒 have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛 have sports 进行体育活动
have nothing / sth. to do with 与..无(有)关 have no idea 不知道
have (one’s) medicine 服药
45. offer sb sth. 某人提供某物
46.win first prize 获一等奖
47.all over the world= around the world =throughout the world 全世界
48. all kinds of 各种各样的
49. neither… nor 既不…也不….
50. not only … but also …不但…而且 , both… and ……和…都
51. the more , the better 越多越好
52. all one’s life 一生
53. as soon as 一…就… as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快 as well = too 也
as much as 至多 as little as 至少 regard …as 把…当作… as if 好像
54. no matter 无论…
55 ever since 从那以后,此后一直
56.so far 到目前为止 or so大约
57. another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2个小时
58. three times a week 一周三次
59. the number of …的数量 a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many 许多
60.less than 少于 less and less 越来越少
61.…is another way of saying …什么是..的另一说法
Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.
62. not…until…直到…才…
63.be like像 feel like +n./V-ing 想要 like best 最喜欢 would like to 想要
64.the 24 hour clock 24小时制
65.wash away 冲走 run away逃跑 take away 带走
66.before long 不久 long before / ago 很久以前 for long =for a long time 长期
no longer = not. .any longer 不再
67.more or less = about 或多或少 大约more than = over 多于,超过
68.every year 每年 every four years 每隔四年 every other day 每隔一天
everyday English / life 日常英语/生活
69. next to 紧挨着 next door 隔壁,邻居 next year 明年 next time 下次
70.receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb 收到某人的来信
71.on show = on display 展览
72.be filled with / be full of 充满…
73. thank to =because of 由于
74.some day =one day (将来)某一天 all day 终日 day and night 日日夜夜
in a day or two 一两天内 in the old days 从前,旧社会 from day to day (day after day)日复一日 the day before yesterday 前天 the day after tomorrow 后天 Tree Planting Day植树节 Women’s Day 妇女节
75. keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事 stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事
76.nice and +adj. = very +adj.很,非常
77. a place (places) of interest 名胜
78.three quarters of the information on the Internet 因特网上四分之三的信息 two thirds of the books三分之二的书
79. credit card 信用卡
80. the increasing population 增长着的人口
81 a path of travel 旅行路线
82. point at / to 指向
83. by sea = by ship 乘船 by the sea = on the sea 在海边 at sea在海上
84. set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事
85 .multiply…by… 乘以…
86. See you! 再见 You see. 你知道你明白, 你瞧 Let me see.让我想想see sb. Off 给某人送行 see a / the doctor 看病 see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做某事
87 some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物) one…another一个..另一个(三者或以上 ) one…the other一个…另一个(总数二个)
88. be worn out 穿旧,磨坏 check out 核实,检查 write out 写出
take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物
89. in this way 用这种方法 in a few year’s time 几年以后 in space 在太空
in and out of class 在课内课外 in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里
in the second half 在下半场 later in one’s life 在某人后半身 in the air 在空中
in the open air 在户外
90.give sb. an injection 给某人打针 get an injection打针
91.have been to 去过某地 have gone to 到某地去了
92.here + be+ 名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.)
93.be far behind +某人 (He is far behind others. 他落后于别人)
94. one of + adj.最高级+复数名词
95. take +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you.你最好带上雨伞)
96. prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).
Would / should等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事) , prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球) ;
prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车) ,
prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
97. 人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework. 我花了两个多小时完成家庭作业.) , 人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机). 人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He p aid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.) It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟). 物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)
98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?)
99. mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)
100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)
101. need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)
102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.) “be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. ) “be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用,
103.be made of 由…制造 (This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的)
be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的)
be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany)
be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made by Kate . )
104. more developed countries 发达国家 less developed countries 不发达国家
developing countries 发展中国家
105.be worth + money (V-ing), 值…钱.值得做… This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读.
106. the Summer Palace 颐和园 Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场 the Palace Museum 故宫the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂 the Temple of Heaven 天坛
the Great Green Wall 绿色长城 PLA 中国人民解放军 PRC 中华人民共和国
the Party 中国共产党 the League 共青团 Peking Opera 京剧
107 a digital camera 数字照相机 a doctor for animals = an animal doctor 动物医生
108. so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter.这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长) so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本)
so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不到.)
so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it ) , such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it) , such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside)
109 .tell sb about sth. 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb+从句 tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事
tell a lie 说谎 tell a story 讲故事 thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你
… too +adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能 too much (修饰名词)太多,过分
much too(修饰adj./adv.)太
110. hope / wish+不定式(或从句),wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思? (

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